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Lesson 3 Please send me a card 请给我寄一张明信片

发布者: 雪狼 | 发布时间: 2006-4-24 16:16| 查看数: 57045| 评论数: 64|

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Lesson 3Please send me a card请给我寄一张明信片

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

How many cards did the writer send?

Postcards always spoil my holidays. Last summer, I went to Italy. I visited museums and sat in public gardens. A friendly waiter taught me a few words of Italian. Then he lent me a book. I read a few lines, but I did not understand a word. Everyday I thought about postcards. My holidays passed quickly, but I did not send cards to my friends. On the last day I made a big decision. I got up early and bought thirty-seven cards. I spent the whole day in my room, but I did not write a single card!

send  [send]   v. 寄,送

postcard  [ˈpəustkɑ:d]   n. 明信片

spoil  [spɔil]   v. 使索然无味,损坏

museum  [mju:ˈziəm]   n. 博物馆

public  [ˈpʌblik]   adj. 公共的

friendly  [ˈfrendli]   adj. 友好的

waiter  [ˈweitə]   n. 服务员,招待员

lend  [lend]   v. 借给

decision  [diˈsiʒən]   n. 决定

whole  [həul]   adj. 整个的

single  [ˈsiŋɡl]   adj. 唯一的,单一的

明信片总搅得我假日不得安宁。去年夏天,我去了意大利。我参观了博物馆,还去了公园。一位好客的服务员教了我几句意大利语,之后还借给我一本书。我读了几行,但一个字也不懂。我每天都想着明信片的事。假期过得真快,可我还没有给我的朋友们寄过一张明信片。到了最后一天,我作出了一项重大决定。我早早起了床,买来了37张明信片。我在房间里关了整整一天。然而竟连一张明信片也没写成!

课堂笔记:

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.A friendly waiter taught me a few words of Italian. 一位好客的服务员教了我几句意大利语。

(1)虽然friendly是以-ly结尾,在拼法上与许多副词一样,但它却是形容词:

He always greets me in a friendly way.

他总是亲切地和我打招呼。

She gave me a friendly greeting.

她友好地和我打了一下招呼。

He is not very friendly to John.

他对约翰不太友善。

类似的形容词有: brotherly, fatherly, manly, lovely, motherly 等。

(2)a few可与复数可数名词连用,表示肯定,含有some, a small number of(一些,少数几个)的意思:

The police would like to ask him a few questions.

警察要问他一些问题。

Mother is coming in a few days.

妈妈过几天就要来了。

2.Then he lent me a book. 之后还借给我一本书。

像send, buy, give等动词一样,lend可以有两个宾语:一个直接宾语(通常指物),一个间接宾语(通常指人)。(cf. 本课语法)在这句话中,lend的直接宾语为a book,间接宾语为me。

Would you lend me your pen?

能把你的笔借我用一下吗?

Yesterday I lent my dictionary to Mary.

昨天我把字典借给了玛丽。

3.…but I did not understand a word.……但一个字也不懂。not…a的否定意义比单用not要强。课文的最后一句加了single”,语气更强。试比较:

4.Every day I thought about postcards. 我每天都想着明信片的事。

think about可以指某一段时间一直在想/考虑某事:

I often think about the lovely holiday we had last year.

我经常回想我们去年度过的愉快的假期。

What are you thinking about?

你在想什么?

I'm thinking about my friends.

我在想我的朋友们。

5.make a big decision, 作出一项重大决定。

make/take a decision, 作出决定。这是个常用的词语搭配,可以灵活使用:

It was not easy for me to make/ take this decision.

对我来说作出这项决定并不容易。

You have made/taken a wrong decision.

你作出了个错误的决定。

Have you made/taken a decision?

你决定了吗?

6.I spent the whole day in my room…我在房间里关了整整一天……

(1)spend与表示时间的词/短语连用时,意思为“花(时间)”、“度过”:

We're going to spend three days in the country.

我们打算到乡下去3天。

spend还可以表示“花钱”:

If we spend all the money, we'll be poor again.

如果我们把所有的钱都花光了,我们又会变穷的。

I can't spend any more on this car.

我不能再为这车花钱了。

(2)whole表示“整整的”、“整个的”:

a whole year一整年

a whole bottle of milk一整瓶牛奶

two whole weeks整整两星期

语法 Grammar in use

1.一般过去时 (The simple past tense) 与一般现在时

上一课的语法提到一般现在时可以表示习惯性或经常性的动作。在用一般现在时询问有关习惯的问题时可用ever。

一般过去时通常表示过去发生的而现在已经结束的事件、动作或情况。它通常指动作何时发生,而不指动作持续多久。因此,过去时与表明事情何时发生的状语连用是非常重要的。

像last summer, last winter, last week, last night等这类状语只能与过去时连用,不能与现在时连用,因为它们确指过去的时间。

2.直接宾语 (Direct object) 与间接宾语 ( Indiret object)

许多及物动词后可以有两个宾语,直接宾语通常是动作所涉及的事物,间接宾语表示动作是对谁做的或为谁做的,通常是人。这类动词有give, show, send, bring, lend, tell, return, write, pay, teach, make, buy, find等。通常间接宾语在前,紧跟动词;不过,如想要强调直接宾语,也可将它置于动词之后、间接宾语之前。这时,间接宾语之前则必须用介词to或for:

词汇学习 Word study

1.spoil vt.

(1)弄坏,损坏,糟蹋:

The sad news spoiled our weekend.

这不幸的消息使我们没能过好周末。

The rain spoiled the school sports.

这场雨把学校运动会弄得一团糟。

(2)宠坏,惯坏,溺爱:

Julie loves her son too much. She has spoiled him.

朱莉太爱她的儿子了。她把他惯坏了。

Don't spoil your children.

不能太惯孩子。

2.public

(1)adj. 公共的,公众的,社会的:

There is a public library in this town.

这镇上有一个公共图书馆。

I always sit in public gardens on Sundays.

星期天我经常去公园坐坐。

(2)adj. 公开的,众人皆知的:

Their secret meeting was made public 20 years later.

他们的秘密会晤20年以后才被公开。

(3)n.公众,群众,大众:

The public is/ are pleased with his explanation.

公众对他的解释很满意。

The museum is open to the public on Sunday.

这家博物馆星期天对公众开放。

学完本课以后做做练习吧,本课练习网址

https://www.enfamily.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=11899&extra=page%3D1

最新评论

2705 发表于 2007-8-31 21:30:13
First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

How many cards did the writer send?

The writer didn’t send any single card.
晒会儿太阳 发表于 2007-10-24 15:46:36

评分

参与人数 1鲜花 -20 收起 理由
david -20 灌 水

查看全部评分

183811191 发表于 2007-11-26 13:40:41
some people neither borrow nor lend!

can i borrow some money from you?

a few words:

can I havea few words with you?

I'd like to say a few words on the topic .
puchunxiao 发表于 2008-1-12 08:40:51

Very good

我能下载在线教程吗
448648226 发表于 2008-1-18 13:49:42
有没有填空题答案提供啊
waterplusme 发表于 2008-1-18 18:07:07
楼上的,填空的答案我打给你

went,visited;sat;taught;lent,read;did not understand, thought;passed;did not send;made, got;bought;spent;did not write

上面这个对照原文就有

died,left,spent,bought,went,stayed,listened,lent,kept,lost
319033916 发表于 2008-4-3 20:21:51
319033916 发表于 2008-4-5 20:14:47

666666633

:victory: :P :) :) :) :)
azazheng 发表于 2008-4-21 17:45:23
不能看怎么回事啊有谁知道哦???
小鹿 发表于 2008-4-26 22:50:43
i can finish class 20-25
ddsue 发表于 2008-4-26 23:47:31
He didn't send a card!
283146849 发表于 2008-6-26 09:23:40
怎样背单词快?
yuanhuayuan 发表于 2008-10-22 21:07:04
youjinbu,jinchi!
junier 发表于 2009-1-13 17:06:06
谢谢能提供这么好的 学习教材
junier 发表于 2009-1-13 17:06:11
谢谢能提供这么好的 学习教材
小木马 发表于 2009-1-23 12:25:40
[1_08][1_26][1_27][1_29]
花好月圆 发表于 2009-3-13 23:12:07
[1_14]一暂停 就是游戏下载[1_51]
赵金龙 发表于 2009-5-5 15:00:03
Postcards always spoil my holidays. Last summer, I went to Italy. I visited museums and sat in public gardens. A friendly waiter taught me a few words of Italian. Then he lent me a book. I read a few lines, but I did not understand a word. Every day I thought about postcards. My holidays passed quickly, but I did not sendany cards to my friends. On the last day I made a big decision. I got up early and bought thirty-seven cards. I spent the whole day in myroom, but I did not write a single card!
leo2199 发表于 2009-5-7 16:16:08
How many cards did the writer send?

None one, the writer's action never follow his thought.
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