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Lesson 52 A pretty carpet 漂亮的地毯

发布者: 雪狼 | 发布时间: 2006-4-24 16:41| 查看数: 19877| 评论数: 16|

北外视频





美音版录音



Lesson 52 A pretty carpet 漂亮的地毯

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

What is the writer's carpet made of?

We have just moved into a new house and I have been working hard all morning. I have been trying to get my new room in order. This has not been easy because I own over a thousand books. To make matters worse, the room is rather small, so I have temporarily put my books on the floor. At the moment, they cover every inch of floor space and I actually have to walk on them to get in or out of the room. A short while ago, my sister helped me to carry one of my old bookcases up the stairs. She went into my room and got a big surprise when she saw all those books on the floor. 'This is the prettiest carpet I have ever seen,' she said. She gazed at it for some time then added, 'You don't need bookcases at all. You can sit here in your spare time and read the carpet!'

temporarily   [ˈtempərərili]   adv. 暂时地

inch   [intʃ]   n. 英寸(度量单位)

space   [speis]   n. 空间

actually  [ˈæktʃuəli]  adv. 实际上

我们刚刚搬进一所新房子,我辛辛苦苦地干了整整一个上午。我试图把我的新房间收拾整齐,但这并不容易,因为我有1,000多本书。更糟糕的是房间还非常小,所以我暂时把书放在了地板上。这会儿,书把地板的每一点空隙都占据了,我实际上是踩着这些书进出房间的。几分钟前,我妹妹帮我把一个旧书橱抬上了楼。她走进我的房间,当她看到地板上的那些书时,大吃一惊。“这是我见过的最漂亮的地毯,”她说。她盯着“地毯”看了一会儿,又说:“你根本用不着书橱,空闲时你可以坐在这儿读地毯!”

课堂笔记:

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.I have been trying to get my new room in order.我试图把我的新房间收拾整齐。

(1)与课文开头那句话的后半部分一样,这个句子也用了现在完成进行时。(cf.本课语法

(2)get…in order表in“把……整理好”,in order的含义之一为“整齐”、“井然有序”:

Get/Put everything in order before you leave the room.

离开房间前把所有的东西都整理好。

2.To make matters worse, the room is rather small…更糟糕的是房间还非常小……

to make matters worse是个插入语,与主句之间要用逗号隔开。

matters(复数形式)可以表示“事态”、“情况”。这个短语是个惯用语:

I lost my way in the forest, and to make matters worse, it became dark.

我在森林里迷了路。更糟糕的是,天开始黑了。

3.At the moment, they cover every inch of floor space and I actually have to walk on them to get in or out of the room.这会儿,书把地板的每一点空隙都占据了,我实际上是踩着这些书进出房间的。

(1)at the moment表示“此刻”、“目前”:

At the moment, I'm busy preparing for the exams.

目前我正忙着准备考试。

(2)to get…为表示目的的不定式短语,相当于一个从句。

4.You can sit here in your spare time and read the carpet!空闲时你可以坐在这儿读地毯!

spare可以表示“空闲的”、“多余的”:

I like to read in my spare time.

我空闲时喜欢读书。

Have you got a spare moment?

你(现在)有空吗?

语法 Grammar in use

1.现在完成时与现在完成进行时

在第4课、第28课的语法中,我们学习了现在完成时的用法以及经常与它连用的时间副词(或短语)、介词等。现在完成进行时由have been+现在分词构成,强调动作在某一段时间内一直在进行,而且动作现在有结果。到现在为止,该动作可能已不再继续进行,也可能还在继续进行,这要根据上下文来确定。句子中常含有all+表示时间的词语如all day, all morning等或for和since。一般说来,现在完成表示已完成的动作,现在完成进行时则可表示尚未完成的动作。有些动词,如learn, lie, live, rain, sit, sleep, stand, study, wait, work等本身就有持续性,现在完成时形式与现在完成进行时形式可以互换,惟一的区别是后者更强调动作的持续性:

2.形容词、相应的副词及其用法

(1)许多副词,特别是表示方式的副词,皆由形容词加-ly构成,如easy(容易的)/easily(容易地),beautiful(漂亮的)/beautifully(漂亮地)。一些频度副词也如此构成,如usual(通常的)/usually(通常)。还有少数几个表示程度及观点的副词也都以-ly结尾:high(高的)/highly(高度地),real(真的)/really(真正的)。这些副词与它相应的形容词的意义区别不大,比较容易掌握:

She is very happy now.

她现在很快乐。

She lives happily with her mother.

她和母亲一起快乐地生活。

(2)有些副词虽然由形容词加-ly构成,但在意义上与其相应的形容词并不相同,如hard(勤奋的,困难的)/hardly(几乎不),cold(冷的)/coldly(冷淡的),late(迟到的,晚的)/lately(最近,近来),near(近的,接近的)/nearly(几乎,差不多,差点儿)。有些副词有两种形式。有的意义相同,如cheap(廉价地)/cheaply(廉价地),但有的意义不同如late(迟,晚)/lately(近来),hard(努力地,猛烈地)/hardly(几乎不)。有些副词在形式上与形容词相同,如fast(快),past(过去),far(远)等。

(3)大多数方式副词的位置一般在宾语或动词后面:

Look at this photo carefully.

仔细看这张照片。(宾语后面)

It snowed heavily last night.

昨天夜里雪下得很大。(动词后面)

Why don't you try to work hard?

你为什么不努力工作呢?(动词后面)

表示时间的副词常位于句尾,有时也可位于句首:

This morning I got up very early/ late.

今天早上我起得很早/晚。(句首或句尾)

程度副词,如almost, enough, hardly, nearly, quite, rather, too等,大部分用在它们所修饰的词之前:

The film was quite good.

这个电影相当不错。(修饰形容词)

I nearly cried out with surprise.

我惊讶得几乎叫了起来。(修饰动词)

副词的位置比较复杂,大部分要看具体情况。

词汇学习 Word study

1.own

(1)vt. 拥有:

I own over a thousand books.

我有一千多本书。

Who owns this car?

这辆车是谁的?

(2)vt.,vi. 承认:

He owned(that)he had made a mistake.

他承认自己犯了个错误。

He owned to stealing the wallet.

他承认偷了钱包。

(3)adj.自己的:

He lives in his own house.

他住在自己家里。

He has a car of his own.

他有一辆自己的车。

2.quite与quiet

由于发音和词形都很相似,这两个单词往往容易搞混,其实区别很大。

(1)quite为程度副词,表示“完全”、“相当”、“很”等含义:

I'm quite ready.

我已全准备好了。

That hat is quite pretty.

那顶帽子很漂亮。

Are you quite certain?

你敢完全肯定吗?

She isn't quite happy.

她不是很开心。

(2)quiet可作形容词,表示“安静的”、“平静的”、“静止的”、“寂静的”等:

Please be quiet.

请安静点。

The sea was very quiet this morning.

今天上午大海很平静。

The house became quiet again when the children were gone.

孩子们走了之后屋子里又变得寂静了。


最新评论

183811191 发表于 2008-3-6 20:41:04
What is the writer's carpet made of?

According to the text. the writer's carpet is made of the books.
mandarin-duck 发表于 2009-6-3 13:06:14
学习了,外国人说话总是这么幽默
mandarin-duck 发表于 2009-6-3 13:07:47
temporarily ,gaze
发表于 2009-11-15 17:55:55
真棒!继续!
loveto 发表于 2010-6-5 06:41:25
1.It has not been easy because he owns over a thousand books.

2.He has temporarily put his books on the floor and at the moment, they cover every inch of floor space.

3.She said the books made a very pretty carpet and the writer could sit in his room and read the carpet.
Judyy 发表于 2010-12-1 12:32:38
We have just moved into a new house and I have been working hard all morning. I have been trying to get my new room in order. This has not been easy because I own over a thousand books. To make matters worse, the room is rather small, so I have temporarily put my books on the floor. At the moment, they cover every inch of floor space and I actually have to walk on them to get in or out of the room. A short while ago, my sister helped me to carry one of my old bookcases up the stairs. She went into my room and got a big surprise when she saw all those books on the floor. 'This is the prettiest carpet I have ever seen,' she said. She gazed at it for some time then added, 'You don't need bookcases at all. You can sit here in your spare time and read the carpet!'
Judyy 发表于 2010-12-5 13:29:46
We have just moved into a new house and I have been working hard all morning. I have been trying to get my new room in order. This has not been easy because I own over a thousand books. To make matters worse, the room is rather small, so I have temporarily put my books on the floor. At the moment, they cover every inch of floor space and I actually have to walk on them to get in or out of the room. A short while ago, my sister helped me to carry one of my old bookcases up the stairs. She went into my room and got a big surprise when she saw all those books on the floor. 'This is the prettiest carpet I have ever seen,' she said. She gazed at it for some time then added, 'You don't need bookcases at all. You can sit here in your spare time and read the carpet!'
Judyy 发表于 2010-12-5 13:30:58
'You don't need bookcases at all. You can sit here in your spare time and read the carpet!'
Judyy 发表于 2010-12-5 13:32:01
the writer's carpet is made of the books
Judyy 发表于 2010-12-12 12:24:53
She went into my room and got a big surprise when she saw all those books on the floor
Judyy 发表于 2010-12-23 20:34:57
move intoa new house

get my new room in order get my new room in order

to make matters worseto make matters worse

temporarilytemporarilytemporarily

every inch of every inch of

got a big surprisegot a big surprise

gaze at

in your spare time
Judyy 发表于 2010-12-23 20:36:04
we have just moved into a new house and i have been working hard all morning...
xizi 发表于 2011-5-15 19:51:11
怎么看不到老师讲解了呢。
宏艺 发表于 2011-7-10 22:04:59
Lesson 52 A pretty carpet 漂亮的地毯
lvsuoguo 发表于 2011-10-20 14:59:56
You can sit here in your spare time and read the carpet! It's a punch line.
sunny-pascal 发表于 2013-1-30 22:45:16
justone of those thing
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