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【同义词辨析】 2019-04-02 迟延tardy-overdue

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发表于 2019-4-16 07:17:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
tardy: implies a lack of promptness or punctuality or a lateness that results from slowness in progress, or, more often, from delay in starting: made excuses for his ~ arrival.


late: usually stresses a failure to come or take place at the time due because of procrastination, slowness, or interference: he was ~ for work most mornings.


behindhand: applies to the situation of persons who have fallen into arrears or whose development, progress, or action is slower than normal: ~ in their mortgage payment.      arrear有两个意思,1)欠款,如he is six monthis in arrear with his rent他拖欠了六个月房租,又如本例拖欠按揭贷款; 2)落后,如in this we are much in arrear(s) of Europe这方面我们远远落后欧洲)


overdue: may apply to what has become due but not been dealt with: an ~ library book; or what has been expected or scheduled but has not arrived: our guests are long ~; or what might logically have occurred or appeared long before: produced ~ tax reform.    long before很久前,before long不久后,"狼在前,很久前;狼在后,不久后",感谢温暖热心的彭卫萍老师,教了我这个口诀!


tardy迟缓: 指做事不迅速不准时,由于启动延迟行动缓慢,late迟到: 表示没有在指定时间到达发生,如由于拖延缓慢干扰,behindhand拖欠落后: 表示落后拖欠,即动作进展比一般要慢,overdue过期/迟到晚点/早该做的: 可以指在该处理的时间还没处理;或该到达没到达;或指逻辑上早该进行的 (逻辑是指有顺序的思考orderly thinking,还引申为理性有条理,它是推理reason的基础词)


记忆方法: 1)首字母tlbo排序成BOLT闪电<==毫不迟延       bolt of lightning闪电,bolt还表示螺栓,如nuts and bolts螺帽和螺栓,比喻具体细节


               2)迟延的意思是没有在预定时间到达或发生mean not arriving or doing or occurring at the set, due, or expected time.

上一篇:【同义词辨析】 2019-04-01 坚强strong-tenacious
下一篇:【同义词辨析】 2019-04-03 弹性elastic-supple
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