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【同义词辨析】 2018-10-29 顽固obstinate-mulish

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2018-11-2 03:56| 查看数: 1182| 评论数: 0|

obstinate: implies usually a perverse or unreasonable persistence: a President who was resolute but never ~.   perverse反常有悖常理what most people think is wrong, unacceptable or unreasonable, 如a perverse decision有悖常理的决定,又如sexual perversion变态

dogged: suggests a tenacious, sometimes sullen and unwavering, persistence: pursued the story with ~ perseverance.  tenacious紧抓不放的,TEN词根表示hold抓住,如tenure任期表示"hold抓住"职位,又如hold onto your dream like a dog with a bone像狗咬紧骨头一样抓住梦想,形象的说明了dogged和tenacious意思相同,谚语it's dogged that does it天下无难事只怕有心人)    (sullen不吱声不交流不合作,如remained sullen throughout the party整个聚会一言不发)   (waver动摇,指做出决定后又开始犹豫to hesitate after seeming to reach a decision,如wavered in his support of the rebels对叛军的支持动摇了)

stubborn: implies innate sturdiness or immovability in resisting attempts to change or abandon a course or opinion: swallow your ~ pride and admit that you are wrong.   sturdy结实健壮不易损害strong and not easily injured or damaged,如a sturdy table结实的桌子)

pertinacious: suggests an annoying or irksome persistence: a ~ salesman who wouldn't take no for an answer.   annoy和irk都表示让人讨厌,irk还表示不耐烦

mulish: implies a settled and thoroughly unreasonable obstinacy: a ~ determination to stick with a lost cause.   settled: 稳定的; 不大可能改变的  mule骡子,顽固的人     

这组词意思都是顽固,obstinate: 表示反常不合理坚持,dogged坚持不懈: 表示紧抓不放,不吱声不动摇,本组唯一褒义词,用狗比喻很形象,stubborn: 指生性顽固不化(innate sturdiness, immovability)拒绝改变放弃,pertinacious: 表示让人厌烦的坚持,mulish: 指完全不合理反常的坚持

记忆方法: 1)首字母ODSPM, Prime Minister DOS首相做事<==顽固        dos and don'ts做的事和不做的事,即注意事项准则,如he always dressed badly, like he's got no idea about fashion dos and don'ts他穿着没品味,好像不知道穿衣注意事项


               3)顽固的意思是做事固执不让步(settled,unyielding)mean settled and unyielding in an course or purpose.首字母ODSPM, Prime Minister DOS首相做事<==顽固


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