英语家园

 找回密码
 注册

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始

扫描二维码登录本站

快速提高英语水平本广告位招租

社区广播台

查看: 84|回复: 0
收起左侧

【同义词辨析】2019-08-13 包括include-imply

[复制链接]
发表于 2019-9-9 12:36:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
include: suggests that the thing contained forms a constituent, component, or subordinate part of a larger whole: the price of dinner ~s dessert.    (contain容纳包含,表示实际存在implies the actual presence of a specified substance or quantity within something,如the can contains about a quart of oil罐中装了一夸脱油,名词content内容) constituentcomponent都表示组成部分,constituent强调本质构成的部分essential and formative part还表示选区选民,派生词constitution宪法,component中文是组件,强调独立可分辨的部分separate and distinguishable part,如able to identify every component of his firearm他可以识别枪支的每个组件,在2018-01-19组成element-factor组中


comprehend: implies that something comes within the range or scope of a statement, definition,or concept: his notions of manners ~s more than just table etiquette.   (这里rangescope都是范围,其中range通用=extent,scope特指有限预设的范围implies a predetermined and limited area of activity that is somewhat flexible within those limits,如as time went on, the scope of the investigation widened随着时间推移,调查的范围逐渐扩大)


embrace: implies a reaching out and gathering of separate items into or within a whole: her faith ~s both Christian and non-Christian beliefs.    reach out伸手去拿


involve: suggests an entangling of a thing with awhole, often as a natural or inevitable cause or consequence: a procedural changethat will ~ more work for everyone.  entangle缠住套住if something entangles itself with another, the two things become caught together very tightly,如the blade of the oar had entangled itself with something in the water船桨的桨叶和水里的什么东西缠住了,entangle的第二个意思是involve表示牵连使卷入陷入,如he became entangled in a series of conflicts with the management 卷入了与管理层的一系列冲突之中,如she didn't want to get entangled (即emotionally involved) with him她不想与他有瓜葛)


imply: otherwise close to involve, suggests that something's presence can be inferred with more or less certainty with a hint: smoke often ~ies fire.   infer推断是reason推理的结果,表示推断"出结论"     hint暗示提示征兆迹象少许少量


include包括: 表示被包含事物构成了整体的成分组件下属,comprehend包括: 表示被包含事物属于声明定义概念范围,embrace包括采纳拥抱: 形容好像伸手收集各部分放入整体,involve涉及牵扯: 表示使牵连使卷入,有自然、难以避免的因果关系,imply必然包含、表明: 指根据迹象征兆等,可以明确无误地推断出来


记忆方法: 1)首字母ICEII 想成II ICE两块冰<==包括两块冰

              2包括的意思是使作为一部分包含在整体内mean to contain within as a part or portion of the whole.

上一篇:【词汇】Actuary
下一篇:【同义词辨析】2019-08-14 倾向incline-predispose
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则

随便看看 精彩图片 帖子导读 联系管理
快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表