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[考试] 2014年6月大学英语六级考试真题(一)答案与详解

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[LV.5]常住居民I

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发表于 2018-11-3 08:30:18 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2014年6月大学英语六级考试真题(一)答案与详解

Part ⅠWriting

审题思路

本次作文一改往年常考的三段式议论文、图表作文和名言评述作文题型,设定虚拟情景,要求考生描述某处景点,考生应该把重点放在说明选取这一景点的原因上,也就是说明其独特性上。仔细分析可知,本文依旧可以分三部分展开。考生首先应回答“what”的问题,即去什么地方游玩;其次,考生应回答“Why”的问题,即推荐该地点的缘由;最后, 考生需要做简要的总结。

写作提纲

一、回答“what”,说明去某地游玩(take vacation, on the top of my list)

二、回答“why”,描述某地的独特之处:1、以泰山为例(Mount Tai)

2、泰山的独特之处(spectacularity, sacredness, hope andauspiciousness)

三、简要总结:1、探访泰山很有意义(engagementin ancient culture and contemporaiy prosperity)

2、表达愿望(wonderfulexperience)

范文点评



高分范文


精彩点评


A Tour to Mount Tai

I amdelighted to learn that myforeign Mend, Bill, isgoing to take vacation in my hometown. For the sake of his hospitality I enjoyed in England, I willshow him around the landscape, ②amongwhich Mount TaL is unquestionablyonthe top of my list.

Centuriesago, at the summit of themountain, Con- fucius exclaimed that the world was small; ④ inmodem times, everyoneis bound to appreciate itsspectacularity and sacredness.⑤ Mount Tai is more than a mountain; it isa place which symbolizes hope andauspiciousness, embodying profound culture.⑥ Furthermore, Mount Tai is considered to besacredto the pointwhere almostevery ancient Chinese emperor came here to make offerings to Heaven andEarth, praying for a prosperous country and a peaceful living environment.

VisitingMount Tai is more than a mountain climbing excursion, but a hands-on engagementin ancient culture and contemporary prosperity. Thus, ⑧ I assureyou that youwill like this wonderful experience.



① ②引出并点明主题:外国朋友要来家乡游玩,泰山是首选之地。

③④古今对比:古今名人都对泰山有着特殊的感情。

③⑤泰山的独特之处:泰山不仅仅是一座山,她还象征着希望和祥瑞,体现了深厚的文化。

⑥泰山的独特之处:泰山是神圣之地,历代帝王奉泰山如神灵,到泰山祈求国泰民安。

⑦总结到访泰山的意义。

⑧表达愿望。

加分亮点

unquestionably毫无疑问地

bebound to... 一定会…

spectacularity 壮丽

sacredness 神圣

to the point where …到了…程度

hands-on亲身实践的


全文翻译

泰山之旅

欣闻我的外国朋友比尔要来我的家乡度假。由于我在英国曾受到比尔的热情款待,我将带他四处看看家乡的风景。在所有风景中,泰山无疑是首选之地。

几个世纪前,孔子登上泰山之巅,发出登泰山而小天下之感叹;在现代,每个人必定会去欣赏泰山的壮丽和神圣。泰山不仅仅是一座山,她还象征着希望与祥瑞,体现了深厚的文化。此外,泰山被看作是如此神圣,以至于几乎每位古代帝王都会到这里祭祀天地,祈求国家昌盛、国泰民安。

登泰山不仅是一次登山远足,还是一次亲身体验古代文化和现代繁荣的旅行。因此,我向你保证你一定会喜欢这次美妙的旅行的。

PartⅡListening Comprehension

Section A

1. W: I can’t seem to reach the tea at the back of thecupboard.

M: Oh. Why don’t you use the ladder? You might strain your shoulder.

Q:What does the man suggest the woman do?

1. A)Seea doctor about her strained shoulder. C)Replace the cupboard with a new one.

B)Use a ladder to help her reach the tea.D) Place the tea on a lower shelfnext time.

【预测】四个选项都是动词短语,由此可推断该题会对建议或计划进行提问。a)“找医生看拉伤的胳膊”,strain表示“拉伤,扭伤”。选项中出现了 tea, cupboard, shelf等,可推测对话和日常生活相关,而且、B)选项中同时出现了 her,应该是男士对女士提出建议,答案应该在男士的话里,注意听男士的话。

【精析】B。女士提到自己遇到的问题是够不到食橱后面的茶叶,男士使用了 Why don’t you...?的结构建议女士使用梯子,故本题应该选择B) 。

2. W: Since it’s raining sohard, let’s go and see the new exhibits.

M: That’s a good idea. MaryJohnson is one of my favorite painters.

Q: Where does theconversation most probably take place?

2. A) At Mary Johnson’s.C)In an exhibition hall.

B)At a painter’s studio. D) Outside an artgallery.

【预测】 四个选项都是表示地点的词,问题会针对地点提问,极有可能为谈话地点。选项中出现了painter’s studio, exhibition hall,gallery,均和艺术相关,在听对话时应特别注意表示地点的关键词。

【精析】D)。女士提出雨下得很大,建议去看新的展品,男士提到Maiy Johnson是他最喜欢的画家之一,可以推断出exhibits指的是美术作品,通过这两点可断定谈话地点是在美术馆外,故本题应该选择D)。

3.听力原文:M: I hear the students gave the newteacher an unfair evaluation.

W: It depends on which students you are talking about.

Q : What does the woman imply?

3.A) The teacher evaluated lacks teachingexperience.

B) She does not quite agree with what the man said.

C) The man had better talk with the students himself.

D)New students usually cannot offer a fair evaluation.

【预测】四个选项中出现了 teacher,evaluated,students,evaluation等词,可以推测,对话与学生对老师的评价相关。

【精析】B)。男士说学生对新教师做出了不公正的评价,面对男士的说法,女士并没有表示认同,而是婉转表达了质疑。“这取决于你说的是哪些学生了”,言外之意是她不同意男士所说的话,故本题应该选择B)。

4.听力原文:W: It must have taken you a long time to fix up all these bookshelves.

M: It wasn’t too bad. I got Doris to dosome of them.

Q : What does theman mean?

4. A) Hehelped Doris build up the furniture. C)Doris fixed up some of the bookshelves.

B)Doris helped him arrange the furniture.D) He was good at assembling bookshelves.

【预测】四个选项中出现了 he,Doris, furniture, bookshelves等词,而且出现的动词为build up,arrange, fixed up, assembling,由此推测对话应会提到男士和Doris干某事,听音时应注意男士的表述。

【精析】C)。女士说男士肯定花费了很长时间修理书架,男士说他让多丽丝干了一些,而此处的do some of them指的就是女士所说的修理书架,故本题应该选择C)。

5.听力原文:W: Rod, I hear you’ll be leaving at the end of this month. Is it true?

M:Yeah. I’ve been offered a much better positionwith another firm. I’d be a fool to turn it down

Q; Why is the man quitting his job?

5. A) Hedoesn’t get on with the others.C)He has been taken for a fool.

B) He doesn’t feel at ease in the firm.D) Hehas found a better position.

【预测】四个选项均以he开头,firm意为“公司”,position意为“职位”,B)和D)两个选项中提到的这两个词都和工作相关,可推测对话应该涉及男士的工作问题。

【精析】D)。女士询问男士是否月末离职,男士做出肯定的回答,并说明了原因是“另一家公司向我提供了更好的职位”,故本题应该选择D)。

6.听力原文:W: I honestly don’t want to continue the gardeningtomorrow, Tony?

M : Neither do I. But I think we should get it over with this weekend.

Q : What does the man mean?

6.A)Theyshould finish the work as soon as possible.

B) He will continue to work in the garden himself.

C) He is tired of doing gardening on weekends.

D)They can hire a gardener to do the work.

【预测】选项中出现了 work, garden, gardening,gardener等,可推测对话内容和园艺工作相关。B)和C)选项都以he开头,应注意听男士所说的话。

【精析】 A)。女士说自己明天不想继续做园艺工作了,男士表达了同样的观点,但是提出他们应该在周末之前完成。听力对话中表示转折处往往是考查重点,此处but表示转折,听音时应特别留意其后的内容。选项A)中的finish同义替换原文中的get it over with,而as soonas possible则同义替换了原文中的this weekend,故本题应该选择A)。

7.听力原文:W : You’ve already famished your apartment?

M: I found some used furniture that was dirt cheap.

Q : What do we learn from the conversation?

7. A)The man has to get rid of the used furniture.

B) The man’s apartment is ready for rent.

C) The furniture is covered with lots ofdust.

D)The furniture the man bought is inexpensive.

【预测】选项中出现了furniture, apartment等词,可推测对话和居家生活相关,涉及到公寓和家具等,而且A)、B)、D)选项中都提到了the man,听音时应重点关注男士的话。

【精析】D)。女士询问男士是否在公寓装好了家具,男士回答说他找到了一些特别便宜的二手家具。注意习惯用语dirt cheap意为“很便宜”,D)中的inexpensive是原文中dirt cheap的同义表述,故本题应该选择D)。

8. 听力原文:W: Has the mechanic called about the repairers?

M: Not yet. I’ll let you know when he calls.

Q : What do we learn from the conversation?

8.A) The man will give the mechanic acall. C) The woman is doing some repairs.

B) Thewoman is waiting for a call.D)The man knows the mechanic very well.

【预测】选项中提到了 mechanic, call, repaid等,可推测对话内容和打电话找修理工相关,四个选项中有两个以the man开头,两个以the woman开头,故听音时应同时留意男士和女士的话。

【精析】B)。女士问男士机械工给修理工打电话了没有,男士回答说还没有,打完电话他会告诉女士的。由此可推断女士在等电话,故本题应该选择B)。

ConversationOne

9-12.听力原文:

M:Hello, Matt Ellis speaking.

W:Hello, Dr. Ellis. My name’s Pan Johnson. My roommate, Janet Holmes, wanted meto call you.

M: Janet Holmes? Oh, thafs right. She’s in my Shakespearean English class. Has anythinghappened to her?

W:Nothing. (9) It’sjust that she submitted a job application yesterday and the company asked herin for an interview today. She’s afraidshe won’t be able to attend your class this afternoon though. (10) I’m calling to see whether it would be OK if I gaveyou her essay. Janet said ifs due today.

M:Certainly. That would be fine. Uh, youcan either drop it off at my class or bring it to my office.

W:Would it be all right to come by your office around 4 :00? I’m afraid I can’t come any earlier because I have three classes thisafternoon.

M:Uh, I won’t be here when you come. I’m supposed to be at a meeting from 3:00 to6:00,but how about leaving it with mysecretary? She usually stays until 5:00.

W:Fine. Please tell her Fll be there at 4:00. (11) And Dr. Ellis, one more thing, could you tell me where youroffice is? Janet told me where your class is, but she didn’t give me directions to your office.

M: Well, I’m in Room 302 of the Gregory Building. I’ll tell my secretary to put the paper in my mailbox, and I’ll get it when I return.

W:Isure appreciate it. Goodbye, Dr. Ellis.

M:Goodbye, Ms. Johnson.

9. Why couldn’t the woman’sroommate attend the Shakespearean English class that afternoon?

A) She had a job interview to attend.C) She had to attend an important meeting.

B) She was busy finishing her project. D) She was in the middle of writing an essay.

A。【精析】通过对话开头的Matt Ellis speaking可推测该对话是在打电话,前三句是套话,第四句开始出现新人物Janet Holmes,—般为考点提示信号。女士提到她的室友不能来上课的原因是她要去参加面试,故A)是答案。

10. What favor is thewoman going to do for her roommate?

A)Accompany her roommate to the classroom.C) Submit her roommate’s assignment.

B) Hand in her roommate’s application form.D) Help her roommate with her report.

C。【精析】前文提到Janet Holmes,即女士的roommate,她所遇到的问题是因为面试不能来上课,所以让女士帮忙交作业,故C)是答案。

11. What does the womanwant to know at the end of the conversation?

A)Where Dr. Ellis’s office is located. C) Directionsto the classroom building.

B) When Dr. Ellis leaves his office. D)Dr. Ellis’s schedule for the afternoon.

A。精析女士在最后提到,她想知道埃利斯博士的办公室在哪,故A)是答案。

Conversation Two

听力原文:

W : How are things going, Roald?

M: (12) Not bad, Jane. I’m involved inseveral projects and it’s a long working day. But I’m used to that, so it doesn’t bother me toomuch.

W :I heard you have moved to a new house in the suburb. How do youlike commuting to London every day? Don’t you find it a strain?

M: (13) It was terrible at first, especially getting up before dawn tocatch that 630 train. But it’s bearable now that I’m usedto it.

W: Don’t you think it’s an awful waste of time? Icouldn’t bear to spend three hours sitting in a train every day.

M:I used to feel the same as you. (14) Butnow I quite enjoy it.

W:How do you pass the time? Do you bringsome work with you to do on the train?

M : Ah, that’s a good question. (15) Inthe morning, I just sit in comfort and read the papers to catch up with thenews. On the way home at night, I relax with a good book or chat with Mendsor even have a game of bridge.

W:I suppose you know lots of people onthe train now.

M:Yes, I bumped into someone I know onthe platform every day. Last week I came across a couple of old school Mendsand we spent the entire journey in the bar.

W:It sounds like a good club. You never know. I mayjoin it too.

12、What does the man say about his job?

A) He finds it ratherstressful.C) He canhandle it quite well.

B) He is thinking of quitting it. D) He has to work extra hours.

C)。【详解】该题考点信息出现在明显的信号词but之后,男士说他参与了几项工程,工作时间很长,但他已经习惯了,由此可推断出男士把工作处理得很好,故C)是答案。

13、Which train does the man take to work every day?

A) The 6:00 one.C) The7:00 one.

B)The 6:30 one. D) The 7:30 one.

B。【详解】对话中提到,男士住在郊区,每天需要搭乘火车到伦敦。男士提到要赶6:30的这班火车,故B)为答案。

14、How does the man feel aboutcommuting to work every day now?

A) It is an awful waste oftime.C) Thetime on the train is enjoyable.

B) He finds it rather unbearable.D) It is something difficult toget used to.

C。【详解】女士认为每天花很长时间乘坐火车上班是浪费时间,男士回答说以前和女士的想法一样,但是现在很享受。本题考点再次出现在明显信号词but之后:“ But now I quite enjoy it. ”对应选项C) The time on the train is enjoyable,故 C)是答案。

15、How does the man spend his time on themorning train?

A) Reading newspapers. C) Listeningto the daily news.

B) Chatting with friends.D) Planning the day’s work.

A。【详解】对话中,女士问男士在车上如何消磨时光,男士的回答包含的信息量较大,分别提到了早晨上班时和晚上下班时在火车上做的事情,应注意本题问的是早晨上班时如何度过。男士的回答是读报以获取新闻,故A)是答案。

Section B

Passage One

Most Americancollege students need to be efficient readers. This is necessary becausefull-time students probably have to read several hundred pages every week. (16)They don’t have time to read a chapter three or four times. They need to extract as much information as possible fromthe first or second reading. An extraor­dinarilyimportant study skill is knowing how to mark a book. Students mark the mainideas and important details with a pen or pencil, yellow or blue or orange.Some students mark new vocabulary in a different color. Most students writequestions or short notes in the margins. Marking a book is a useful skill,but it’s important to do it right. First, read achapter with one pen in your hand and others next to you on the desk. Second,read a whole paragraph before you mark anything.Don’t mark too much. Usually you will mark about 10%of a passage. (17)Third, decideon your own system for marking. For example,maybe you will mark main ideas in yellow, important details in blue and newwords in orange. Maybe you will put question marks in the margin when you don’tunderstand something. (18)When your chapter is a rainbow of markings, you dont have to read all of it again beforean exam. Instead, you just need to review your marks and you can save a lot oftime.

16、What should American collegestudents do to cope with their heavy reading assignments?

A)Ignore small details while reading.

B) Read at least several chapters at onesitting.

C)Develop a habit of reading critically.

D)Get key information by reading just once or twice.

D。详解短文开头提到,美国大学生必须学会高效地阅读,因为每周他们都要读很多东西。他们没有时间反复阅读同一个章节,只能阅读一两遍,从中获取尽量多的信息,故答案为D)。

17、What suggestion does the speakergive about marking a textbook?

A)Choose one’s own system of marking.C) Make asfew marks as possible.

B) Underline the key words and phrases.D) Highlight details in a red color.

A。【详解】短文中提到,掌握做阅读标记的方法很重要,并给出做好标记的三点建议:提笔开始阅读;读完一个段落后再做标记;确定自己的标记系统。A)项符合上述建议中的第三条,故答案为A)。

18、How should students prepare foran exam according to the speaker?

A)Byreading the textbooks carefully again.C) Byfocusing on the notes in the margins.

B) By reviewing only the markedparts.D) By comparing notes with theirclassmates.

B。【详解】短文结尾部分提到,考试之前只需复习做了标记的部分,这样能够节约复习时间,故答案为B)。

PassageTwo

The thought ofhaving no sleep for 24 hours or more isn’t a pleasant onefor most people. The amoxmt of sleep that each person needs varies. In general,each of us needs about 8 hours of sleep each day to keep us healthy and happy.Some people, however, can get by with just a fewhours of sleep at night. (19) It doesn’t matter when or how much a personsleeps. But everyone needs some rest to stay alive. Few doctors would have thought that there might be an exception tothis. Sleep is, after all, a veiy basic need. (20) But a man named A1 Herpin turned out to be arare exception, for supposedly he never slept! A1 Herpin was 90 years oldwhen doctors came to his home in New Jersey. They hoped to challenge the claimthat he never slept. But they were surprised. Though they watched him everyhour of the day, they never saw Herpin sleeping. He did not even own a bed. Henever needed one. The closest that Herpin came to resting was to sit in arocking chair and read a half dozen newspapers. His doctors were puzzled by thestrange case of permanent sleeplessness. (21) Herpin offered the only clueto his condition. He remembered some talk about his mother having been in­juredseveral days before he had been born. Herpin diedat the age of 94, never, it seems, having slept at all.

19、What is taken for granted by mostpeople?

A)The sleep a person needs varies from day to day.

B)The amount of sleep for each person is similar.

C)One can get by with a couple of hoursof sleep.

D)Everybody needs some sleep for survival.

D。【详解】短文中提到,尽管人们的睡眠时间和需求不同,但人们总是需要睡觉的,因为休息是生存的需要,故答案为D)。

20、What do doctors think of A1 Herpin’s case?

A) It is a made-up story.C) It is arare exception.

B) It is beyond cure. D) It is due to an accident.

C。【详解】对于一般人来说,睡觉是基本的生存需要,但阿尔•海尔宾却与众不同,因为他从不睡觉。医生认为这是个罕见的例外,故答案为C)。

21、What could have accounted for A1 Herpin’s sleeplessness?

A) His extraordinary physicalcondition. C) Theunique surroundings of his living place.

B) His mother’s injury just before his birth.D) The rest he got from sitting ina rocking chair.

B。【详解】短文中提到,一些医生对阿尔•海尔宾不用睡觉的现象感到惊,但他们找不出原因。阿尔•海尔宾说出了一个唯一可能的原因:他的母亲在生他几天前曾受伤,故答案为B)。

Passage Three

Hetty Green was a very spoiled, only child. (22) She was born in Massachusetts, USA in 1835. Her father was amillionaire businessman. Her mother was often ill, and so from the age of trwoher father took her with him towork and taught her about stocks and shares. At the age of six she startedreading the dally financial newspapers and opened her own bankaccount. (23) Her father died when she was 21 and sheinherited 7. 5 million dollars. She went to New York and invested on WallStreet. Hetty saved every penny, eating in the cheapest restaurants for 15 cents.(24) She became one of the richest and most hated women in the world. At33 she married Edward Green, a multi-millionaire, and had two children, Ned and Sylvia. (24) Hettys mean­ness was well-known. She always argued about prices inshops. She walked to the local grocery store to buy broken biscuits which weremuch cheaper, and to get a free bone for her much loved dog. Once she lost atwo-cent stamp and spent the night looking for it. She never bought clothes andalways wore the same long, ragged black skirt. Worst of all, when her son, Ned,fell and injured his knee, she refused to pay for a doctor and spent hourslooking for free medical help. In the end Ned lost his leg. When she died in1916, she left her children 100 million dollars. (25) Her daughter built ahospital with her money.

22、Whatdo we learn about Hetty Green as a child?

A)She invested in stocks and shares on Wall Street.

B)She learned to write for financialnewspapers.

C)She developed a strong interest infinance.

D)She tenderly lookedafter her sick mother.

C。【详解】短文开头提到,海蒂•格林从小娇生惯养,父亲是百万富翁,母亲经常生病,父亲经常教她做股票生意,她六岁时就喜欢阅读金融日报。由此可知,她从小就对金融产生了浓厚的兴趣,故答案为C)。

23、How did Hetty Green become richovernight?

A)She made a wise investment in realestate.

B)She sold her restaurant with asubstantial profit.

C)She got 7. 5 million dollars from herex-husband.

D)She inherited a big fortune from her father.

D。【详解】海蒂的父亲在她21岁时去世了,于是她继承了父亲750万美元的财产。由此可知,海蒂一夜暴富是因为继承了她父亲的遗产,故答案为D)。

24、Why was Hetty Greenmuch hated?

A)She was extremely mean with her money.

B)She was dishonest in business dealings.

C)She frequently ill-treated heremployees.

D)She abused animals including her pet dog.

A。【详解】短文在中间部分提到,海蒂因节约而积累财富,但也因为花钱吝啬而遭人厌恶,并举例说明她如何斤斤计较,故答案为A)。

25、What do we learn about Hetty’s daughter?

A)She made a big fortune from wiseinvestment.

B)She built a hospital with her mother’smoney.

C)She made huge donations to charities.

D)She carried on her family’s tradition.

B。【详解】短文末尾部分提到海蒂的子女的情况:儿子因为她的吝啬延误治疗而最终失去一条腿;女儿继承了她的财产并建立了一家医院,故答案为B)。

Section C

26、identical。【详解】此处应该填入一个形容词作表语。通过下文表示转折关系的but和different—词可知,空格处所填形容词应与different意思相反。identical意为“相同的”。

27、approach。 【详解】此处应该填入动词原形,构成want sb. to do结构。approach意为“靠近,接近”。

28、backandforth。【详解】此处应该填入副词短语修饰动词move。back and forth意为“来回地”。

29、opposite。【详解】此处位于定冠词the之后,应该填入名词。此处通过举例说明观点:有些动作相同,但意思不同。opposite意为“相反的人或物”。

30、indicates。【详解】此处应该填入动词第三人称单数形式。indicates意为“表示”。

31、referringto。【详解】此处应该填入现在分词形式,与is构成现在进行时结构。referring to意为“指的是”。

32、parallelto。【详解】此处应该填入形容词结构作keeps的表语。parallelto意为“与……平行的”。

33、reserved。【详解】此处应该填入过去分词形式,构成被动语态。reserved意为“保留”。

34、atarightangle。【详解】此处应该填入介词结构,作keep的表语。at a right angle意为“呈直角”,与前文的parallel to形成对比。

35、embarrassing。【详解】此处应该填入形容词,与前面的humorous—词构成并列结构。embarrassing意为“尴尬的”。

PartⅢReadingComprehension

SectionA

答案详解:

36、N) simply。【详解】空格前面是many,承接上文,即many Brazilians; want to后面省略了动词read,因此空格处需要填入副词形式。备选项中只有两个副词,分别是simply和particularly, simply符合句意“许多人只是不愿意读书”。由此确定副词simply为本题答案。particularly意为“独特地,显著地”,与句意不符,故排除。

37、A)average。【详解】通过分析句子结构可知,空格处应填入形容词修饰名词Brazilian。通过下文的1.8 non-academic books a year可知,空格处形容词不可能表达总量,而应该是平均数,即“平均每个巴西人”之意,由此确定average为答案。备选形容词中,expensive不能修饰人,named, normal和potential不符合句意,可以排除。

38、M) ranked。【详解】根据句子结构可知,空格处应填入动词过去式作谓语。巴西在被调查的30个国家中排名第27位,而邻国阿根廷排名第18位,故空格处填入的动词具有“排名”之意,故ranked为答案。备选项中的其他动词均无“排名”之意,故可排除。

39、F) launched。【详解】根据句子结构可知,空格处应填入动词过去式作谓语,且该动词可以与plan搭配构成动宾关系。下文中提到政府通过修建图书馆等措施推进民众读书,故launched符合句意,即“发起计划”。备选动词中,distributed意为“分发”,后面接具体事物作宾语,neglected意为“忽视”,quit意为“辞职,放弃”,quit aplan意为“放弃计划”,ranked常用来表达排名,且在上题已使用,treasured意为“珍爱”,常用情感或事物作宾语,故均可排除。

40、E) expensive。【详解】根据句子结构可知,空格处应填入形容词,构成系表结构。根据句中的 discouragement—词可知,此处说明影响巴西人不爱读书的因素。根据下文中的pushing up their price可知,这里描述的应该是书的价格,故expensive符合句意。

41、H) neglected。【详解】空格处应填入动词作从句的谓语,本段分析了巴西人不爱读书的深层原因,即长达几个世纪的奴隶制造成该国领导人长期忽视教育,结合下文提到“巴西基础教育在20世纪90年代才得到普及”可知,巴西教育的滞后深受奴隶制的影响,因此本空应选择neglected,即巴西“长期忽视教育”。

42、K) potential。【详解】通过分析句子结构可知,空格处应填入名词。因为巴西读书人数少,这在客观上存在增长潜力,故potential符合句意。growth potential是常用搭配,意为“增长潜力”。

43、C) distributed。【详解】空格处应填入动词过去分词,作textbooks的后置定语,distribute textbooks意为“分发教科书”,故答案为C)。

44、L) quit。【详解】空格处应填入动词构成主谓结构,结合下文的complained, shame等词可知,巴西国家图书馆馆长因对目前的状况不满而辞职,故quit符合句意。

45、B) collection。【详解】空格前面有冠词the,故应填入名词。本句与图书馆有关collection此处可理解为“藏书”,符合句意。

Section B

Passage One

46、The author attended theconference, hoping to find some guiding principles for parenting in theelectronic age.

D)。【译文】作者参加了会议,希望能找到一些在电子时代为人父母的指导原则。

【精析】文章开头提到几十家手机及平板电脑儿童应用程序开发商聚集在加州蒙特利的度假地,展示他们为儿童设计的游戏程序,作者也参加了这次大会,他希望这些已为人父母的开发商们可以帮助他解决自己的难题并提供一些指导建议。题干中的attended the conference和find some guiding principles分别对应原文中的 come to the developers’ conference 和 offer some guiding principle,故答案为 D)。

47、American parents are becoming more doubtful about the benefits tech­nologyis said to bring to their children.

G)。【译文】美国家长对于科技据说能给他们的孩子带来的益处变得更加怀疑。

【精析】F)段提到很多家长尽管反对孩子过多地使用电子媒体,但是作者自己的经历表明:当家长意识到自己是孩子使用电子媒体的元凶时,会感到局促不安。G)段承接上文,指出家长也更加怀疑科技给孩子带来的影响。题干中的more doubtful对应原文中的more distrustful,故答案为G)。

48、Some experts believe that humanintelligence develops by the use of hands.

A)。【译文】有些专家认为,人的智力是通过使用双手发展而来的。

【精析】在产品展会知间隙,巴克莱纳测试了他的遥控直升飞机的性能,这虽然引起了一些孩子的兴趣,但大多数孩子显然不为所动,而是被参展的iPad或其他平板电脑深深吸引着。在和开发者们的交谈中,有人用“双手是人类智力发展的工具”这一观点解释了其中的原因。题干中的human intelligence是原文中man’s intelli­gence的同义转述,故答案为 A)。

49、Theauthor found a former Montessori teacher exercising strict control over herkids5 screen time.

E)。【译文】作者发现一位曾担任蒙台梭利法教师的女士严格控制孩子接触屏幕的时间。

【精析】作者想听听家长对孩子接触屏幕的看法,于是和一位曾协助开发“蒙台梭利字母语音”程序的女士聊起来。她曾经是蒙台梭利法的教师,她说自己的孩子玩游戏不多,因为她和孩子们约定好了接触屏幕的时间。即使按过度控制的家长的标准,这好像也有点过于严厉了。题千中的a formerMontessori teacher与原文相同,题干中的strict control是原文中restrictive和overcontrolling的同义转述,故答案为E)。

50、Researchshows inter­action with people is key to babies’ brain development.

C)。【译文】研究表明,与人交流是孩子大脑发育的关键。

【精析】1999年,美国儿科学会就不鼓励两岁以下的儿童看电视,因为大脑开发研究显示,“与父母和其他主要看护人的直接交流”对这个年龄段的孩子而言至关重要。由此可知,孩子在大脑发育的关键时期应该与人交流。题干中的interaction with people 对应原文中的direct interactions with parents and other significant eare givers,故答案为C)。

51、So far there has been noscientific proof of the educational benefits of iPads.

H)。【译文】到目前为止,还没有科学证据证明iPad的教育益处。

【精析】G)段提到家长的两难境地:他们一方面想让孩子接触新科技,另一方面又担心科技带来的负面影响。因此,父母在做出决定时,都要认真考虑这一决定可能带来的后果。H)段表明,目前尚未证实使用iPad是否有好处。题干中的educational benefits 是原文中 make your preschooler smarter or teach her to speak Chinese的同义转述,故答案为H)。

52、American parents worry thatoveruse of tablets will create problems with their kids’ in­terpersonal relationships.

G) 。【译文】美国的父母们担心过度使用平板电脑会给孩子的交际带来问题。

【精析】该段论述了美国家长对新科技的态度。他们一方面希望孩子接触新科技,另一方面又担心过度使用电子媒体会带来负面影响。他们认为,谨慎使用新科技会给孩子带来帮助,若使用不慎,则会给孩子带来交流障碍,使他们不会目光交流,甚至只能在虚拟世界里找到女朋友。题干中的overuse of tablets对应原文中的 too muchdigital media,题干中的 problems with their kids’ interpersonalrelationships 是对原文 can’t make eye contact and has a girlfriend wholives only in the virtual world 的概述,故答案为 G)。

53、The author expected developersof children’s apps to specify the benefits of the new technology.

D)。【译文】作者希望为孩子设计应用程序的开发商们能够明确说明新科技给孩子们带来的好处。

【精析】作者在D)段提到,他参加了应用程序开发商大会,希望能在这些热衷于互动媒体,同时又为人父母的特殊人群中寻找答案,因为他们或许会更清楚地表达新科技给孩子们带来的好处。题干中的specify the benefits of the newtechnology 与原文中的 express clearly some benelitsof the new technology 意思相同,故答案为D)。

54、The kids at the gathering weremore fascinated by the iPads than by the heli­copter.

A)。【译文】展会上的孩子们更着迷于 iPad,而不是直升飞机。

【精析】文章提到,在大会间隙,巴克莱纳测试了他的遥控直升飞机能否飞到大厅二层,有些孩子仰头观看着他的测试,但大多数孩子则低头看着大厅里展出的iPad或其他平板电脑,就像看着一盒盒打开的糖果。由此可知,孩子们更着迷于iPad,故答案为A)。

55、The author permits her children to use the screen for at most half anhour a day.

F)。【译文】作者每天最多允许她的孩子使用电子媒体半小时。

【精析】作者对一位女士严格控制孩子接触电子媒体的时间感到吃惊,于是便询问其他父母的看法。其中一位说只有在乘飞机或坐长途车时才能玩;另一位说周三和周末可以玩,每次半个小时;最宽容的回答跟作者的规定一样:每天可以玩半个小时。由此可知,作者允许孩子接触电子媒体的时间每天不超过半小时,故答案为F)。

Section C

Passage One

答案详解:

56、C)。定位:由题干中的 traditionally 定位到文章第二段第一句:A11 the traditional reasons... women fall behind when they leavethe workforce to raise kids...。

详解:事实细节题。文章第一段提出了大学毕业一年后,女性收人比同龄男性收人低的现象,接着第二段指出了解释这种收人差距的传统原因:女性因为离职照顾孩子而落后,或者她们没有像男性一样努力寻求管理岗位,因此C) “她们被迫在家照顾孩子”符合文章表述,故答案为C)。

点睛:A)“她们没能选择那么多严格的课程”,这个表述出现在文章第四段,叙述本身没有错误,作者用这一表述解释年轻女性收人低的原因,但不是传统上的观点,可以排除;B)“她们认为自己不那么适合管理岗位”,文章第二段提到传统原因之一是女性没有像男性一样努力寻求管理岗位,但是没有说她们认为自己不适合,与原文不符,可以排除;D)“她们没有展现出所需的领导素质”,文章没有提及,可以排除。

57、B)。定位:由题干中的America’s higher education system定位到文章第与段最后一句:...higher education system is not designed to focus onthe economic consequences of our students’ years on campus.

详解:事实细节题。文章第三段提出了造成当前现象的原因,其中第二点是我们的高等教育体系设置的重心不在学生毕业后能获得的经济回报上。B)中的does not consider和economicimpact分别是对原文中的is not designed to focus on和economic consequences的同义转述,故答案为B)

点睛A)“它没能为女性提供特别的职业咨询”、C)“它没有照顾到女性学生的特殊需求”和D)“它没有鼓励女性选择严格的科目”均未在文章中提及,可以排除。

58、A)。定位:由题干中的 college experience 定位到文章第三段第二句:...the university experience is still an unequal one.再由题干中的today定位到文章第四段前两句:Now...one might think the college campus is a pretty equal place. Itis not.

详解:推理判断题。题目是“关于当今的大学经历,作者作何表述? ”作者第一次提到“大学经历”是在文章第三段,指出大学经历不平等是解释男女收人差距的原因之一。作者在第四段对这一原因进行了详细论述,说明了大学男女学生的不同经历,故答案为A)。

点睛:B) “它和前代相比是不同的”,文章没有提及,可排除;C) “它比大部分女性预期的更加筋疲力尽”,文章最后提到女性大学毕业后过于筋疲力尽,和选项C)表述不能等同,可排除;D) “很多美国学生不那么满意大学经历”,文章没有提及,可以排除。

59、D)。定位:由题干中的women students in college定位到文章第四段:Now that women are them majority of college students and surpassmen...and generally head off with less ambitious plans.

详解:推理判断题。文章第四段详细论述了大学男女学生的不同经历。其中,该段第三句中的词组trail off有“渐渐减弱”的意思,在句中是指女生到了大学后走下坡路,表现不如在高中时期。由于这个词组较难,也可以通过句中的while判断出下一句为转折关系,从而推测女生在大学的表现变差,故答案为D)。

点睛:A) “她们不知道如何充分发挥自己的能力”,在文中没有提及,可排除;B) “当发觉课程过于严格时她们会放弃”,文章中提到女生倾向于选择相对不严格的课程,并不是发现课程严格再放弃,可以排除;C)“她们在选课上不如男生实际”,文章提到女生选择不同种类的课程,倾向于选择相对不严格的课程,没有涉及到实用性的问题,可以排除。

60、A)。定位:由题干中的fresh from college定位到文章最后一段最后两句:No wonder they’re notnegoti- ating for higher salaries as soon as they get out of school. They are too exhausted, and too scared of failing.

详解:详解事实细节题。题干问作者对于刚离开校园的男女收人差距作何解释。短语fresh from意为“刚从…毕业”,与最后一段倒数第二句中的as soonas they get out of school表达的意思一样,此句用nowonder来引导,意思是“女性刚从学校毕业时并没有就更高薪资进行谈判”,和文章最后一句是因果关系,原因是“她们过于筋疲力尽,而且对失败充满恐惧”,故答案为A)。

点睛:B) “女性没有准备好承担管理岗位的角色”,文中第二段提到刚毕业的女性工作资历浅,很少有机会去追求管理岗位,而不是没有做好准备,可以排除;C) “女性被夹在职业和家庭之间”,根据文章第二段的表述可知,因为需要照顾孩子和家庭而离职,这个原因不适用于刚毕业的女性,可以排除;D) “女性不擅长谈薪酬”,根据文章表述,女性是因为感到筋疲力尽并且害怕失败才不去要求高薪,而不是因为她们不擅长谈薪酬,可以排除。

Passage Two

答案详解:

61、B)。定位: 由题干中的 theleaders he knows 定位到文章第二段第二句:In fact, I see way fewer truly effective leaders than I see peoplestuck in positions of leadership who are sadly incompetent and se­riouslymisguided about their own abilities.

详解:推理判断题。题干问“作者是如何看待他所认识的领导者的?”定位句较为复杂,不易理解。 定位句中的way是一个程度副词,意为“相当地”。该句表述的意思为“真正卓有成效的领导者很少,我见到更多的是处在领导者的位置却很没有能力,且总是被自己的无能给蒙蔽的人”,即作者见到很多无能的人,不能胜任自己的职位,但是却身居要职。对比四个选项,B)“他们中很少有人与自己的职位相匹配”为这句话的同义表述,故答案为B)。

点睛: A) “他们中的很多人习惯于掌控”在文章第四段列举反面典型时有提到,但不符合题干中的 the leaders he knows和定位句的内容,可以排除;C) “他们中的很多人没能完全开发自己的潜力”和D) “他们中很少有人熟悉关于领导力的作品”均未在文章中提及,可以排除。

62、A)。定位:由题干中的 grab leadership positions 定位到文章第四段第二句:Whether it’s a decisionmaking session, a basketball game, or afamily outing, they can’t help grabbing the lead dog position and clinging onto it for dear life. They believe they’ve natural bom leaders.

详解: 事实细节题。题干问“为什么一些人总是热衷于领导职位?”定位句指出,很多人领导欲很强, 不管在什么场合都想掌控局势。该段最后一句分析了他们这样做的原因,即 “他们认为自己是天生的领导者。”A) “他们认为自己天生有领导才能”为本句的同义表述,故答案为A)。

点睛:B) “他们相信关于领导力的作品所说的东西”和D) “他们能从领导工作中获得极大的满足”均未在文中提及,可以排除;C) “他们在很多情况下都被证明是能胜任的”,根据文章表述,这一类领导欲强烈的人往往是没有能力、不能胜任工作的,与选项C)的表述相反,故排除。

63、D)。定位:由题干中的a great leader定位到文章第五段第四句:A great leader will assess each situa­ tion on its merits, andwill only take charge when their position, the situation, and/or the needs ofthe moment demand it.

详解:事实细节题。题目问“根据作者观点,一个伟大的领导者具备什么特征? ”文章第五段第四句指出,伟大的领导者会审时度势,仅仅在他们的职位、处境和/或当时的情况需要时才会担起领导人的职责。这句话是作者对于成功领导者的描述,和选项D) “能够在掌控前先仔细评估形势”的表述一致,故答案为D)。

点睛:A) “当机会出现时能做出及时的反应”、B) “全身心地奉献给他们的神圣责任”和C) “对自己的优点和缺点有足够的理解”,这三个选项的表述正确,根据常识判断,应该都是伟大的领导者应具备的品质,但文章中没有提及,可以排除。

64、B)。定位 :由题干中的manybusiness executives 定位到文章第六段:Many business executives confuse leadership with action...if they thinkyou aren’t working as hard as they think you should, their de­mands becomeincreasingly louder and harsher.

详解:事实细节题。题目考查的是“当命令没有落实到行动时,许多企业管理人员是如何反应的?”文章第六段第一句中提到了 business executives,但是没有给出问题的答案。第三句指出,当遇到没法全凭行动来解决的问题时,他们就会变得极度不耐烦。这句话基本对应了选项B)中的impatient—词。 第四句指出,音量是他们的领导工具之一,如果他们认为你没有像他们期望的那样努力工作,他们的命令就会变得越来越大声、越来越刺耳。这一句话对应的是选项B)中的rude—词,故答案为B)。

点睛:题干中的business executives是反面教材,作者通过将他们的不恰当做法与真正的领导者的做法进行对比,来说明真正的领导者的品质。A)“他们重新评估当下的形势”和C)“他们求助于任何可用的工具”,都是正面积极的做法,可以排除;D) “他们会指责自己的团队成员”,文章只描写了这类人对下属的态度是不耐烦和粗鲁的,但是没有提到是否对下属进行“指责”,可以排除。

65、 C)。定位:根据“题文同序”原则和题干中的advice定位到文章最后一段最后一句:A true leader is someonewho develops his or her team so that they ccm and do hit their targets andachieve their goals.

详解:推理判断题。题目问“作者对领导者的建议是什么?”建议往往会在文末提出。本文最后一段指出,真正的领导者能够发展自己的团队,这样他们就能而且的确会击中目标,达成目标。选项C)是这句话的同义转述,故答案为C)。

点睛:A) “一次只专注于一个特定的任务”、B)“用不同的工具来实现不同的目标”和D)“面对艰巨的任务时展现出决心”均未在文章中提及,可以排除。

PartⅣ Translation

中国应进一步发展核能,因为核电目前只占其总发电量的2%。该比例在所有核国家中居第30位,几乎是最低的。

2011年3月日本核电站事故后,中国的核能开发停了下来,中止审批新的核电站,并开展全国性的核安全检查。到2012年10月,审批才又谨慎地恢复。

随着技术和安全措施的改进,发生核事故的可能性完全可以降到最低程度鈐换句话说,核能是可以安全开发和利用的。

China should further develop nuclear energy,because nuclear power currently accounts for only 2% of its total generating capacity. The proportionranks the 30th among all countries possessing nuclear energy, which is almostthe lowest.

Chinas nuclear power development stopped after thenuclear power station accident in Japan in March, 2011. The approval of newnuclear power plants was suspended, and the nationwide nuclear energy safety in­spectionstarted. It wasn’t until October, 2012 that examinationand approval was restored cautiously.

With the improvement of technology andsafety measures, the possibility of nuclear accidents can definite­ly beminimized. In other words, the nuclear energy can be exploited and utilizedsafely.

难点注释:

1、翻译第一段第一句时,注意两个分句之间的逻辑关系为因果关系,应选择表示因果的连同连接“占……”可选择词组account for。本句还应注意“发电量”的惯用表达方式为generatingcapacity。

2、翻译第一段第二句时,应理解“几乎是最低的”指的是“该比例在所有核国家中居第30位”,此处可选择非限制性定语从句。“核国家”不宜直译,可译为countries possessing nuclear energy,使用现在分词作后置定语。 “居……位”可译为rank +序数词的形式。

3、第二段表述的是过去的情况,应注意时态的选择,宜用一般过去式。第一句是全文最长的一句话,可拆分为两个句子。仔细研读第二个逗号后的两个短句“中止审批新的核电站,并开展全国性的核安全检查”,会发现这两句没有明确的主语,但可以确定其主语和前面句子的主语不一致,故翻译时可在此处断开。第一个短句“2011年3月日本核电站事故后”为时间状语,主句为“中国的核能开发停了下来”。后两个短句为并列结构,由“并”连接,由于没有明确提出主语,可以译成被动语态。注意“中止”可译为suspend,“审批”可译为 approval, “全国性的”可译为nationwide, “安全检查”可译为safety inspection。

4、翻译第二段第二句时,应注意“到……才”可译为固定结构it wasn’t until...that.。

5、第三段第一句中,“随着…”使用with结构表示伴随,作状语。“发生核事故的可能性”这个短语的定语较长,可选择“名词+of”的形式,译为the possibility of nuclear accidents。. “降到最低程度”直接用动词minimize 来表达,也可译为 drop to a minimum extent。

6、第三段第二句需注意被动语态的使用。“核能是可以安全开发和利用的”,汉语表达虽没有直接的“被”字,但很明显表达的是被动的意思,要翻译成被动语态。“换句话说”固定表达为in other words。

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