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【同义词辨析】2020-07-02 累积cumulative-summative

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2020-9-28 14:19| 查看数: 97| 评论数: 0|

cumulative: implies a constant increase (as in amount or power) by successive addition, accretion, or repetition: the ~ effect of taking a drug for many months.   注意只有1个m       successive泛指连续,无论间隔长度         如scientific knowledge is cumulative科学知识是积累起来的          accretion增长增加,和create都来自词根CRE: to grow, to come into being


accumulative: may distinctively imply that something has reached its maximum or greatest magnitude through many additions: the ~ impact of a well-ordered sales presentation.         cumulus积云,在拉丁中表示一堆heap            又如the accumulative effects of pollution污染的累积效应,表示已经达到某种程度


additive: implies that something is capable of assimilation to or incorporation in something else OR of growth by additions: as new art forms arise, we develop an ~ notion of what art is.           additive information/samples可附加信息/可附加样本,如completely additive完全可附加性,即additional表示附加的,而additive表示""附加的,是两个词的区别


summative: implies that something is capable of association or combination with others so as to create a total effect: the ~ effect of the show's music, dancing, and staging.      没有找到summative其他例句,请参考本词例句


cumulative累积: 指逐渐持续增加增长,accumulative累积:  表示已经积累到最大程度,additive增加: 表示可以增加,无论方式,summative总体: 表示和其他因素联合结合,达到整体效果


记忆方法: 1)首字母CAAS首字母想成是ASAC尽快as soon as capable<==积                 这四个词都以后缀tive结尾,表示有某种倾向作用,又如acquisitive贪婪的imaginative富有想象力的talkative爱说话的

              2)累积的意思是增加增长mean increasing or produced by the addition of new material of the same or similar kind.



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