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[考试] 2014年6月大学英语四级考试真题(第2套)

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汇报天数: 31 天

连续汇报: 11 天

[LV.5]常住居民I

积分排名 709

小学三年级

Rank: 4Rank: 4

发表于 2018-11-3 08:27:30 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2014年6月大学英语四级考试真题(第2套)

PartIWriting(30 minutes)

Directions : For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write a short essay on the following question. You should write atleast 120 words but no more than 180 words.

Supposea foreign friend of yours is coming to visit your campus, what is the mostinteresting place you would like to take him/her to see and why?

PartIIListening Comprehension(30 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 shortconversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be askedabout what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spokenonly once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letteron Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

1. A)They came in five different colors. C) They were a very gooddesign.

B) They were good value for money.D)They were sold out very quickly.

2.A)Ask her roommate not to speak loudly onthe phone.

B)Ask her roommate to make her phone calls outside.

C)Go and find a quieter place to review her lessons.

D)Report her problem to the dorm management.

3. A) The washing machine is totally beyondrepair.

B) He will help Wendy prepare her annual report.

C) Wendy should give priority to writing her report.

D)The washing machine should be checked annually.

4. A)The man fell down when removing thepainting.

B) The wall will be decorated with a new painting.

C) The woman likes the painting on the wall.

D)The painting is now being refrained.

5. A)Itmust be missing. C) The man took it to the market.

B) It was left in the room. D) She placed it on the dressing table.

6. A)Go to a play. C) Book some tickets.

B) Meet Janet. D) Have a get-together.

7. A)One box of books is found missing. C) Replacements have to be ordered.

B) Some of the boxes arrived too late.D) Some of the books are damaged.

8.A) The man will pick up Professor Johnson at heroffice.

B) The man did not expect his paper to be graded so soon.

C) Professor Johnson has given the man a very high grade.

D)Professor Johnson will talk to each student in her office.

Questions9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9.A)To buy a present for his friend who is getting married.

B) To find out the cost for a complete set of cookware.

C) To see what he could ask his friends to buy for him.

D)To make inquiries about the price of an electric cooker.

10. A)To teach him how to use thekitchenware.

B) To discuss cooking experiences with him.

C) To tell him how to prepare delicious dishes.

D) To recommend suitable kitchenware to him.

11. A) There are so many different sorts of knives.

B) Cooking devices are such practical presents.

C) A mixer can save so much time in making cakes.

D) Saucepans and frying pans are a must in the kitchen.

Questions12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. A) Somenew problems in her work.C)Herchance for promotion in the bank.

B) Cooperation with aninternational bank. D)Herintention to leave her present job.

13. A)TheWorld Bank. C) A USfinance corporation.

B) Bank of Washington. D)An investment bank in New York.

14. A) Supervising financial transactions.

B) Taking charge of public relations.

C) Making loans to private companies in developing countries.

D) Offering service to international companies in the United States.

15. A)It is a first major step to realizingthe woman’s dream.

B) It is an honor for the woman and her present employer.

C) It is a loss for her current company.

D) It is really beyond his expectation.

SectionB

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 shortpassages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both thepassage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B),C),and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16.A) Carry out a thorough checkup.C) Keep extra gas in reserve.

B) Try to keep the gas tank full. D)Fill up thewater tank.

17.A) Attempting to leave your car to seekhelp. C) Runningthe engine every now and then.

B) Opening a window a bit to let in freshair. D) Keepingthe heater on for a long time.

18. A) It exhausts you physically.C) Itcauses you to lose body heat.

B) It makes you fall asleep easily. D) It consumes too much oxygen.

Passage Two

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage youhave just heard.

19. A) They are very generous in giving gifts. C) They regard gifts as atoken of friendship.

B) They refuse gifts when doingbusiness.D) They givegifts only on special occasions.

20. A) Theyenjoy giving gifts to other people. C)They have to follow many specific rules.

B) Theyspend a lot of time choosing gifts. D)They pay attention to the quality of gifts.

21A)Gift-giving plays an important role in human relationships.

B) We mustbe aware of cultural differences in giving gifts.

C) We mustlearn how to give gifts before going abroad.

D) Readingextensively makes one a better gift-giver.

Passage Three

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage youhave just heard.

22. A) Itreflects American peopled view of French politics.

B) It isfirst published in Washington and then in Paris.

C)It explains American politics tothe French public.

D) It ispopular among French government officials.

23. A)Work on her column.C) Entertain her guests.

B) Dohousework at home. D)Go shopping downtown.

24. A)To report to her newspaper.C) Tovisit her parents.

B) Torefresh her French.D) To meet her friends.

25. A) She might be recalled to France. C) Shemight close her Monday column.

B) Shemight change her profession.D) Shemight be assigned to a new post.

SectionC

Directions: In this section, you will hear apassage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you shouldlisten carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the secondtime, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you havejust heard. Finally, when thepassage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

According to American law, if someone is accused ofa crime, he is considered 26 until the court proves the person isguilty.

To arrest a person, the police have to be reasonably surethat a crime has been 27 . The police must give the suspect thereasons why they are arresting him and tell him his rights under the law. Thenthe police take the suspect to the police station, where the name of the personand the 28 against him are formally listed.

The next step is for the suspect to gobefore a judge. The judge decides whether the suspect should be kept in jail or29. If the suspect has no previouscriminal record and the judge feels that he will return to court30 run away, he can go free. Otherwise,the suspect must put up bail (保释金). At this time, too, the judge will31a court lawyer to defend the suspect ifhe can’t afford one.

The suspect returns to court a week or two later. Alawyer from the district attorney’s office presents a case against the suspect.The attorney may present32as well as witnesses. The judge thendecides whether there is enough reason to33 .

The American justice system is very complex andsometimes operates slowly. However, every step is34 to protect the rights of the people.These individual rights are the35 of the American government.

PartⅢReading Comprehension (40 minutes)

SectionA

Directions : In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. Youare required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given ina word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in thebank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for eachitem on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through thecentre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions36 to 45 are based on the following passage.

Global warming is a trend toward warmerconditions around the world. Part of the warming is natural; we have experienced a 20,000-year-longwarming as the last ice age ended and the ice36away. However, we have already reachedtemperatures that are in37 with other minimum-ice periods, socontinued warming is likely not natural. We are 38 to a predicted worldwide increase intemperatures 39 between 1 ℃ and 6 ℃ over the next 100years. The warming will be more40 in some areas, less in others, and someplaces may even cool off. Likewise, the 41of this warming will be very differentdepending on where you are—coastal areas must worry about rising sea levels,while Siberia and northern Canada may become more habitable (宜居的) and 42 for humans than these areas are now.

The fact remains, however, that it willlikely get warmer, on 43 , everywhere. Scientists are in general agreement that the warmerconditions we have been experiencing are at least in part the result of ahuman-induced global warming trend. Some scientists44 that the changes we are seeing fall within therange of random (无规律的)variation—some years are cold, otherswarm, and we have just had an unremarkable string of warm years45 —but that is becoming an increasinglyrare interpretation in the face of continued and increasing warm conditions.



A) appealing


I) melted


B) average


J) persist


C) contributing


K) ranging


D) dramatic


L) recently


E) frequently


M) resolved


F) impact


N) sensible


G) line


O) shock


H) maintain








SectionB

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it Eachstatement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify theparagraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraphmore than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions bymarking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

The End of the Book?

A)Amazon, by far the largest booksellerin the country, reported on May 19 that it is now selling more books in itselectronic Kindle format than in the old paper-and-ink format. That isremarkable, considering that the Kindle has only been around for four years.E-books now account for 14 percent of all book sales in this country and areincreasing far faster than overall book sales. E-book sales are up 146 percentover last year, while hardback sales increased 6percent and paperbacks decreased 8 percent.

B)Does this spell the doom of thephysical book? Certainly not immediately, and perhaps not at all. What it doesmean is that the book business will go through a transformation in the nextdecade or so more profound than any it has seen since Gutenberg introducedprinting from moveable type in the 1450s.

C)Physical books will surely become muchrarer in the marketplace. Mass market paperbacks, which have been declining foryears anyway, will probably disappear, as will hardbacks for mysteries, thrillers, “romance fiction,” etc. Such books,which only rarely end up in permanent collections, either private orpublic, will probably only be available as e-books within a few years. Hardbackand trade paperbacks for “serious” nonfiction and fiction will surely last longer. Perhaps it will becomethe mark of an author to reckon with that he or she is still published in hardcopy.

D) As for children’s books, who knows?Children’s books are like dog food in that the purchasers are not theconsumers, so the market (and the marketing) is inherently strange.

E)For clues to the book’s future, let’s look at some examples oftechnological change and see what happened to the old technology.

F)One technology replaces another onlybecause the new technology is better, cheaper, or both. The greater thedifference, the sooner and more thoroughly the new technology replaces the old.Printing with moveable type on paper dramatically reduced the cost of producinga book compared with the old-fashioned ones handwritten on vellum, which comesfrom sheepskin. A Bible—to be sure, a long book—required vellum made from 300sheepskins and countless man-hours of labor. Before printing arrived, a Biblecost more than a middle-class house. There were perhaps 50,000 books in all of Europe in 1450. By 1500 there were 10 million.

G) But while printing quickly caused thehandwritten book to die out, handwriting lingered on (继续存在)well into the 16th century. Very special books are still occasionallyproduced on vellum, but they are one-of-a-kind show pieces.

H)Sometimes a new technology doesn’t drive the old one out, but only partsof it while forcing the rest to evolve. The movies were widely predicted todrive live theater out of the marketplace, but they didn’t, because theater turned out to havequalities movies could not reproduce. Equally, TV was supposed to replacemovies but, again, did not.

I) Movies did, however, fatally impact some parts of live theater. Andwhile TV didn’t kill movies, it did kill second-rate pictures, shorts, and cartoons.

J) Nor did TV kill radio. Comedy and drama shows (“Jack Benny, “Amos andAndy, “The Shadow”) all migrated to television. But because you can’t drive a car and watch television atthe same time, rush hour became radio’s prime time, while music, talk, and newsradio greatly enlarged their audiences. Radio is today a very differentbusiness than in the late 1940s and a much larger one.

K)Sometimes old technology lingers forcenturies because of its symbolic power. Mounted cavalry (骑兵)replaced thechariot(二轮战车)on the battlefield around 1000 BC. Butchariots maintained their place in parades and triumphs right up until the end of the RomanEmpire 1,500 years later. The sword hasn’t had a military function for ahundred years, but is still part of an officer’s full- dress uniform, precisely because a sword alwayssymbolized “ an officer and a gentleman.’’

L) Sometimes new technology is a little cranky(不稳定的)at first. Television repairman was a common occupation in the 1950s, forinstance. And so the old technology remains as a backup. Steamships capturedthe North Atlantic passenger business fromsail in the 1840s because of its much greater speed. But steamships didn’t lose their sails until the 1880s,because early marine engines had a nasty habit of breaking down. Until shipsbecame large enough (and engines small enough) to mount two engines side byside, they needed to keep sails. (The highcost of steam and the lesser need for speed kept the majority of the world’s ocean freight moving by sail untilthe early years of the 20th century.)

M) Then there is the fireplace. Centralheating was present in every upper- and middle-class home by the second half ofthe 19th century. But functioning fireplaces remain to this day a powerfulselling point in a house or apartment. I suspect the reason is a deep-rooted loveof fire. Fire was one of the earliest major technological advances forhumankind, providing heat, protection, and cooked food (which is much easier toeat and digest). Human control of fire goes back far enough (over a millionyears) that evolution could have produced a genetic leaning towards fire as acentral aspect of human life.

N)Books—especially books theaverage person could afford—haven’t been around long enough to produceevolutionary change in humans. But they have a powerful hold on many peoplenonetheless, a hold extending far beyond their literary content. At their best, they areworks of art and there is a tactile (触觉的)pleasure in books necessarily lost ine-book versions. The ability to quickly thumb through pages is also lost. And aroom with books in it induces, at least in some, a feeling not dissimilar tothat of a fire in the fireplace on a cold winter’s night.

O) For these reasons I think physical books will have a longer existence asa commercial product than some currently predict. Like swords, books havesymbolic power. Like fireplaces, they induce a sense of comfort and warmth. And, perhaps, similar to sails, they make a useful backup for when thelights go out.

46.Authors still published in printedversions will be considered important ones.

47.Some people are still in favor ofprinted books because of the sense of touch they can provide.

48.The radio business has changed greatlyand now attracts more listeners.

49.Contrary to many peopled prediction ofits death, the film industry survived.

50.Remarkable changes have taken place inthe book business.

51.Old technology sometimes continues toexist because of its reliability.

52.The increase of e-book sales will forcethe book business to make changes not seen for centuries.

53.A new technology is unlikely to takethe place of an old one without a clear advantage.

54.Paperbacks of popular literature aremore likely to be replaced by e-books.

55. A house with a fireplace has a stronger appeal to buyers.

SectionC

Directions : There are 2 passages in this section.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For eachof them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choiceand mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

PassageOne

Questions56 to 60 are based on the following passage.

The question ofwhether our government should promote science and technology or the liberalarts in higher education isn’t an either/or proposition (命题), although the current emphasis on preparing young Americans for STEM(science, technology, engineering, maths)-related fields can make it seem thatway.

The latest congressional report acknowledges thecritical importance of technical training, but also asserts that the study ofthehumanities (人文学科)and social sciences must remain centralcomponents of America’s educational system at all levels. Both areas arecritical to producing citizens who can participate effectively in ourdemocratic society, become innovative(创新的)leaders, and benefit from the spiritual enrichmentthat the reflection on the great ideas of mankind over time provides.

Parents andstudents who have invested heavily in higher education worry about graduates,job prospects as technological advances and changes in domestic and globalmarkets transform professions in ways that reduce wages and cut jobs. Underthese circumstances, it’s natural to look for what may appear to be themost “practical” way out of the problem: “Major in a subject designed to getyou a job” seems the obvious answer to some,though this ignores the fact that many disciplines in the humanitiescharacterized as “soft” often, in fact, lead to employment andsuccess in the long run. Indeed, according to surveys, employers have expresseda preference for students who have received a broadly-based education that hastaught them to write well, think critically, research creatively, andcommunicate easily.

Moreover, students should be preparednot just for their first job, but for their 4th and 5th jobs, as there’s little reason to doubt that peopleentering the workforce today will be called upon to play many different rolesover the course of their careers. The ones who will do the best in this newenvironment will be those whose educations haveprepared them to be flexible. The abilityto draw upon every available tool and insight—picked upfrom science, arts, and technology—to solve the problems of the future, andtake advantage of the opportunities that present themselves, will be helpful tothem and the United States.

56. What does the latest congressionalreport suggest?

A)STEM-related subjects help students find jobs in the informationsociety.

B)The humanities and STEM subjects should be given equal importance.

C)The liberal arts in higher education help enrich students’ spiritual life.

D)Higher education should be adjusted to the practical needs of society.

57. What is the main concern of studentswhen they choose a major?

A)Their interest in relevant subjects. C) The quality of education to receive.

B)The academic value of the courses. D) Their chances of getting a good job.

58. What does the author say about theso-called soft subjects?

A) They benefit students in their future life.

B) They broaden students’ range of interests.

C) They improve students’ communication skills.

D)They are essential to students’ healthy growth.

59. What kind of job applicants doemployers look for?

A)Those who have a strong sense of responsibility.

B)Those who are good at solving practical problems.

C)Those who are likely to become innovative leaders.

D)Those who have received a well-rounded education.

60. What advice does the author give tocollege students?

A)Seize opportunities to tap their potential. C) Prepare themselves fordifferent job options.

B)Try to take a variety of practical courses.D) Adopt a flexibleapproach to solving problems.

PassageTwo

Questions61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

Energyindependence. It has a nice ring to it, doesn’t it? If you think so, you’re not alone, because energyindependence has been the dream of American presidents for decades, and nevermore so than in the past few years, when the most recent oil price shock hasbeen partly responsible for kicking off the great recession.

“Energy independence” and its rhetorical(修辞的)companion “energy security” are, however, slippery concepts that are rarelythought through. What is it we want independence from, exactly?

Most peoplewould probably say that they want to be independent from imported oil. Butthere are reasons that we buy all that oil from elsewhere.

The first reason is that we need it to keep oureconomy running. Yes, there is a trickle(涓涓细流)ofbiofuel(生物燃料)available, and more may becomeavailable, but most biofuels cause economic waste and environmental destruction.

Second,Americans have basically decided that they don’t really want to produce all their ownoil. They value the environmental quality they preserve over their oil importsfrom abroad. Vast areas of the UnitedStates are off-limits to oil exploration andproduction in the name of environmental protection. To what extent areAmericans really willing to endure the environmental impacts of domestic energyproduction in order to cut back imports?

Third, thereare benefits to trade. It allows for economic efficiency, and when we buythings from places that have lower production costs than we do, we benefit. Andalthough you don’t read about this much, the United States is also a largeexporter of oil products, selling about 2 million barrels of petroleum productsper day to about 90 countries.

There is noquestion that the UnitedStates imports a great deal of energy and,in fact, relies on that steady flow to maintain its economy. When that flow isinterrupted, we feel the pain in short supplies and higher prices. At the sametime, we derive massive economic benefits when we buy the most affordableenergy on the world market and when we engage in energy trade around the world.

61.What does the author say about energy independence for America?

A) It sounds very attractive. C) It will bringoil prices down.

B)It ensures national security.D)It has long been everyone’s dream.

62.What does the author think of biofuels?

A) They keep America’s economy running healthily.

B) They prove to be a good alternative to petroleum.

C) They do not provide a sustainable energy supply.

D) They cause serious damage to the environment.

63.Why does America rely heavily onoil imports?

A)It wants to expand its storage of crude oil.

B) Its own oil reserves are quickly running out.

C) It wants to keep its own environment intact.

D) Its own oil production falls short of demand.

64.What does the author say about oil trade?

A)It proves profitable to both sides. C) It makesfor economic prosperity.

B)It improves economic efficiency.D) Itsaves the cost of oil exploration.

65.What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?

A)To justify America’s dependence on oilimports.

B) To arouse Americans’ awareness of the energy crisis.

C) To stress the importance of energy conservation.

D) To explain the increase of international oil trade.

PartIV Translation(30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write youranswer on Answer Sheet 2.

中国教育工作者早就认识到读书对于国家的重要意义。有些教育工作者2003年就建议设立全民读书日。他们强调,人们应当读好书,尤其是经典著作。通过阅读,人们能更好地学会感恩、有责任心和与人合作,而教育的目的正是要培养这些基本素质。阅读对于中小学生尤为重要,假如他们没有在这个关键时期培养阅读的兴趣,以后要养成阅读的习惯就很难了。

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