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【同义词辨析】 2018-02-11 偏见predilection-bias

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2018-2-16 15:22| 查看数: 754| 评论数: 0|

predilection: implies a strong liking derived from temperament or experience: teenagers with a ~ for gory horror movies.         如his predilection for fast cars and fast horses他对跑车和骏马的偏爱to like something very much


prepossession: suggests a fixed conception likely to preclude objective judgement of anything counter (adj) to it: a slave to his own ~.    这个词除表示偏见先入观念,也可表示着迷,即强烈喜欢=predilection


prejudice: usually implies an unfavorable prepossesion and connotes a feeling that is rooted in suspicion, fear or intolerance: strong ~ that are based on neither reason nor experience.    如racial/gender/religious prejudice种族/性别/宗教偏见,如ignorance/pride and prejudice无知/傲慢与偏见


bias: implies an unreasoned and unfair distortion of judgement in favor of or against a person or thing: the society shows a ~ against overweight people.     可表示正面或负面,如political bias政治偏袒,be impartial without bias公正不偏袒,如physics has a strong practical bias物理偏重实用,he has a bias toward math他数学科,负面如bias against women对妇女的偏见


predilection偏爱: 表示强烈喜欢, 由于性格或经历, prepossession偏见先入观念: 持有的固定观念,使人不能客观判断,prejudice偏见:  即负面的成见,源于怀疑害怕狭隘(intolerance不包容容忍), bias偏见: 正面负面,都表示不合理公平


记忆方法: 1)首字母PPPB想成偏不偏!<==有偏见

                 2)练习一下

                 3)偏见的意思是[color=#ff0
000]预设立场态度mean an attitude of mind that predisposes one to favor something or take a stand without full consideration or knowledge.首字母PPPB想成偏不偏!<==有偏见       predispose提前影响,使倾向于: 表示该影响力很早之前就已存在implies the existence of disposing influence in advance,如fictional violence predisposes them to accept violence in real life虚构的暴力使他们更容易接受现实的暴力.




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