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【同义词辨析】 2017-08-24 类型type-sort

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2018-1-24 00:24| 查看数: 897| 评论数: 0|

type: may suggest strong and clearly marked similarity throughout the items included so that the distinctiveness of the group is obvious: one of three basic body ~s.       如racial/blood/contract/tank types/血/合同/坦克类型,如the Type-003 aircraft carrier是003航母,如she mixes with all types of people和各种类型的人打交道,可见type最通用          similarity, resemblance,和likeness这里都泛指相似,没有区别


kind: may be indefinite and involve any criterion
of classification whatever: that ~ of ice-cream; or may suggest  natural and inherent criteria: a zoo with animals of every ~.   


sort: often close to kind, may suggest a note of disparagement: the ~ of newspaper dealing in sensational stories.     表示不好的、不喜欢的一类事物,应该用sort,如all sorts of troubles/problems各麻烦/问题,如本例,那煽情的报纸                 to deal in买卖经营


nature: may imply inherent
, essential resemblance rather than obvious, superficial likeness: two problems of a similar ~.       inherent内在的固有的essential本质的必不可少的    don't worry about things of that nature别担心那事情, 本例: 两个问题本质上属于同一类


ilk: may suggest grouping on the basis of status, attitude, or temperament: synics of that ~.     temperament性情,是指天生的性格


description: implies a group marked by agreements in all details of a type
as described or defined: not all individuals of that ~ are truly psychotic.    精神病患者,不要和psycho精神变态者混淆


character: stresses the distinguishing and individualizing criteria that mark the group: a society with little of the ~ of an advanced culture.


type类型: 十分通用,表示同类成员强烈相似
与其他显著不同,  kind种类: 分类标准较随意(任何标准), 没有type严格明确常表示自然事物的分类,  sort种类: 同kind,但有事暗含贬义, nature(本质)类型: 指本质内在固有相似的一类事物,而表面相似, ilk(人的)类型: 指具有相似地位态度性格的一类人, description(描述的)类型: 指符合某一描述的类型, character品格: 指具有特有特征(distinguish, individualize区分辨别)的类型


记忆方法: 1)首字母TKSNIDC重组成Ti Cai和KINDS题材种类<==类型

               
2)练习一下     

               3)类型的意思是具有共同属性
个体集合mean a number of individuals thought of as a group because of a common quality or qualities.首字母TKSNIDC重组成Ti Cai和KINDS题材种类<==类型



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