发布者: ilovesunny | 发布时间: 2009-3-31 11:26| 查看数: 1690| 评论数: 1|

Night work cancer theory prompts compensation fears

Governments and employers worldwide are set to face pressure for compensation and changes to working patterns following research suggesting night shift work may cause cancer.Cancer patients' groups, researchers and trade unions are studying evidence of the link after Denmark's National Injuries Board approved compensation of up to DKr1m ($181,000, €134,000, £123,000) for 38 women who developed breast cancer after working one or more nights a week for at least 20 years.A review of recent studies by the International Agency for Research on Cancer concluded that night work disrupted the body's circadian rhythms, inhibiting the production of melatonin, a hormone important in fighting cancer. “Shift work that involves circadian disruption is probably carcinogenic to humans,” it concluded, putting the risk at the same level as chemicals containing lead, anabolic steroids, creosote, diesel exhaust and sun lamps.Ahead of the full IARC findings to be published later this year, Australia's National Breast and Ovarian Cancer Centre cautioned that some studies indicated a “small increase in breast cancer risk . . . in limited groups of women . . . after 20 years or more of shift work”, findings were inconsistent and some “open to questions of bias and confounding”.But Grete Christensen, deputy president of the Danish Nurses' Organisation, seven of whose members won compensation, said: “Now you can be compensated for working night shifts just as if you were working with poisonous chemicals in some factory.”Other European countries including the Netherlands, Belgium and the UK are also examining looking at the link between night work and breast cancer and may move to granting compensation.The Cancer Society of Finland said a forthcoming study on work and cancer in Nordic countries would add to the evidence of a link between shift work and breast cancer in both men and women.Up to a fifth of employees in Europe and the US work shifts including nights. More than 30 per cent work at night in healthcare, manufacturing, mining, transport, communication and the leisure and hospitality sectors.“There is sufficient evidence that night work is causing damage to men's and women's health,” says Laurent Vogel, director of the health and safety department of the European Trade Union Confederation's Institute. “The point is to limit night work to social or technical reasons . . . [not] just for reasons of profitability.”Denmark's injuries board looked at 75 cases last year and approved compensation in 38. The board said it might recognise night working as an occupational disease once the full IARC report was published, speeding up approval of pay-outs.The board's decision has already prompted some Danish employers to change policy. SAS, the leading Scandinavian airline, took action when one of its Danish stewardesses won compensation for developing breast cancer after more than 20 years of long-haul flights. “We have given our crew members the option of not flying long haul if they are not comfortable doing that,” SAS said.


ilovesunny 发表于 2009-3-31 11:27:00

丹麦国家伤害委员会(National Injuries Board)批准给予38位患乳癌的妇女最高100万丹麦克朗(合18.1万美元)的补偿,这些妇女在至少20年内,每周上一个或多个晚上的夜班。目前,癌症患者团体、研究人员和工会纷纷着手研究二者的关联。



丹麦护士组织(Danish Nurses' Organisation)副主任格瑞特•克里斯腾森(Grete Christensen)表示:“如今你可以因上夜班获得补偿,就如同在某些工厂中与有毒化学物质为伍一样。”该组织有7名成员获得了补偿。


芬兰癌症协会(Cancer Society of Finland)表示,一份研究北欧国家工作与癌症关系的报告即将发表,将提供更多证据,说明轮班工作与乳癌之间存在关联,不管是男性还是女性。


“有充分证据表明,夜班工作对人体健康有害,无论男性还是女性。”欧洲工会联合会研究所(ETUI-REHS)安全卫生部主任洛朗•沃格尔(Laurent Vogel)表示:“关键是从社会或技术的角度减少夜班……而不仅仅是从盈利角度考虑。”


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