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【同义词辨析】2019-09-23 灌输infuse-leaven

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发表于 6 天前 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
infuse: implies a pouring in and permeating of something that gives new life or vigor or significance: new members ~d the club with new enthusiasm.      permeate弥散遍布to spread throughout, to pervade,如water will permeate blotting paper水能渗透吸水纸,如the aroma of soup permeated the air汤的香味弥漫在空气中,如his personality has begun to permeate through the whole organization他的人格魅力开始影响整个组织。另外,词根PER本身也表示through穿过通过)


suffuse: implies a spreading through or over of something that gives a distinctive color or quality:a room ~d with light and cheerfulness.   SUR词根表示上above,over,IN词根表示里in,它们不同的意思也体现在了suffuse和infuse上)


imbue: implies a permeating so deep and so complete that the very substance and nature of the thing affected are altered: ~d her students with intellectual curiosity.   形近词imbibe表示喝水接纳观点,如in summer we imbibe a lot of water, 如imbibed Marxism in his youth青年时接纳马克思主义,可见两个形近词意思相反)   如he managed to imbue his employees with team spirit他设法使他的员工充满团队合作精神


ingrain: suggests the indelible stamping or deep implanting of a quality, idea, or trait: clung to ~ed habits and beliefs.   trait是特征特点quality,property等的基础词


inoculate: implies an imbuing or implanting with a germinal idea and often suggests surreptitiousness or subtlety: tried to ~ the child with a taste for opera.  germinal萌芽阶段的,处于初级状态的,起根源的;孕育新思想,开创性的。   如a program to inoculate every child in the state为该州所有儿童预防接种的计划,如his dogs were inoculated against rabies他的狗注射过狂犬疫苗


leaven: implies introducing something that enlivens, tempers, or alters the total quality: a serious play ~d with comic moments.   三个首字母是tea茶,茶叶需要leaven发酵调和


infuse注入: 表示注入浸透的同时赋予新生命活力意义,suffuse弥漫: 表示好像撒满遍布,使具有独特颜色特性,imbue灌输充满:指完全深入地浸透,以致改变实质属性,ingrain使根深蒂固: 表示深深植入,留下永久印记,如观念习惯特征,inoculate疫苗、潜移默化: 表示灌输植入新思想时悄无声息,潜移默化,还指接种疫苗,leaven酵母影响: 表示引入的东西有活跃调和的作用


记忆方法:  1)首字母ISIIIL想成古今中外4历史<==灌输智慧

               2)灌输的意思是全面引入某物mean to introduce one thing into another so as to affect it throughout.

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