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[考试] 2014年6月大学英语四级考试真题(第1套)

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[LV.5]常住居民I

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小学四年级

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发表于 2018-11-3 08:29:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2014年6月大学英语四级考试真题(第1套)

Part IWriting (30 minutes)

Directions For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write a short essay on the following question. You should write atleast 120 words but no more than 180 words.

Suppose a foreign friend of yours is coming to visit your hometown, what is the most interestingplace you would like to take him/her to see and why?

Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be askedabout what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spokenonly once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

1.A) See a doctor about her strainedshoulder.C)Replace the cupboard with a new one.

B) Use a ladder to help her reach the tea.D) Place the tea on a lower shelf next time.

2.A) At Mary Johnson’s. C)In an exhibition hall.

B) At a painter’s studio.D) Outside an art gallery.

3.A) The teacher evaluated lacksteaching experience.

B) She does not quite agree with what the man said.

C) The man had better talk with the students himself.

D)New students usually cannot offer a fair evaluation.

4.A) He helped Dorisbuild up the furniture. C)Doris fixed up some of the bookshelves.

B) Doris helped him arrange the furniture. D) He was good at assembling bookshelves.

5.A) He doesn’t get on with theothers. C) Hehas been taken for a fool.

B) He doesn’t feel at ease in the firm. D)He has found a better position.

6.A) They should finish the work assoon as possible.

B) He will continue to work in the garden himself.

C) He is tired of doing gardening on weekends.

D) They can hire a gardener to do the work.

7. A) Themanhastogetridoftheusedfurniture.

B) The man’s apartment is ready for rent.

C) The furniture is covered with lots of dust.

D)The furniture the man bought is inexpensive.

8.A) The man will give the mechanic a call.C) Thewomanisdoingsomerepairs.

B) The woman is waiting for a call.D) Themanknowsthemechanicverywell.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation youhave just heard.

9. A) Shehadajobinterviewtoattend.C) Shehadtoattendanimportantmeeting.

B) Shewasbusyfinishingherproject. D) Shewasinthemiddleofwritinganessay.

10.A) Accompany her roommate to the classroom.C) Submit her roommate’s assignment.

B) Hand in her roommate’s application form.D) Help her roommate with her report.

11.A) Where Dr. Ellis’s office is located. C) Directions to the classroom building.

B) When Dr. Ellis leaves his office. D)Dr. Ellis’s schedule for the afternoon.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation youhave just heard.

12. A) He finds it rather stressful.C) He can handle it quite well.

B) He is thinking of quitting it. D) He has to work extra hours.

13. A) The 6:00 one. C) The 7:00 one.

B) The 6:30 one.D) The 7:30 one.

14.A) It is an awful waste of time. C) The time on the train is enjoyable.

B) He finds it rather unbearable.D) It is something difficult to get usedto.

15.A) Readingnewspapers.C) Listening to the daily news.

B) Chatting with friends. D) Planning the day’s work.

Section B

Directions : In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At theend of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both thepassage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C)and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 16 to 18 are based on thepassage you have just heard.

16.A)Ignore small details while reading.

B)Read at least several chapters at one sitting.

C)Develop a habit of reading critically.

D)Get key information by reading just once or twice.

17.A) Choose one’s own system of marking.C) Make as few marks as possible.

B) Underline the key words and phrases.D) Highlight details in a red color.

18.A)By reading the textbooks carefullyagain. C) By focusing on the notes in themargins.

B) By reviewing only the marked parts. D) By comparing notes with theirclassmates.

Passage Two

Questions 19 to 21 are based on thepassage you have just heard.

19.A) The sleep a person needs varies fromday to day.

B) The amount of sleep for each person is similar.

C) One can get by with a couple of hours of sleep.

D) Everybody needs some sleep for survival.

20.A) It is a made-up story.C) It is a rare exception.

B) It is beyond cure. D) It is due to an accident.

21.A) His extraordinary physical condition. C) The unique surroundings of his livingplace.

B) His mother’s injury just before his birth.D) The rest he got from sitting in arocking chair.

Passage Three

Questions 22 to 25 are based on thepassage you have just heard.

22.A)She invested in stocks and shares onWall Street.

B) She learned to write for financial newspapers.

C) She developed a strong interest in finance.

D) She tenderly looked after her sick mother.

23. A)She made a wise investment in realestate.

B)She sold her restaurant with a substantial profit.

C)She got 7. 5 million dollars from her ex-husband.

D) She inherited a big fortune from her father.

24. A) She was extremely mean with her money.

B) She was dishonest in business dealings.

C)She frequently ill-treated her employees.

D) She abused animals including her pet dog.

25. A)She made a big fortune from wiseinvestment.

B)She built a hospital with her mother’s money.

C)She made huge donations to charities.

D)She carried on her family’s tradition.

Section C

Directions : In this section, you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for itsgeneral idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are requiredto fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, whenthepassage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

Among the kinds of social gestures most significant for second-languageteachers are those which are26 in form but different in meaning in the two cultures. For example, aColombian who wants someone to27him often signals with a hand movementin which all the fingers of one hand, cupped, point downward as they moverapidly28. Speakers of English have a similar gesture though the hand may not be cupped and the fingers may be held moreloosely, but for them the gesture means goodbye or go away, quite the29of the Colombian gesture. Again, in Colombia, aspeaker of English would have to know that when he 30 height he must choose between differentgestures depending on whether he is31a human being or an animal. If he keepsthe palm of the hand 32the floor, as he would in his own culture when making known the heightofa child, for example, he will very likely be greeted by laughter;in Colombia this gesture is 33 for the description of animals. In order to describe human beings he should keepthe palm of his hand34to the floor. Substitutions of onegesture for the other often create not only humorous but also35moments. In both of the examples above,speakers from two different cultures have the same gesture, physically, but itsmeaning differs sharply.

PartⅢReading Comprehension(40 minutes)

Section A

Directions : In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. Youare required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given ina word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully beforemaking your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Pleasemark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through thecentre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 36 to 45 are based on thefollowing passage.

Many Brazilians cannot read. In 2000, a quarter of those aged 15 andolder were functionally illiterate (文盲).Many36 do not want to. Only one literate adult in three reads books. The37Brazilian reads 1. 8 non-academic booksa year, less than half the figure in Europe and the United States. In a recent surveyof reading habits, Brazilians came 27th out of 30 countries.

Argentines, their neighbors,3818th.

The government and businesses are all struggling in different ways tochange this. On March 13 the government 39 a National Plan for Books and Reading. This seeks to boost reading, byfounding libraries and financing publishers among other things.

One discouragement to reading is that books are40. Most books have small print-runs, pushing up their price.

But Brazilians5 indifference to books has deeper roots.Centuries of slavery meant the country’s leaders long41education. Primary schooling becameuniversal only in the 1990s.

All this means Brazil’s book market has the biggest growth 42in the western world.

But reading is a difficult habit to form. Brazilians bought fewer booksin 2004, 89 million, including textbooks 43 by the government, than they did in1991. Last year the director of Brazil’s national library 44 . He complained that he had half the librarians he needed and termites (白蚁) had eaten much of the45 . That ought to be a cause for national shame.



A) average


I) normal


B) collection


J) particularly


C) distributed


K) potential


D) exhibition


L) quit


E) expensive


M) ranked


F) launched


N) simply


G) named


O) treasured


H) neglected










Section B

Directions : In this section, you are going to read a passage withten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in oneof the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived.You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with aletter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

TheTouch-Screen Generation

A)On a chilly day last spring, a few dozen developers of children’s apps(应用程序)for phones and tablets(平板电脑)gathered at an old beach resort inMonterey, California, to show off their games. The gathering was organized by Warren Buckleitner, a longtime reviewer of interactive children’s media. Buckleitner spent the breaks testing whether his ownremote-control helicopter could reach the hairs second story, while variouschildren who had come with their parents looked up in awe(敬畏)and delight. But mostly they lookeddown, at the iPads and other tablets displayed around the hall like so manyopen boxes of candy. I walked around and talked with developers, and several quoted a famous saying of Maria Montessori’s, “ The hands are the instruments of man’s intelligence.’’

B) What, really, would Maria Montessori have made of this scene? The 30 orso children here were not down at the shore poking(戳) their fingers in the sand or runningthem along stones or picking seashells. Instead they were all inside, alone or in groups of two or three, their faces a few inches from a screen, their hands doing thingsMontessori surely did not imagine.

C) In 2011, the American Academyof Pediatrics updated its policy on very young children and media. In 1999, the group had discouragedtelevision viewing for children younger than 2, citing research on braindevelopment that showed this age groups critical need for “direct interactions with parents and other significant care givers.” The updated report began by acknowledging that things had changed significantly since then. In 2006, 90% of parents said that their children younger than 2 consumed some form ofelectronic media. Nevertheless, the group took largely the same approach it didin 1999, uniformly discouraging passive media use, on any type of screen, forthese kids. (For older children, the academy noted, “high-quality programs” couldhave “educational benefits.” )The 2011 report mentioned “smart cell phone” and “new screen”technologies, but did not address interactive apps. Nor did it bring up thepossibility that has likely occurred to those 90% of American parents that some good might come from those little swiping(在电子产品上刷) fingers.

D) I had come to the developers,conference partly because I hoped that this particular set of parents,enthusiastic as they were about interactive media, might help me out of this problem, that they might offer some guiding principle for American parents whoare clearly never going to meet the academy’s ideals, and at some level do not want to. Perhaps this group would beable to express clearly some benefits of the new technology that the morecautious doctors weren’t ready to address.

E)I fell into conversation with a womanwho had helped develop Montessori Letter Sounds, an app that teaches preschoolers the Montessori methods of spelling. Shewas a former Montessori teacher and a mother of four. I myself have threechildren who are all fans of the touch screen. What games did her kids like toplay, I asked, hoping for suggestions I could take home. “ They don’t play all that much. ”

Really? Why not?

“Because I don’t allow it. We have a rule of no screen time during theweek, unless it’s clearly educational. ’’

No screen time? None at all? That seems at the outer edge ofrestrictive, even by the standards of overcontrolling parents.

“On the weekends, they can play. I give them a limit of half an hour andthen stop. Enough.”

F)Her answer so surprised me that I decidedto ask some of the other developers who were also parents what their domesticground rules for screen time were. One said only on airplanes and long carrides. Another said Wednesdays. and weekends, for half an hour. The most permissive said half an hour aday, which was about my rule at home. At one point I sat with one of thebiggest developers of e-book apps for kids, and his family. The small kid wasstarting to fuss in her high chair, so the mom stuck an iPad in front of herand played a short movie so everyone else could enjoy their lunch. When she sawme watching, she gave me the universal tense look of mothers who feel they arebeing judged. “ At home,” she assured me, “ I only let her watch movies in Spanish.’”

G) By their reactions, these parents made me understand the problem of ourage:as technology becomes almost everywhere in ourlives, American parents are becoming more, not less, distrustful of what itmight be doing to their children. Technological ability has not, for parents,translated into comfort and ease. On the one hand, parents want their childrento swim expertly in the digital stream that they will have to navigate (航行) all their lives; on the other hand, they fear that too much digital media, too early,will sink them. Parents end up treating tablets as precision surgical (外科的)instruments, devices that might perform miracles for their child’s IQ and help him win some great robotics competition——but only if theyare used just so. Otherwise, their child could end up one of those sad, palecreatures who can^ make eye contact and has a girlfriend who lives only in thevirtual world.

H) Norman Rockwell, a 20th-century artist, never painted BoySwiping Finger on Screen, and our own vision of a perfect childhood has never been adjusted toaccommodate that now-common scene. Add to that our modem fear that everyparenting decision may have lasting consequences—that every minute ofenrichment lost or mindless entertainment indulged(放纵的)will add up to some permanent handicap(障碍)in the future—and you have deep guilt and confusion. To date, no body ofresearch has proved that the iPad will make your preschooler smarter or teachher to speak Chinese, or alternatively that it will rust her nervous system—thedevice has been out for only three years, not much more than the time it takessome academics to find funding and gather research subjects. So what is aparent to do?

46. The author attended the conference, hoping to find some guiding principlesfor parenting in the electronic age.

47. American parents are becoming more doubtful about the benefitstechnology is said to bring to their children.

48. Some experts believe that human intelligence develops by the use ofhands.

49. The author found a former Montessori teacher exercising strict controlover her kids, screen time.

50. Research shows interaction with people is key to babies,brain development.

51. So far there has been no scientific proof of the educational benefits ofiPads.

52. American parents worry that overuse of tablets will create problems withtheir kids, interpersonal relationships.

53. The author expected developers of children’s apps to specify the benefits of the new technology.

54. The kids at the gathering were more fascinated by the iPads than by thehelicopter.

55. The author permits her children to use the screen for at most half anhour a day.

Section C

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For eachof them there are four choices marked A),B),, C) and D).You should decide on the best choiceand mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 56 to 60 are based on thefollowing passage.

When young women were found to make only 82 percent of what their malepeers do just one year out of college, many were at a loss to explain it.

All the traditional reasons put forward to interpret the pay gap—thatwomen fall behind when they leave the workforce to raise kids, for example, orthat they don’t seek as many management roles— failed to justify this one. These youngwomen didn’t have kids yet. And because they were just one year removed from theirundergraduate degrees, few of these women yet had the chance to go after (muchless decline) leadership roles.

But there are other reasons why the pay gap remains so persistent. The firstis that no matter how many women may be getting college degrees, the universityexperience is still an unequal one. The second is that our higher educationsystem is not designed to focus on the economic consequences of our students, years on campus.

Now that women are the majority ofcollege students and surpass men in both the number of undergraduate andadvanced degrees awarded, one might think the college campus is a pretty equalplace. It is not. Studies show that while girls do better than boys in highschool, they start to trail off during their college years. They enroll indifferent kinds of classes, tend to major in less rigorous(非常严格的)subjects, andgenerally head off with less ambitious plants.

As a result, it’s not surprising that even the best educated young women enter theworkplace with a slight disadvantage. Their college experience leaves themsomewhat confused, still stumbling(栽倒) over the dilemmas their grandmothers, generation sought to destroy. Are theysupposed to be pretty or smart? Strong or sexy(性感的)? All their lives, today’s young women have been pushed to embrace both perfection andpassion—to pursue science and sports, math and theater—and do it all as well asthey possibly can. No wonder they are not negotiating for higher salaries assoon as they get out of school. They are too exhausted, and too scared offailing.

56.Traditionally, it is believed that women earn less than men because .

A)they have failed to take as many rigorous courses

B) they do not feel as fit for management roles

C) they feel obliged to take care of their kids at home

D) they do not exhibit the needed leadership qualities

57.What does the author say about America’s higher education system?

A)It does not offer specific career counseling to women.

B) It does not consider its economic impact on graduates.

C) It does not take care of women students’ special needs.

D) It does not encourage women to take rigorous subjects.

58.What does the author say about today’s college experience?

A) It is different for male and female students.

B) It is not the same as that of earlier generations.

C) It is more exhausting than most women expect.

D) It is not so satisfying to many American students.

59.What does the author say about women students in college?

A)They have no idea how to bring out their best.

B) They drop a course when they find it too rigorous.

C) They are not as practical as men in choosing courses.

D) They don5t perform as well as they did in high school.

60.How does the author explain the pay gap between men and women fresh fromcollege?

A)Women are too worn out to be ambitious.

B) Women are not ready to take management roles.

C) Women are caught between career and family.

D) Women are not good at negotiating salaries.

Passage Two

Questions 61 to 65 are based on thefollowing passage.

Reading leadership literature, you’d sometimes think that everyone has the potential to be an effectiveleader.

I don’t believe that to be true. In fact, I see way fewer trulyeffective leaders than I see people stuck in positions of leadership who aresadly incompetent and seriously misguided about their own abilities.

Part of the reason this happens is alack of honest self-assessment by those who aspireto(追求)leadership in the first place.

We’ve all met the type of individual whosimply must take charge. Whether it’s a decision-making session, a basketballgame, or a family outing, they can’t help grabbing the lead dog position and clinging on to it for dearlife. They believe they’ve natural born leaders.

Truth is, they’re nothing of the sort. True leaders don^ assume that ifs their divine (神圣的) right to take charge every time two or more people get together. Quitethe opposite. A great leader will assess each situation on its merits, and willonly take charge when their position, the situation, and/or the needs of themoment demand it.

Many business executives confuse leadership with action. They believethat constant motion somehow generates leadership as a byproduct. Faced withany situation that can’t be solved by the sheer force of activity, theygenerate a dust cloud of impatience. Their one leadership tool is volume: if they think you aren’t working as hard as they think you should, their demands becomeincreasingly louder and harsher.

True leaders understand the value of action, of course, but it isn’t their only tool. In fact, it isn’t even their primary tool. Great leaders seemore than everyone else answers, solutions, patterns, problems,opportunities. They know it’s vitally important to do, but they also know that thinking, understanding, reflection and interpretation are equally important.

If you’re too concerned with outcomes to the extent that you manipulate andintimidate others to achieve those outcomes, then you aren’t leading at all, you’re dictating. A true leader is someone who develops his or her team sothat they canand do hit their targets and achieve their goals.

61.What does the author think of the leaders he knows?

A)Many of them are used to taking charge.

B) Few of them are equal to their positions.

C) Many of them fail to fully develop their potential.

D) Few of them are familiar with leadership literature.

62.Why are some people eager to grab leadership positions?

A) They believe they have the natural gift to lead.

B) They believe in what leadership literature says.

C) They have proved competent in many situations.

D) They derive great satisfaction from being leaders.

63.What characterizes a great leader according to the author?

A) Being able to take prompt action when chances present themselves.

B) Having a whole-hearted dedication to their divine responsibilities.

C) Having a full understanding of their own merits and weaknesses.

D) Being able to assess the situation carefully before taking charge.

64.How will many business executives respond when their command fails togenerate action?

A)They reassess the situation athand.C) They resort to any toolavailable.

B)They become impatient and rude.D) They blame their team members.

65.What is the author’s advice to leaders?

A)Concentrate on one specific task at a time.

B) Use different tools to achieve different goals.

C) Build up a strong team to achieve their goals.

D) Show determination when faced with tough tasks.

Part IV Translation(30 minutes)

Directions : For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write youranswer on Answer Sheet 2.

中国应进一步发展核能,因为核电目前只占其总发电量的2%。该比例在所有核国家中居第30位,几乎是最低的。

2011年3月日本核电站事故后,中国的核能开发停了下来,中止审批新的核电站,并开展全国性的核安全检查。到2012年10月,审批才又谨慎地恢复。

随着技术和安全措施的改进,发生核事故的可能性完全可以降到最低程度鈐换句话说,核能是可以安全开发和利用的。

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