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【VOA】电子游戏真的会导致暴力吗?

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发表于 2019-9-6 02:06:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式




Is There a Link Between Video Games and Violence?

电子游戏真的会导致暴力吗?Do some kinds of video games cause violence? Scientific studies do not suggest a link.某类电子游戏会导致暴力吗?科学研究表明两者并无联系。But the idea that there is a link between violent video games and violent acts reappeared following the mass shooting in El Paso, Texas, last weekend.但是,随着上周末德克萨斯州埃尔帕索市发生大规模枪击案,暴力电子游戏与暴力行为有关的说法再次甚嚣尘上。An online statement thought to be written by the El Paso gunman mentioned the combat game "Call of Duty."一份据称是埃尔帕索枪手撰写的网上宣言提到了战争游戏《使命召唤》。On Monday, President Donald Trump said that "gruesome and grisly video games" contribute to a "glorification of violence."周一,特朗普总统表示,“令人毛骨悚然的、可怕的电子游戏”助长了对“暴力的美化。”American politicians have long made similar statements.一直以来,美国政界人士也发表过类似言论。"Politicians on both sides go after video games...it is this weird unifying force," said Patrick Markey, a psychology professor at Villanova University who studies video games.维拉诺瓦大学研究电子游戏的心理学教授帕特里克·马基说:“两党政客都在拿电子游戏做文章,这是一种令人费解的凝聚力。”Research on video games and violence关于电子游戏和暴力的研究Benjamin Burroughs is a professor of media at the University of Las Vegas. "...There is no linkage to gun violence," he said about video games.班杰明·伯勒斯是拉斯维加斯大学的媒体学教授。他在谈到电子游戏时表示:“电子游戏跟枪支暴力毫无关系。”Burroughs said that some studies show a short-term increase in aggressive thoughts and feelings after playing video games, but nothing that rises to the level of violence.伯勒斯表示,一些研究表明,虽然电子游戏后的攻击性思维和情绪会在短期内有所增加,但是没有上升到暴力程度。”"Plenty of gamers...get upset when they lose or feel the game was ‘cheating,' but it doesn't lead to violent outputs," Burroughs said.伯勒斯说:“很多玩家输掉比赛后或认为该游戏‘作弊’会心烦,但这并不会导致暴力输出。”In 2006, a small study by researchers at Indiana University found that teenagers who played violent video games showed higher levels of emotional arousal – strong emotions like anger or fear. The teenagers also showed less activity in the parts of the brain associated with the ability to plan, control and direct thoughts and behavior.2006年,印第安纳大学的研究人员进行的一项小型研究发现,玩暴力电子游戏的青少年会表现出更高水平的情绪激发,类似愤怒或恐惧等强烈情绪。这些青少年的大脑中负责计划、控制和指导思想及行为能力的功能区也不太活跃。Patrick Markey, the psychology professor, found in his research that men who commit severe acts of violence actually play violent video games less than the average male.心理学教授帕特里克·马基在他的研究中发现,犯下严重暴行的男性实际上比普通男性更少接触暴力电子游戏。Another study by Markey and other researchers showed that violence tends to go down when a new violent movie or video game comes out. One possible explanation: people are at home playing the game or in theaters watching the movie.马基和其他研究人员的另一项研究表明,当一部新的暴力电影或一款电子游戏推出后,暴力事件往往会下降。其中一种可能的解释是:人们都窝在家里玩游戏或去电影院看电影。Markey believes that video games might excite people, but they do not change who people are. "It is like going to see a sad movie," Markey said of playing video games. "It might make you cry but it doesn't make you clinically depressed," he said.马基认为,电子游戏可能会让人兴奋,但是不能改变人们的本性。马基谈到玩电子游戏时说:“就像去看一部悲伤的电影,你可能感动地哭泣,但不会因此被诊断为抑郁。”I'm John Russell.约翰·罗塞尔为您播报。



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