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【同义词辨析】2019-10-23 之前preceding-previous

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发表于 2019-11-25 12:29:53 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
preceding: usually implies being immediately before in time or in place: the last sentence of the ~ing paragraph.


antecedent: applies to order in time and may suggest a causal or logical relation: study the revolution and its ~ economic conditions.


foregoing: applies to what has preceded, chiefly in discourse: a restatement of the ~ paragraph.    词根FORE表示之前before,如forehead前额,foretaste预先体验,forecast预报       (discourse论文演讲a long and serious treatment of a subject in writing or speech严肃地详细地论述某主题,如a discourse on issues of gender equality关于性别平等的论文


previous: implies existing or occurring earlier: a ~ marriage.


prior: often adds to previous an implication of greater importance: the prices in this catalogue supersede all ~ prices.


former: implies always a definite comparison or contrast with something that is latter: the ~ name of the company.


anterior: applies to position before or ahead of, usually in space, sometimes in time or order: the ~ lobe of the brain.   没有找到表示时间顺序的例子,全部表示空间位置

preceding之前: 指紧接着之前,在时间或空间,antecedent之前: 指时间顺序,有因果逻辑关系,foregoing之前: 也表示紧接着的之前,主要用在论文中,previous之前: 指存在发生在早前,prior之前: 表示重要,former之前: 用于和latter比较,anterior前部: 指空间位置上的前部


记忆方法:  1)首字母PAFPPFA想成法新社AFP<==之前报道

                2)之前的意思是在前面mean being before.
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