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【同义词辨析】2019-10-25 随后follow-supervene

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jason246 发表于 2019-11-25 12:30:29 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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follow: may apply to a coming after in time, position, understanding, or logical sequence: speeches ~ed the dinner.


succeed: implies a coming after immediately in a sequence determined by some rational cause or rule, such as natural order, inheritance, election, or laws of rank: she ~ed her father as head of the business.   (immediate直接立即stresses the absence of any intervening medium or influence强调二者之间没有任何其他事物,如had immediate knowledge about the situation掌握直接的信息,如do it immediately立即做。作为对比,近义词direct也表示直接,但强调特定"关系",如因果起止问答始终,如had a direct bearing on the case对案件有直接影响)


ensue: commonly suggests a logical consequence and a naturally expected development: after the lecture, a general discussion ~d.    expect表示的预期强调有较大把握


supervene: suggests the following by something added or conjoined and often unforeseen or unpredictable: events ~d that brought tragedy into his life.


跟着follow: 泛指跟在后边,如时间位置思维逻辑,succeed接替: 表示依据某种规则原因紧跟在后,如依据自然顺序、继承顺序、选举结果,地位法则等,ensue接着: 表示是自然符合逻辑发展结果(原文顺序反了),supervene意外发生: 表示后来的事情无法预测


记忆方法:  1)首字母FSES重新排序成FESS坦白供认<==随后             fess坦白供认early 19th cent shortening of confess是confess的缩写,19世纪早期出现,如'fess up', she demanded. 'what were you doing in Peter's private office? '快说(坦白)” 她责令道)

                2)随后的意思是后来mean to come after something or someone.    ""的意思是脚的后部,作动词表示在某人后边走,""的原意是"顺从地"跟着,现在随后和跟着两个词的意思已经没有差别

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[发帖际遇]: jason246 乐于助人,奖励 2 朵 鲜花. 幸运榜 / 衰神榜
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