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奥巴马小传

发布者: chrislau2001 | 发布时间: 2008-9-25 16:44| 查看数: 1707| 评论数: 1|

Biography: Barack Obama

A first-term senator from Illinois, Barack Obama describes himself as a 'skinny kid with a funny name' and an unlikely biography. He rose to political prominence as the result of early opposition to the war in Iraq and an attention-grabbing speech at the 2004 Democratic Convention, when he was only a state legislator.

Sen. Obama was born in Honolulu in 1961 to a mother from Kansas and a father from Kenya, who met while both were students at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. His father eventually returned to Kenya and his mother later married an Indonesian man, which prompted the family to relocate to Jakarta, Indonesia in 1967. At age 10, Sen. Obama returned to Hawaii, where he lived with his maternal grandparents and attended the Punahou School, one of the state's top prepatory schools.

After high school, Sen. Obama moved to Los Angeles to attend Occidental College for two years before transferring to Columbia University, where he majored in political science. He moved to Chicago in 1985 and became a community organizer with the Developing Communities Project, a church-based organization on Chicago's impoverished South Side.

Sen. Obama entered Harvard Law School in 1988 and became the first African American editor of the Harvard Law Review in 1990. After receiving his law degree, he returned to Chicago to practice civil rights law and to teach at the University of Chicago Law School. He met his wife, Michele Robinson, when both were lawyers at a Chicago firm. The couple married in 1992.

Sen. Obama was elected to the Illinois state senate in 1996, representing the Hyde Park neighborhood in Chicago. He won re-election twice, in 1998 and 2002. The only electoral defeat in his political career came in 2000, when he lost a Democratic primary race for the U.S. House of Representatives against incumbent Bobby Rush.

Sen. Obama served as a state senator until 2004, when he ran for the U.S. Senate. After winning his party's primary, he was invited to deliver the keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention. His speech, which chronicled his unlikely biography, called for an end to divisive politics and lauded Democratic candidate John Kerry, helped transform the little-known legislator into a national figure in the Democratic Party. Sen. Obama later won the statewide election in Illinois with 70% of the vote.

In February 2007, Sen. Obama announced his candidacy for president and entered the Democratic primary race. After a long and intense primary season in which he broke numerous fundraising records and exchanged political jabs with Hillary Clinton, he clinched the nomination on June 3, 2008.

On June 19, Sen. Obama, the first African-American candidate of a major party, became the first major party candidate to reject public financing.

最新评论

chrislau2001 发表于 2008-9-25 16:45:13
民主党总统候选人巴拉克·奥巴马(Barack Obama)形容自己是一个“有着有趣名字的瘦小孩”,还有着不怎么讨人喜欢的履历。首次担任代表伊利诺伊州参议员的奥巴马在政坛声名鹊起是因为他早早地反对伊拉克战争的态度以及2004年民主党全国大会上那篇引人瞩目的演说,当时奥巴马只是名州议员。

奥巴马1961年出生于檀香山;母亲来自堪萨斯,父亲来自肯尼亚,两人是在夏威夷大学玛诺亚分校(University of Hawaii at Manoa)求学时相识的。他父亲最终返回肯尼亚,而母亲后来改嫁给一名印尼人,后者于1967年举家迁往印尼首都雅加达。奥巴马在10岁时重返夏威夷和外祖父母生活,就读于夏威夷最好的预科学校之一普纳侯学校(Punahou School)。

高中毕业后,奥巴马前往洛杉矶在西方学院(Occidental College)上了两年学,然后转至哥伦比亚大学(Columbia University)主修政治学。1985年,奥巴马迁往芝加哥,为发展社区计划项目(Developing Communities Project)进行社区工作。这个教会组织专为芝加哥贫困的South Side地区服务。

奥巴马于1988年进入哈佛法学院,1990年成为《哈佛法学评论》(Harvard Law Review)的首位非裔美国人编辑。获得法律学位后,奥巴马再次回到芝加哥从事民权法工作,并在芝加哥大学法学院(University of Chicago Law School)任教。他在芝加哥一家律师事务所工作时遇到了妻子米歇尔·罗宾森(Michele Robinson);两人于1992年结婚。

1996年,奥巴马代表芝加哥海德公园(Hyde Park)选区当选伊利诺伊州议员,随后在1998年和2002年两次获得连任。2000年,奥巴马遭遇了政治生涯唯一一次竞选失败,他在美国众议院(U.S. House of Representatives)的民主党初选中输给了现任众议员博比·拉什(Bobby Rush)。

在2004年竞选联邦参议员前,奥巴马一直担任州参议员。在获得民主党初选胜利后,奥巴马受邀在2004年民主党全国大会上发表主题演讲。在演说中,奥巴马以自己不同寻常的经历为引线,呼吁结束政治分裂,并对民主党总统候选人约翰·克里(John Kerry)大加赞赏。这场演说帮助原先默默无闻的奥巴马在民主党内名声大噪。当年,奥巴马以70%的得票率当选代表伊利诺伊州的联邦参议员。

2007年2月,奥巴马宣布竞选总统,并进入民主党初选。在漫长激烈的初选过程中,奥巴马创下了诸多筹款纪录,与希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton)针锋相对,最终于2008年6月3日确保获得了民主党内提名。

作为美国主要政党的首位黑人总统候选人,奥巴马在今年6月19日也成为了首位拒绝公众资金的主要政党总统候选人。
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