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【同义词辨析】 2019-05-24 丑陋ugly-unsightly

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发表于 2019-6-3 07:58:41 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
ugly: may apply not only to what is not pleasing to the eye but to what offends another sense or gives rise to repulsion, dread, or moral distaste in the mind: a street of small drab ~ houses.


hideous: stresses personal reaction and the horror of loathing induced by something felt as outwardly or inwardly extremely ugly: a hurricane that caused ~ destruction.   loathe厌恶,表示感到非常恶心无法容忍implies utter disgust and intolerance,如loathe self-appointed moral guardians厌恶自封的卫道士,形容词是loath,如loath to believe that he could do anything right不愿相信他能做对事)


ill-favored: applies especially to personal appearance and implies ugliness to the sense of sight without in itself suggesting a resulting distaste or dread: self-conscious about his ~ features.


unsightly: is likely to refer to a material thing on which the eye dwells on without pleasure and connotes a suggestion of distaste: a dump that sat on a ~ blot on the landscape.   material 1物质的有形的 2和精神对立的,表示由可触摸的材料构成implies formation out of tangible matter; or a contrast to spiritual, ideal. 如玛丽莲梦露《钻石是女孩最好的朋友diamonds are a girl's best friend》歌词,this is a material world, and I am a material girl,第一个material是意思1表示由物质构成,第二个是意思2表示追求物质,唯主义materialism的反义词是idealism唯心论)


ugly丑陋厌恶: 不仅外表不好看,而且冒犯其它感觉,使人排斥害怕讨厌,hideous丑陋可怖: 强调给人的反应,表示极端丑陋,让人感到厌恶可怖 ,ill-favored相貌难看: 多形容人相貌难看(丑陋),但本身没有厌恶害怕的意思,unsightly事物难看: 多形容有形事物难看,让人讨厌


记忆方法: 1)首字母UHIU想成有灰<==丑陋


               2)丑陋的意思是既不宜人不美丽mean neither pleasing nor beautiful, especially to the eye.

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