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【同义词辨析】 2018-02-27 敌意enmity-animus

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2018-3-5 20:30| 查看数: 1377| 评论数: 0|

enmity: suggests positive hatred which may be open or concealed: an unspoken ~ seethed between the two.    强调仇恨hatred,如the traditional problem of the enmity between Protestants and Catholics新教徒和天主教徒之间历来仇恨的问题,如personal enmities and political conflicts个人仇恨和政治冲突,如her action earned her the enmity of several colleagues她的行动激起了几个同事对她的仇恨    翻滚; 涌动; 生闷气


hostility: suggests a strong, open enmity showing itself in attacks or aggression: a history of ~ between the two nations.    如川普的对华政策,美国记者称其为hostility敌视


antipathy: implies a natural or logical basis for one's hatred or dislike, suggesting repugnance or a desire to avoid or reject: a natural ~ for self-important upstarts.     repugnance强烈厌恶,和自己的想法品味原则完全相反,因而抗拒厌恶,如regards boxing as a repugnant sport令人十分厌恶的体育活动,antipathy一般只是dislike不喜欢,应该还没有到repugnance的程度   逻辑的==有原因的


antagonism: suggests a clashing of temperament leading readily to hostility: a long-standing ~ between the banker and his prodigal son.     racial antagonisms种族对立


animosity: suggests anger, intense ill will, and vindictiveness that threaten to hurt or destroy: ~ that eventually led to revenge.      vindictive想报复的想复仇的


rancor: stresses bitter brooding and nursing of a grudge or grievance: ~ filled every line of his letters.      (grudge,grievance同义,都表示因过去受到委屈或冒犯而不满、心里埋怨)   又如she answered her accusers calmly and without rancor平静无地回答指责他的人,如a rancorous debate充满怨恨的辩论


animus: implies strong prejudice and often malevolence and spiteful ill-will: my objections are devoid of any personal ~.    malevolence强烈的、恶性的恶意,在2018-06-04 恶意malice-grudge


enmity仇恨: 是或公开隐藏仇恨(positive表确定无误), hostility仇恨敌对: 指强烈公开的仇恨,表现为攻击侵犯, antipathy反感厌恶: 指自然的或有原因的反感厌恶,想避免拒绝, antagonism敌对: 指性格(或者叫根本性)冲突导致的敌对, animosity强烈仇恨: 指强烈的愤怒敌意仇恨,导致报复伤害, rancor怨恨:指不满抱怨,animus敌意偏见: 表示偏见恶意


记忆方法: 1) 首字母HER AAAA,她得四个A,遭人嫉妒<==敌意

                 2) hostility和animosity程度最强,antipathy最弱

                 3
练习一下

                 4)敌意的意思是深深反感怨恨mean deep-seated dislike or ill-will or manifestation of such a feeling. 首字母HER AAAA,她得四个A,遭人嫉妒<==产生敌意

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