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【同义词辨析】2020-06-10 无果futile-abortive

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2020-9-13 17:52| 查看数: 135| 评论数: 0|

futile: may connote completeness of the failure or unwisdom of the undertaking: a ~ search for survivors of the crash.     (又如futile talk谈,如he is a futile sort of person他是一个无用的人,如a futile attempt to achieve the impossible为办不到的事劳)  undertaking事业事情a task or project, especially one that is important and difficult重大或艰巨的任务项目,同义词是venture,如he is interested in buying the club as a commercial undertaking他有意购买那个俱乐部作为商业投资(事业),如in those days, the trip across country was a dangerous undertaking那个时期,越野旅行是一件危险的事情


vain: usually implies simple failure to achieve a desired result: a ~ attempt to get the car started.    (如all my efforts were vain一切努力都白费了,如it is vain to resist抵抗是没用的, 如we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain决不让这些先烈的死变成白白的牺牲)


fruitless: comes close to vain but often suggests long and arduous effort or severe disappointment: ~ efforts to obtain a lasting peace.


bootless: chiefly literary, applies to petitions and efforts to obtain relief: a ~ request for aid.


abortive: suggests failure before plans are matured or activities begun: an ~ attempt to escape.      (如the doctor had to abort the baby医生不得不打掉胎儿,如the captain instructed them to abort the mission上尉指示他们中止任务)

futile徒劳无益: 表示所作的事情完全失败不明智,vain徒劳: 指一般的失败,fruitless无果:  同上,但表示付出长期艰苦努力,因而失望,bootless无果: 有文学色彩,用于请愿求援,abortive流产堕胎夭折: 表示计划还未成熟行动还未开始,即已失败


记忆方法: 1)首字母FVFBA我烦不烦啊<==无果

               2)无果的意思是没有结果mean barren of or producing no result.     barren土地贫瘠不结果人不育

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