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高二下学期英语单元点拨讲解

发布者: July | 发布时间: 2006-5-21 12:35| 查看数: 11560| 评论数: 32|

<TABLE  cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 border=0>

<TR >
<TD  width=441>
<B >学科:英语<o:p></o:p></B></TD></TR>
<TR >
<TD  width=441>
< ><B >教学内容:Inventions</B><o:p></o:p></TD></TR></TABLE>
<  align=left><B> <o:p></o:p></B>
<  align=left><B>【课前准备导读】</B><B><o:p></o:p></B>
<P >一、学习目标<B><o:p></o:p></B>
<P >本单元以谈论“发明创造”为话题,让学生深入了解发明创造应具备的先决条件及艰难历程;激发学生进行发明创造的兴趣;熟练掌握并运用有关描述一种发明物的交际用语;进一步复习限制性定语从句的用法;并让学生展开丰富联想完成本单元的书面表达。<o:p></o:p>
<P >二、语言点讲解<o:p></o:p>
<P >1. Match each picture with the correct description below.把下面描述与每幅图进行匹配。<o:p></o:p>
<P >match[m<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>t<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_cef6b323-782a-4c5e-9f45-e740615475bf.rimg" o:title="9"></v:imagedata></v:shape>] <I>vt.&amp;vi.<o:p></o:p></I>
<P >①be equal to or corresponding (in quality, colour, design, design, etc.) (在品质、颜色、设计等方面)相等;相当;相配  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >The carpets should match the curtains.地毯该和窗帘相配。<o:p></o:p>
<P >She was wearing a brown dress with hat and gloves to match.<o:p></o:p>
<P >她穿着一件棕色的衣服,并有手套和帽子相配。<o:p></o:p>
<P >②match sth. to/with sth. to make equal or suitable 使相等;使相配  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >to match one’s spending to one’s income 使收支平衡<o:p></o:p>
<P >③match sth. in/ for to be equal to or find an equal for比得上;敌得过  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >No one can match him in archery.在箭术方面没有人能够和他相比。<o:p></o:p>
<P >④match sb./sth. against sb./sth. to cause to compete against使比赛;使……(和……)交手  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >I’m ready to match my strength against yours.我准备好和你较量力气。<o:p></o:p>
<P >2. Which of these“inventions”do you think would be useful?你认为这些发明中哪些有用?<o:p></o:p>
<P >do you think在句中为插入语,使用时要注意它必须要插在句中,即疑问代词之后,而不能置于句首,类似词组还有do you believe, do you suppose等。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >Who do you think will be our chemistry teacher?<o:p></o:p>
<P >你认为谁会成为我们的化学老师呢?<o:p></o:p>
<P >When do you think the inter-university sports will be held?<o:p></o:p>
<P >你认为大学校运动会将何时举行?<o:p></o:p>
<P >注:此语言点是易出错的地方,上两句不能说成<o:p></o:p>
<P >Do you think who will be our chemistry teacher?<o:p></o:p>
<P >Do you think when the inter-university sports will be held?<o:p></o:p>
<P >3. They come in five different <U>flavours.</U> 他们有五种不同的味道。<o:p></o:p>
<P >flavour(U.S.=flavor)[′fleIv<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_c4a2e3a6-7d1d-4e87-9c4b-6eaa72d0f14e.rimg" o:title="7"></v:imagedata></v:shape>(r)]<I>n</I>:<I><o:p></o:p></I>
<P >(1)[C] distinctive taste; special quality or characteristic特殊的味道;特点;特别风味  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >a flavour of garlic大蒜味<o:p></o:p>
<P >various flavours in ice-cream 各种口味的冰淇淋<o:p></o:p>
<P >(2)[U]sensation, taste and smell  味;滋味  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >When you have a cold, your food sometimes has very little flavour.<o:p></o:p>
<P >当你感冒时吃东西,常常会觉得食物毫无滋味。<o:p></o:p>
<P >4. Are you tired of carrying around a heavy laptop computer?你是否已厌倦了携带一个笨重的手提电脑?<o:p></o:p>
<P >(1)be tired of对……感到厌烦;厌倦  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >I’m tired of boiled eggs.我吃厌了煮鸡蛋。<o:p></o:p>
<P >John has been tired of the city life.约翰已厌倦了城市生活。<o:p></o:p>
<P >(2)be tired from/with因……而疲乏  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >He is tired from/with hard work.他由于艰辛的工作而很疲倦。<o:p></o:p>
<P >5. Here’s the solution: the new nose-top computer fits comfortably on your nose and weighs less than a pair of glasses.这有解决办法:一种新型鼻端电脑适合很舒服地放在鼻子上,而且它的重量低于一副眼镜。<o:p></o:p>
<P >fit[fIt](1)<I>vt. &amp; vi</I>①be the right measure, shape and size for合适;适合于<o:p></o:p>
<P >eg: shoes that fit well很合脚的鞋子<o:p></o:p>
<P >The coat doesn’t fit me.这件上衣不适合我穿。<o:p></o:p>
<P >②fit on: put into place安装;装置  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >fit a new lock on a door在门上装一把新锁<o:p></o:p>
<P >③fit for: make sb. suitable or competent使某人适应或胜任  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >fit oneself for one’s new duties使自己能胜任新职责<o:p></o:p>
<P >Military training fits men for long marches.<o:p></o:p>
<P >军事训练能使人适应长途行军。<o:p></o:p>
<P >(2)<I>adj.</I> ①be fit for/to do: suitable or suited合适的;切合的  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >It was a dinner fit for a king.那是一顿适合国王吃的盛餐。<o:p></o:p>
<P >The food was not fit to eat.那食物不适宜吃。<o:p></o:p>
<P >②in good athletic; in good health强健的;健康的  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >I hope you are keeping fit. 我希望你能保持健康。<o:p></o:p>
<P >注:fit与suit  二者都用作动词,可指衣服“合适”或“适合”的意思。但fit指大小,尺寸合适;suit则指颜色,花样或款式适合。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >These shoes don’t fit me—have you got a large size?<o:p></o:p>
<P >这鞋我穿着不合适——你们有大点的吗?<o:p></o:p>
<P >Red and black are colours that suit me well.黑红两色是很适合我的颜色。<o:p></o:p>
<P >6. You will never have to worry about having your bike stolen again.你将永远不会担心自行车被偷走。<o:p></o:p>
<P >(1)have sth. done  使某事被做(由其他人来做)  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >Yesterday, I had my car repaired. 昨天,我让修理师给我修了车。<o:p></o:p>
<P >Oh her way home, she had her wallet stolen on the bus.<o:p></o:p>
<P >在回家的汽车上,她的钱包被偷了。<o:p></o:p>
<P >(2) have sb./sth. do sth.让某人/某物受约束地做某事  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >Whenever he goes home from school, he will have his mother wash his clothes.无论他什么时候从学校回家,他都会让他母亲为他洗衣服。<o:p></o:p>
<P >(3)have sb./sth. doing sth. ①让某人/某物一直做某事②让某人/某物不受约束地做某事  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P >They had the machines running all day and night.<o:p></o:p>
<P >他们让机器夜以继日地运转着。<o:p></o:p>
<P >Don’t have him waiting outside.不要让他一直在外面等候。<o:p></o:p>
<P >三、课前准备针对性练习(20分,15分钟)<B><o:p></o:p></B>
<P >(一)单项选择(每小题1分,共10分)<o:p></o:p>
<P >1. She is too impatient to be <U>__________</U> the job as a nurse in the nursery.<o:p></o:p>
<P >A. unfit for            B. fit for                C. suited                D. suit t obe<o:p></o:p>
<P >2. She told me that she <U>__________</U> by swimming and playing tennis.<o:p></o:p>
<P >A. remained health                              B. in good health<o:p></o:p>
<P >C. kept fit                                          D. was in a good health<o:p></o:p>
<P >3. I think a brown chair like that will <U>__________</U> me well.<o:p></o:p>
<P >A. fit                     B. fit for                C. suit                   D. match<o:p></o:p>
<P >4. When you are tired <U>__________</U> swimming, float just for a while.<o:p></o:p>
<P >A. from                 B. of                     C. in                            D. with<o:p></o:p>
<P >5.<U>__________</U> be sent to work there?(2002,上海,1分)<o:p></o:p>
<P >A. Who do you suggest                       B. Who do you suggest that should<o:p></o:p>
<P >C. Do you suggest who should            D. Do you suggest whom should<o:p></o:p>
<P >6. They are so busy in July that they <U>__________</U> all day and night.<o:p></o:p>
<P >A. have to have tractors worked          B. have to tractors working<o:p></o:p>
<P >C. have to have tractors working         D. have tractors work<o:p></o:p>
<P >7. We ought to have her <U>__________</U> by the doctor.<o:p></o:p>
<P >A. examined           B. examine             C. to examine         D. examining<o:p></o:p>
<P >8. Mr Yang,<U>__________</U> of the <U>__________</U> reading, started to listen to the music.<o:p></o:p>
<P >A. tired; boring                                   B. tiring; bored<o:p></o:p>
<P >C. tired; bored                                    D. tiring; boring<o:p></o:p>
<P >9. What surprised us was that he <U>__________</U> his shooting skill against the expert’s.<o:p></o:p>
<P >A. matched            B. fitted                 C. showed             D. made<o:p></o:p>
<P >10.—Which would you like to have, orange or wine?<o:p></o:p>
<P >—<U>__________</U> .<o:p></o:p>
<P >A. Certainly, I will                              B. Yes, please<o:p></o:p>
<P >C. Neither, thank you                          D. Yes, either<o:p></o:p>
<P >(二)汉译英(每小题1分,共10分)<o:p></o:p>
<P >1.扔掉<U>__________</U>                            2.吃小吃<U>__________</U> <o:p></o:p>
<P >3.与此同时<U>__________</U>                     4.少于<U>__________</U> <o:p></o:p>
<P >5.比得上,敌得过<U>__________</U>             6.修理手表<U>__________</U> <o:p></o:p>
<P >7.由于……而疲惫<U>__________</U>           8.充气式自行车<U>__________</U> <o:p></o:p>
<P >9.让空气泄漏出来<U>__________</U>           10.保持健康<U>__________</U> <o:p></o:p>
<P > <o:p></o:p>

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July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:36:09
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=left><B>【听力导读】</B><B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">一、语言点讲解<B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. What are the advantages of Mr Dean’s new invention?迪恩先生的新发明有哪些优点呢?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">advantage[<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>d′v<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_1c50f692-ac27-4e82-b342-3ecac661e50e.rimg" o:title="A"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>ntId<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>]<I>n</I>.<I><o:p></o:p></I>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)[C]sth. useful or helpful, sth. likely to bring success优点;优势  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Living in a big town has many advantages, such as good schools, libraries, and theatres.住在大都市里有许多优点:有好学校,图书馆和剧院。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">the advantages of a good education良好教育的益处<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">have/gain/ win an advantage(over); give sb. an advantage(over)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">占/获得/羸得/给某人优势  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Tom’s university education gave him an advantage over boys who had not been to a university.汤姆的大学教育使他较其他未上大学的男孩子占优势。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)[U]benefit; profit利益  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He gained little advantage from his visit to London.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他游历伦敦获益甚少。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">①take advantage of sb. , deceive sb.; play a trick on sb.欺骗某人;捉弄某人  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The fate took advantage of him.命运捉弄了他。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②take (full) advantage of sth., use it profitably, for one’s own benefit(充分)利用某事物  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He always takes full advantage of the mistakes made by his rivals.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他总是充分利用他的对手所犯的错误。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)[反]disadvantage[dIs<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>d′v<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_1c50f692-ac27-4e82-b342-3ecac661e50e.rimg" o:title="A"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>ntId<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>]<I>n.</I> unfavourable condition不利条件;损失  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">rumours to his disadvantage损害其名誉等的谣言<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It is a disadvantage to be small when you’re standing in a crowd to look at a football game.站在人群中看足球比赛时,身材矮小是一个不利条件。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. Why does the patent officer not want to give the man a patent?为什么专利人员不想给那个人专利权?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)patent[′p<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>tnt]<I>n.</I>[C](privilege granted by) letters patent专利证;专利权 有eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">take out a patent to protect a new invention<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">取得专利权以保护一项新发明。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Patent Office专利局(政府中主管颁发专利权,注册商标等事务的机构)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)officer[′<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_ccb25693-bcbc-41ca-8809-060922e98d38.rimg" o:title="A"></v:imagedata></v:shape>fIs<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>(r)]<I>n. </I>person with a position of authority or trust, engaged in active duties公务员;(政府)官员;官吏  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">executive/ clerical officers行政官员(文书官)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">a customs officer海关人员  the medical officer of health卫生官员<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. backwards[′b<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>kw<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>dz]<I>adv.<o:p></o:p></I>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)away from one’s front; towards the back向后  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He looked backwards over his shoulder.他回头向后看。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)with the back or the end first倒退着 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It’s not easy to walk backwards.倒退着走路不容易。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Can you say the alphabet backwards?你能倒念英语的二十六个字母吗?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">注:-ward(s)是一个词缀,表示“朝向”(in the direction of),用以构成形容词或副词。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">forward(s)向前的(地); upward(s) 向上的(地)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">downward(s)向下的(地);eastward(s)向东的(地)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">homeward(s)朝家的方向的(地)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. reappear[<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_f1887c8e-73ec-49ac-9de5-ee1482dd717c.rimg" o:title="11"></v:imagedata></v:shape>ri<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>′pI<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>]<I>vi.</I> appear again再出现  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The sun reappears after the storm. 暴风雨过后,太阳又出来了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">注:re-是一个前缀,表示“再”(again)。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">retell <I>v.</I> 复述;reborn <I>adj.</I>(喻)再生的,新生的;<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">rebuild <I>vt.</I>重建;replay <I>v.</I>重新比赛,再播放。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">二、如何听的建议<B><o:p></o:p></B>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1.培养听的良好心态<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">听力测试题不同于其他题型,不可能像其他题型一样遇到不明白的地方可以回过来看前面的材料或停下来思考一下。听力测试的做题速度是由命题者统一掌握的,录音材料瞬间即逝,无“回听”的机会或自由思考的余地。考生临场心态对听力成绩有着极大的影响。因此考生必须培养良好的心态。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2.合理分配注意力<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)要充分利用两题之间的停顿时间,快速有效地阅读题目,这样在听录音时可以缩小注意力范围,把注意力集中在与所提问题有关的关键词上,减少了盲目性,加强了针对性。如所提问题是有关时间的,就可以在听录音时特别注意出现的时间,从而做出正确的选择。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)学会边听边记,特别是较长的对话和独白。记录时要有重点,有技巧。例如:用阿拉伯数字记数字,用字母代替地名或人员,单词用缩写,句子记关键词等。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)学会听关键词,要把注意力相对集中在关键词上,例如:表示意义转折、否定或递进的词:but, however, not, to , what’s more, what’s worse, besides等;还有表示时间、数字、年代等概念的数词。这些词往往是非常重要的语言信息。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"> <o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:37:04
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=left><B>【口语导读】</B><B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">一、语言点讲解<B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. Each inventor should explain how the invention works and why it is useful.每一个发明者应该解释他的发明如何运作以及它为什么有用。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">explain[Ik′spleIn]<I>vt.<o:p></o:p></I>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)explain sth. to sb./ to sb. sth.:make plain or clear解释;说明  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A dictionary tries to explain the meanings of words to its reader.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">词典是向读者解释词义的工具书。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Please explain to me what this means.请对我说明这是什么意思。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">注:explain后接表示“人”的宾语时,之前必须带to,此时announce宣布,mention阐述与它的用法是一样的。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Mr Green announced to his friends his engagement to Miss White.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">格林先生向他的朋友们宣布他已与怀特小姐订婚。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He mentioned it to me that he had seen you.他向我提到曾经见过你。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)explain sth. away: show why one should not be blamed for a fault, mistake, etc. 辩护  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">You will find it difficult to explain away your use of such offensive language.你使用这样无礼的语言是很难说得过去。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2.You have invented a car that uses water instead of petrol.你已发明一种汽车,它用水而不用汽油。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">petrol[′petr<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>l]n. [U]refined petroleum used as a fuel in internal combustion engines (U. S. 美=gasoline)汽油  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">fill up with petrol 灌满汽油<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">stop at the next petrol station 停在下一个加油站<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3.Your new invention is a machine that makes it possible for people to know the future.你的新发明是一种可以让人们预知未来的机器。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">make it possible 使它成为可能,其中possible 是构成宾语it 的补足语,因此可构成:make+宾语+宾补(adj./n./do/done)的结构。 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He made it clear that he objected to the proposal.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他明确表示他反对此项提议。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The news made her happy. 这消息让她很高兴。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">We made him chairman of the Student Union.我们选他做学生会主席。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The boss made the workers work 12 hours a day.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">老板让工人们一天工作12个小时。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">注:此句的被动语态为:The workers were made to work 12 hours a day by the boss.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Can you easily make yourself understood in English?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">你能轻松地用英语表明你的意思吗?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4.You have invented a pen that automatically translates what you write into a foreign language.你已发明一支笔,它能自动地把你所写的内容翻译成一门外语。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)automatically[<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_f1887c8e-73ec-49ac-9de5-ee1482dd717c.rimg" o:title="11"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_9d31db3e-3732-4fe3-ab4f-ec9d764f125e.rimg" o:title="5"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>t<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>′m<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>tikli] adv. self-acting; self-moving;(of a machine)able to work or be worked without attention 自动地  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The robot was working automatically.那个机器人在自动地工作。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)translate… into…把……翻译成……  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Can you translate the sentences into English?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">你能把这些句子翻译成英文吗?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">translate an English book into French  将一本英文书翻译成法文<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">translation[tr<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>nz′leI<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_cef6b323-782a-4c5e-9f45-e740615475bf.rimg" o:title="9"></v:imagedata></v:shape>n]n. 翻译[U];译文[C]  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">errors in translation 翻译的错误<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">make /do a translation into German 译成德语<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">二、交际用语讲解<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">本单元学习描述一种发明物的日常交际用语。现归纳如下:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1.This invention can help people…              2.This is a new way of…<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3.What does it look like?                          4.How does it work?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5.What’s it made of?                                  6.How would people use it?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">7.This new invention will make it possible for people to…<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">三、口语针对性练习(20分,15分钟)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(一)单项选择(每小题1分,共10分)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. Not only<U>__________</U> difficult to understand, but it was too long. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. it was               B. it made                     C. did it make               D. was it<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. Things are getting better<U>__________</U> worse. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. rather than         B. in place of         C. in the place of           D. instead<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. We won’t have meat for lunch.  We’ll have fish<U>__________</U> . <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. instead of         B. instead                     C. in place                    D. in the place<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. I really think<U>__________</U> impossible to finish the work in such a short time, don’t you think so?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. it                      B. this                   C. them                        D. that<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5. &shy;—You couldn’t have chosen any gift better for me. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"> —<U>__________</U> <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. Oh, don’t you like it?                      B. That’s all right.  I’ll give you a better one next time. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. I’m glad you like it so much.          D. You have a gift for music, don’t you?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6. —Why did you come by taxi?—My car broke down, and I still<U>__________</U> it repaired. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. haven’t had.                    B. didn’t have               C. don’t have                D. won’t have<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">7. Bell was said<U>__________</U> the telephone. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. to invent                   B. to have invented        C. discover                   D. to be discovering<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">8. They elected Tom<U>__________</U> monitor of his class. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. a                             B. the                           C. /                              D. an<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">9. Most of people think that there are many<U>__________</U> of advertising. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. advantage                 B. disadvantage             C. advantages               D. advance<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">10. —Good morning, Grand Hotel. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">—Hello, I’d like to book a room for the nights of the 18<SUP>th</SUP> and 19<SUP>th</SUP>. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">—<U>__________</U> <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. What can I do for you?                                 B. Just a minute please. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. What’s the matter?                                       D. At your service. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(二)补全对话(每小题2分,共10分)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Mary: Li Li,did you find out the price for the P Ⅲ?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Li Li: Yes,__<U>1</U>___<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Mary: Ithink we should buy the PⅣ.  It’s been improved. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">       And it is bigger, although it is more expensive.  What’s your idea?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Li Li: Ibelieve we should buy the smaller one. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Mary: __<U>2</U>___<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Li Li: Sure, I don’t think it’s necessary to buy the bigger one.  It would be a waste of money. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Mary: I hope we can make a decision today.  __<U>3</U>___<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Li Li: We mustn’t waste any more time.  The factory needs a computer as soon as possible.  We must decide which one to buy. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Mary: __<U>4</U>___Can you try to get them to bring down the price?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Li Li: Yes.  __<U>5</U>___<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Mary: OK.  We’ll meet again tomorrow. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. Any reasons?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">B. I’ve got the information for all the computers now. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. Do you agree?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">D. I’ll ring them today. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">E. I believe prices will go up next week. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">F. I think we’d better buy the PⅢ,<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">G. I still think we should buy the PⅣ. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"> <o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:40:22

< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=left><B>【阅读指导】</B><B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">一、生词和词组<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. thinker[′<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_c4a2e3a6-7d1d-4e87-9c4b-6eaa72d0f14e.rimg" o:title="7"></v:imagedata></v:shape>I<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_7bce2453-5668-4299-bf5d-64818f973720.rimg" o:title="a"></v:imagedata></v:shape>k<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>(r)]n.  person who thinks(usu.  with an adj. )思想家;思考者(通常与形容词连用)  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">a great/shallow thinker 伟大的/肤浅的思想家<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. background[′b<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>kgra<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_3f1928a9-c732-41ee-bf3a-5909f0ff8e9d.rimg" o:title="a"></v:imagedata></v:shape>nd]n. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1that part of a view, scene that serves as a setting for the chief objects, persons, etc.  背景 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Do you know what’s his background?你知道他的背景吗?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2contemporary conditions 当时的情况;时代背景 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">the social and political background 当时的社会及政治情况<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">③be/keep/stay in the background away from publicity; hidden 在(保持在)幕后<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">④background music/effects 配乐(音响效果等)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. IQ (Intelligence Quotient):comparative measure of intelligence 智商 eg: He has a higher IQ than John. 他比约翰的智商高。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. strategy[′str<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>t<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>d<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>I]n. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)the art of planning operations in a war; skill in managing any affair 战略;策略;谋略 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">the studying strategies 学习策略<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)strategist[str<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>t<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>d<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>Ist] n.  person skilled in strategy 战略家;谋略家<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5. rephrase[<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_f1887c8e-73ec-49ac-9de5-ee1482dd717c.rimg" o:title="11"></v:imagedata></v:shape>ri<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>′freIz] vt.  &amp; vi.  phrase again (给……)重新措辞;改用别的措辞表述 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Can you rephrase this sentence? 你能改变一下此句的措辞表达吗?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6. allow for: take into consideration 顾及;为……做准备 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It will take thirty minutes to get to the station, allowing for the traffic delays.  到车站去将需要三十分钟,连路上交通的耽搁都算在内。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">7. reject[′ri<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>d<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>ekt] vt. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">①put aside; throw away抛弃;丢弃 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">reject fruit that is over-ripe 抛弃过熟的水果<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②refuse to accept 拒绝;不接受 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">  reject an offer of help 拒绝别人提供的帮助<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">  a rejected suitor未被接受的求婚者<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">③rejection[′rI<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>d<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>ek<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_cef6b323-782a-4c5e-9f45-e740615475bf.rimg" o:title="9"></v:imagedata></v:shape>n] n.  rejection or being rejected 抛弃;拒绝 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">  rejection slip 退稿通知单<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">8. be/get stuck with sb. /sth. :be involved with sb. /sth.  陷进去;与某人纠缠不清 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It looks as if I’m stuck with the job of clearing up this mess. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我好像非要收拾这个烂摊子不可。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">9. partial[′pa<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_cef6b323-782a-4c5e-9f45-e740615475bf.rimg" o:title="9"></v:imagedata></v:shape>I] adj. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">①forming only a part 部分的;不完全的 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">a partial success 部分的成功<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②partial(towards)showing too much favour to one person or side 偏心的<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: examiners who are partial towards pretty women students<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">偏袒漂亮女生的主考人员<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">③partial to: having a liking for  对……偏爱的 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">  partial to French cuisine 偏爱法国烹调<o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:41:38
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=left><B>【阅读指导】</B><B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">一、生词和词组<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. thinker[′<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_c4a2e3a6-7d1d-4e87-9c4b-6eaa72d0f14e.rimg" o:title="7"></v:imagedata></v:shape>I<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_7bce2453-5668-4299-bf5d-64818f973720.rimg" o:title="a"></v:imagedata></v:shape>k<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>(r)]n.  person who thinks(usu.  with an adj. )思想家;思考者(通常与形容词连用)  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">a great/shallow thinker 伟大的/肤浅的思想家<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. background[′b<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>kgra<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_3f1928a9-c732-41ee-bf3a-5909f0ff8e9d.rimg" o:title="a"></v:imagedata></v:shape>nd]n. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1that part of a view, scene that serves as a setting for the chief objects, persons, etc.  背景 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Do you know what’s his background?你知道他的背景吗?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2contemporary conditions 当时的情况;时代背景 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">the social and political background 当时的社会及政治情况<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">③be/keep/stay in the background away from publicity; hidden 在(保持在)幕后<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">④background music/effects 配乐(音响效果等)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. IQ (Intelligence Quotient):comparative measure of intelligence 智商 eg: He has a higher IQ than John. 他比约翰的智商高。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. strategy[′str<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>t<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>d<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>I]n. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)the art of planning operations in a war; skill in managing any affair 战略;策略;谋略 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">the studying strategies 学习策略<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)strategist[str<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>t<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>d<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>Ist] n.  person skilled in strategy 战略家;谋略家<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5. rephrase[<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_f1887c8e-73ec-49ac-9de5-ee1482dd717c.rimg" o:title="11"></v:imagedata></v:shape>ri<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>′freIz] vt.  &amp; vi.  phrase again (给……)重新措辞;改用别的措辞表述 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Can you rephrase this sentence? 你能改变一下此句的措辞表达吗?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6. allow for: take into consideration 顾及;为……做准备 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It will take thirty minutes to get to the station, allowing for the traffic delays.  到车站去将需要三十分钟,连路上交通的耽搁都算在内。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">7. reject[′ri<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>d<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>ekt] vt. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">①put aside; throw away抛弃;丢弃 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">reject fruit that is over-ripe 抛弃过熟的水果<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②refuse to accept 拒绝;不接受 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">  reject an offer of help 拒绝别人提供的帮助<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">  a rejected suitor未被接受的求婚者<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">③rejection[′rI<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>d<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>ek<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_cef6b323-782a-4c5e-9f45-e740615475bf.rimg" o:title="9"></v:imagedata></v:shape>n] n.  rejection or being rejected 抛弃;拒绝 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">  rejection slip 退稿通知单<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">8. be/get stuck with sb. /sth. :be involved with sb. /sth.  陷进去;与某人纠缠不清 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It looks as if I’m stuck with the job of clearing up this mess. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我好像非要收拾这个烂摊子不可。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">9. partial[′pa<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_cef6b323-782a-4c5e-9f45-e740615475bf.rimg" o:title="9"></v:imagedata></v:shape>I] adj. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">①forming only a part 部分的;不完全的 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">a partial success 部分的成功<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②partial(towards)showing too much favour to one person or side 偏心的<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: examiners who are partial towards pretty women students<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">偏袒漂亮女生的主考人员<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">③partial to: having a liking for  对……偏爱的 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">  partial to French cuisine 偏爱法国烹调<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">10. break away from: go away suddenly and abruptly; give up摆脱 ;脱离 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">  Can you break away from your old habits? 你能戒除旧习惯吗?
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:43:10
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">▲break 的其他几个常用词组有<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)break down(指机器等)出毛病;坏掉  eg:<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The car broke down. 汽车坏了。(此处break down为不及物动词词组)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)break into破门而入;强行进入  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">His house was broken into last night. 他的房子昨天被窃贼潜入。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)break off中断说话;折断;断绝  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">break off what sb.  said中断某人的谈话<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The mast broke off/was broken off. 船桅断了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">break off relations with sb. (与某人)绝交<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(4)break up破碎;瓦解;变弱;放寒(暑假)  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The ship was breaking up on the rocks. 船在礁石上撞毁了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He broke up under the strain. 他累垮了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">When do you break up?你们何时放寒(暑)假?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">11.  possibility[<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_f1887c8e-73ec-49ac-9de5-ee1482dd717c.rimg" o:title="11"></v:imagedata></v:shape>p<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_ccb25693-bcbc-41ca-8809-060922e98d38.rimg" o:title="A"></v:imagedata></v:shape>s<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>′bIl<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>tI]<I>n. <o:p></o:p></I>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)[U]state of being possible可能;可能性  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I admit the possibility of your being right. 我承认你可能是对的。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">▲句型:There’s(much) possibility of doing sth. 有可能做某事  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Is there any possibility of your getting to London this week?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">本周你有可能到伦敦去吗?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)[C]sth.  that is possible可能之事  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I see great possibilities in this scheme. 我看这计划很可能成功。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">12.  perception[p<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>′sep<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_cef6b323-782a-4c5e-9f45-e740615475bf.rimg" o:title="9"></v:imagedata></v:shape>n]<I>n. </I>(1) [U] process by which we become aware of changes; act or power of perceiving感觉;知觉;领悟力  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">a man of keen perception感觉敏锐的人<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)[C] way of seeing or understanding sth. 看法;理解;观念  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">His perception was that conditions had not changed. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他认为情况无变化。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">13.  otherwise[<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_f1887c8e-73ec-49ac-9de5-ee1482dd717c.rimg" o:title="11"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_9fd1167b-cac3-4204-b342-c6d5e7041c47.rimg" o:title="4"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_ddba1665-a943-4c69-b87d-3eecedc68058.rimg" o:title="6"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>waIz]<I>adv</I>.  (1)or else否则;不然  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">You should go now, otherwise you’ll miss the bus. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">你现在该走了,否则赶不上公共汽车了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)in another or different way用其他的方法;不同地  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He thinks otherwise. 他是另外一种想法。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)in other respect在其他方面;除此以外  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He is slow, but otherwise he is a good worker. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他虽慢,但在其他方面来说却是个好工人。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">14.  involve[In′v<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_ccb25693-bcbc-41ca-8809-060922e98d38.rimg" o:title="A"></v:imagedata></v:shape>lv]<I>vt. </I>(1)cause (sb. /sth) to be caught or mixed up in trouble使陷于(麻烦)中;使卷入  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">They are deeply involved in debt. 他们债台高筑。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)have as a necessary consequence产生某种必然结果;包含;牵涉  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The war involved a great increase in the national debt. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">那场战争使国债大为增加。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">▲习语:be/ become/ get involved in sth. / with sb. ; be concerned with sb. / sth. 与某人(某事)有关联  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">become involved in criminal activities  与犯罪活动有关联<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">15. attempt[<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>′tempt](1)<I>n</I>. [C]make attempt to do sth. / at doing sth.  :effort to do sth. 尝试  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">They made no attempt to escape/ at escaping. 他们未曾企图逃脱。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)<I>n.</I> attempt at: not very well done未做成功之事  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Her attempt at a Christmas cake had to be thrown away. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">她的圣诞蛋糕做得不好,只好丢掉。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)<I>n. </I>attempt on/upon: attack on攻击;袭击  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">make an attempt on sb. ’s life谋害某人的性命<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">an attempt on the world speed record 打破世界速度纪录的尝试<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(4)<I>vt.</I> make a start at doing sth. 试做;尝试;企图  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">You have attempted a difficult task. 你开始了一项艰难的工作。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">16. deepen[′di<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>p<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>n]<I>vt. </I>&amp; <I>vi. </I> make or become deep加深;使变深  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Our friendship will be deepened by constant connection. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">通过经常联系,我们的友谊就会加深。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">注:-en或en-是个词缀,常放在形容词后/前,构成新动词,表“使成为”。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: enlarge扩大;enrich使丰富;sadden使伤心<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">17. connection[k<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>′nek<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_cef6b323-782a-4c5e-9f45-e740615475bf.rimg" o:title="9"></v:imagedata></v:shape>n]<I>n. <o:p></o:p></I>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)[C,U]connecting or being connected联结;联系  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">What is the connection between the two ideas?这两个意念之间有何联系?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)[C]train, boat, etc.  timed to leave a station, port etc. 联运列车;船(等)  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The train was late and I missed my connection. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">火车误点了,我没赶上联运车。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)[常用复数]number of customers亲戚;业务来往者  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">This dressmaker has good connections among the well-to-do women of the town. 这个女裁缝在本镇富家妇女之中拥有相当多的顾客。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">▲习语:in connection with: with reference to与……相连;有关  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The meeting is in connection with a proposal to construct a new swimming-poll. 该集会与建一个新的游泳池有关。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">connect with/to连接  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">connect the cells of a battery to/with the other连接电池组的各个电池<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">18. be aware of: having knowledge or realization知道;意识到  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">We are fully aware of the gravity of the situation. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我们十分明白形势的严重性。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">19. unreasonable[<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_9fd1167b-cac3-4204-b342-c6d5e7041c47.rimg" o:title="4"></v:imagedata></v:shape>n′ri<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>zn<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>bl]<I>adj. </I> not reasonable不合理的;不讲道理的;非理性的  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">an unreasonable person不讲道理的人<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">an unreasonable demand不合理的要求<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">▲[反]reasonable[′ri<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>zn<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>bl]<I>adj. </I>讲道理的;合乎情理的  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">You are not reasonable if you expect a child to behave like a grown-up. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">要求一个孩子像大人一样行动是不合情理的。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">20.  application[<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>plI′keI<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_cef6b323-782a-4c5e-9f45-e740615475bf.rimg" o:title="9"></v:imagedata></v:shape>n]<I>n. <o:p></o:p></I>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)application of sth to sth.  : bringing a rule to bear on a case; putting to practical use应用;运用 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">the application of a discovery/ a new process to industry<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">新发现/新方法应用于工业<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)application to sb.  for sth. : making of a request [U]申请;请求<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">[C]申请书;请求书  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The manager received twenty applications for the position. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">经理收到了那一职业的二十份求职申请书。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The list of new books may be had on application to the publishers. <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">新书目录可向出版者索取。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)[U]application of sth.  to sth. : putting one thing onto another涂敷(某物于另一物上)  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The oil is for external application only. 此油仅供外敷用。<o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:48:54
< mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>▲apply[ ′plaI]vt.  &amp; vi. 请求;申请;适用;全神贯注于  eg:
< mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>You may apply in person or by letter. 你亲自申请或通信申请均可。
< mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>apply a plaster to a cut贴膏药于割伤处
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>The rule cannot be applied in every case. 这规则并非适用于所有情况。
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>apply your mind to your work专心于你的工作
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>21. trial and error: method of solving a problem by making tests until error is eliminated反复实验;不断摸索  eg:
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>You will succeed by trial and error.经过反复实验你会成功的。
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>22. productive[pr ′d ktIv]adj. ①able to produce; fertile能生产的;肥沃的
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>eg: a plant which is productive多产的植物  productive land肥沃的土地
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>②productive of: resulting in可能产生……的  eg:
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>discussions that seem to be productive only of quarrels
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>似乎只会导致口角的讨论
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>▲①produce[pr ′dju s]vt. &amp; vi. 生产;制造  eg:
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>produce woolen goods生产毛织品
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>n. [′pr dju s][U]农产品或自然产品的总称  eg:
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>The field produce is transported by water to the neighbouring cities.
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>农产品通过水路运往邻近的各个城市。
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>②product[′pr d kt][C](多指)工业产品  eg:
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>Machinery, cars and ships are all industrial products.
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>机械、汽车、船只都是工业产品。
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>③production[pr ′d k n][U]生产;制造(指生产的行为);产量 eg:
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>Production is up this month.本月产量上升。
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>④productivity[ pr d k′tIv tI][U]生产力  eg:
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>increase productivity增加生产力
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>23. respected[ri′spektId]adj be worth respecting受人尊敬的  eg:
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>He is a respected teacher.他是一个受人尊敬的老师。
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>24. uninspired[ nIn′spaI d]adj. without inspiration无灵感的;枯燥的;平淡的  eg:
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>an uninspired lecture/lecturer枯燥的演讲(者)
<P mso-char-indent-size: 2.0; mso-char-indent-count: 10.5pt? 21pt;>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:50:11
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">二、同、近义词辨析<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. think of, think about, think over, think up与think out<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)think of与think about这两个短语表示下列意义时,可以互换。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">①考虑  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Don’t think of/about me any more.不要再考虑我。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②对……有某种看法  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">What do you think of/ about the film?你认为那部影片怎么样?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)think of表示下列意义时,一般不和think about换用。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">①想要;打算  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">For a moment I thought of playing truant.我一时起了逃学的念头。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②想出;想到  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Who thought of the idea?谁想出的那个主意?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">③关心;想看  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Lei Feng always thought of how he could do more for the people.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">雷锋总是想着怎样多为人民做些事情。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">④想起;说得  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I can’t think of his name.我想不起他的名字。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)think about表示下列意义时一般不和think of换用。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">①“回想”过去的事情。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">We mustn’t think about this matter any more.我们不许再想此事。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②“考虑”某事,某计划是否切实可行。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I’ll think about your suggestion and give you an answer tomorrow.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我要考虑一下你的建议,明天给你答复。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(4)think over意为“仔细考虑(一遍)”。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Think over, and you’ll find a way.仔细考虑一下,你就会有办法的。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(5)think up与think out均可译成“想出”,但它们与think over不同,think over更加侧重思考的过程,而think out/up侧重思考后的结果。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: We have thought carefully over your proposal of yesterday.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我们已经仔细思考了你昨天的那个建议。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Who can think out the solution to the problem?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">谁能想出这个问题的解决办法?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. seem, look与appear<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">这三个词都可作“看上去好像”解,但各自有自己的适用范围及结构。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)seem指来自内心的“判断”,可以与to be连用,也可用于句型:It seems as if/that从句;There seems to be…中。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He seems to be a bit angry today.他今天看上去有点生气。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It seems as if it were spring already.(虚拟语气)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">看上去好像已经是春天了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It seems that he has made some serious mistakes in his work.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他好像在工作上犯了很严重的错误。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">There seems (to be) no need to go.看上去没有必要走。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)look指从外表上看,它可用于look like介词短语,sb./It looks as if从句中。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He looks like his father.他看上去像他的父亲。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It looks as if we shall have to walk home.看上去我们要步行回家了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)appear指给人以表面的印象,可用于It appears that从句或There appears to be…句型中。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It appeared that he was talking to himself.看上去他好像在自言自语。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">There appeared to be only one room.看上去只有一间房间。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. respected, respectable与respectful<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)respected与respectable的含义相同,表示“可敬的;值得尊敬的;有身份的;体面的”的意思(=worthy of respect)。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">His parents were poor but respectable/ respected.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他父母虽然穷,但值得敬重。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)respectful后接to或towards,表示“崇敬;有礼貌”的意思。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He was always respectful to the aged.他一贯尊重老人。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. not …any longer与not…any more<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">这两个短语都有“不再”的意思,但也有不同之处。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)not…any longer=no longer,多与延续性动词连用,指“与过去比不再……”,句子常用现在时。no longer在句中位于行为动词前面,be动词后面。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: He doesn’t work at the factory any longer.他不再在那家工厂工作了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">You should believe me, I am no longer a child.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">你应该相信我,我已不再是孩子了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)not…any more=no more,常与瞬间动词连用,指“今后不再……”,句子常用将来时,过去时,表数量或程度时,常用no more。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He is not polite. I’ll not got there any more.他没礼貌,我再也不会去那儿了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">There is no more water in the pond.池子里没有什么水了。(数量)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5. fight for, fight against与fight with<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)fight for意为“为(事业、自由、真理、权利等)而斗争(战斗)”,其后大多接抽象名词,有时可接表示人的名词。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">They are fighting for freedom and independence.他们正为自由独立而战。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">We fight for the cause of communism.我们为共产主义事业而奋斗。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)fight against后接事物名词时,意为“为反对……而斗争”,接人,国家名词时,意为“和(同)……斗争(战斗)”,这时可用fight with代替,只是前者语气强。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He led the workers in fighting against oppression and exploitation.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他领导工人进行反对压迫和剥削的斗争。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">England fought with/ against Germany in that war.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">在那次战争中,英国和德国作战。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)fight with只接人或国家的名词,除表示“同(和)……战斗(斗争)”的意义外,在含fight against的句子里出现with,这时还表示“和……在一起同……战斗”的意思。 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">We fought with disease.我们同疾病作斗争。<o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:51:44
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">三、语言点讲解<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1.…, but we must also realize that what we know and what we have learnt may also limit our thinking.但是我们也必须要意识到,我们所知道与所学的东西可能也会使我们的思维受局限。<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">what we know与what we have learnt为两个名词性从句,由and连接,在本句话中作宾语从句的主语。但当名词性从句作主语时,同学们总是把握不好句子的谓语动词该用单数还是复数,现解释如下:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)当由一个what引导的名词性从句作主语时,谓语的单复数形式取决于它后面的名词。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">What we need is water/money.我们所需要的是水/钱。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">What we need are experienced teachers.我们所需要的是有经验的老师。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)当由and连接并列两个what所引导的名词性从句时,谓语动词要用复数形式。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">What you have seen and what you have heard are true.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">你所看到与听到的事情都是真的。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)当由and连接并列两个疑问副词(when, where, why, how)所引导的名词性从句做主语时,谓语动词用单数。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">When and where we will hold the meeting is not decided yet.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我们什么时候及在哪开会还没有决定。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. The more ways we have of looking at a problem, the more likely it is that we can find a solution.我们看问题的方法越多,就越有可能找到解决办法。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">“the+比较级+主+谓,the+比较级+主+谓”这一句型的含义为“越……,就越……”。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The more, the better.越多越好。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The harder you work, the more progress you will make.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">你越努力,就会取得越多进步。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">注:如上一句所示,progress为名词,无比较级,所以要借助于more。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. According to Leonardo da Vinci, problems which had seemed impossible could be solved if he changed the way he described the problem.根据莱奥纳多·达芬奇所言,如果改变描述问题的方式,那些看上去不可能的问题也能解决。此句中包含两个定语从句:(1)which had seemed impossible, which所引导的定语从句修饰先行词problems(2)he described the problem为省略了关系代词的定语从句,修饰先行词the way。也就是说,当the way作先行词时,关系代词可用in which/that不填,这是高考考查的重点。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I don’t like the way in which (that/不填)you speak to her.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我不喜欢你对她的那种讲话方式。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. Thomas Edison made a rule saying that he had to make an invention every ten days.托马斯·爱迪生给自己制定了一个规定,必须每隔九天发明一件物品。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)saying that…every ten days为现在分词短语在句中作后置定语,相当于…which said that…所引导的一个定语从句。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He wrote his parents a letter saying that he would come back the next week.他写信告诉父母他下星期要回来。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)every ten days译为“每十天或每隔九天“,其中every是“每,每隔”的意思。every在表示此含义时有两个结构:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">①every+基数词+名词(复)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②every+序数词+名词(单)  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He would water the flowers every two days/every twice day.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他每隔一天浇一次花。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">但是“每隔一……”的另外一种表达为“every other+ <I>n.</I>(单)”。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">every other line每隔一行  every other day每隔一天<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">“每隔几……”则可表达成“every+ few+ <I>n.</I>(复)”。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">every few days/months 每隔几天/几个月<o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:52:31
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">四、典型病句诊断<B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1.病句:Do what you’ve been told; and you will be punished.<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">诊断:Do what you’ve been told; otherwise/or /or else you will be punished.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">点拨:上述两个分句间是转折关系,而不是并列关系,故要用otherwise/or/or else三个连词,表示“否则;不然”之意。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2.病句:Please think out what I’ve said.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">诊断:Please think over what I’ve said.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">点拨:本句话的含义为“请仔细考虑我说的话”,故用think over表示“仔细考虑”,而think out是“想出”之意。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3.病句:He looks that he has passed the exam.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">诊断:He looks as if he has passed the exam.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">点拨:look作“看上去好像……”解时,不能与that连用,但却可与like短语或as if连用。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4.病句: We no more support him.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">诊断:We no longer support him.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">点拨:no longer表“不再”,多与延续性动词连用,指“与过去比不再……”,而no more常与瞬间动词连用,指“与过去比不再……“,而no more常与瞬间动词连用,指“今后不再”。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5.病句:The dogs were fighting with the possession of a bone.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">诊断:The dogs were fighting for the possession of a bone.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">点拨:fight for…表示“为……而战”,而fight with表示“同……并肩作战”。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6.病句:What he has said inspire us.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">诊断:What he has said inspires us.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">点拨:what he has said指代“他所说的话”,不可数,谓语动词用单数形式。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">7.病句:Do come to see me every a few days.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">诊断:Do come to see me every few days.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">点拨:当few被every, last, past, next, some, very等词修饰时,表示的是肯定意义,few前不再有冠词。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">in the last few minutes在最后几分钟<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">8.病句:We admired him for the way which he faced his difficulties.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">诊断:We admired him for the way in which/that/不填  he faced his difficulties.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">点拨:the way为先行词时,关系代词可用in which, that或不填。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">9.病句:The factory has increased their product by using better methods and tools.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">诊断:The factory has increased their production by using better methods and tools.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">点拨:production有“产量”之意,而product没有。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">10.病句:You can apply for the consul to a visa.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">诊断:You can apply to the consul for a visa.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">点拨:此句的含义是“你可以向领事申请签证”。apply to sb. for sth.是“向某人申请某物”之意。
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:53:24
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">五、类文阅读针对性练习(16分,15分钟)<B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=center><B>A<o:p></o:p></B>
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=center><B>Dog Translation Products Coming to U.S.<o:p></o:p></B>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A Japanese toy maker declares that they have developed a gadget(小器具) that translates dog barks into human language and plans to begin selling the gadget—under the name of Bowlingual—in U.S. pet stores and gift shops this summer.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Tokyo-based Takara Co. Ltd. Says about 300,000 of the dog translator gadgets have been sold since it was on sale in Japan late last year. It is forecasting far bigger sales once an English language translation for dogs comes to America in August. The United States is home to about 67 million dogs, more than six times the number in Japan.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">“We know that the Americans love their dogs so much, so we don’t think they will mind spending $ 120 on this product,”the Takara marketing manager said during an interview at a recent pet products conference in Atlanta.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Regarded as one of the coolest inventions of 2002 by Time magazine, Bowlingual is made up of a 3-inch long wireless microphone that is fastened to a dog collar and sends out sounds to a small console(控制台)that is connected to a database(数据库). The console divides each bark into six emotional types—happiness, sadness, disappointment, anger, threat and desire—and shows common phrases, such as “You’re ticking me off”,which fit the dog’s emotional state.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Takara says it has spent millions of dollars developing the gadget in cooperation with famous sound experts and animal behaviorists.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">One thing that does appear certain is that the markets for animal translation products will likely remain a dog’s world since Takara has no plans to develop a similar gadget for cats. “They are too unpredictable(反复无常),”the marketing manager said.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. This passage mainly tells us that Bowlingual <U>__________</U> .<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. was invented in Japan                     B. has developed quickly<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. will be sold in America                    D. sells well for its price<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. The underlined word“<U>they</U>”in the last paragraph refers to <U>__________</U> .<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. markets            B. products            C. plans                 D. cats<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. When was this passage most probably published?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. In the winter fo 2002.                            B. In the spring of 2003.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. In the summer of 2002.                  D. In the autumn of 2003.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. From the passage, we can see that Takara Co. Ltd. is <U>__________</U> the sale of its new product.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. proud of            B. satisfied with     C. confident of       D. worried about<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"> <o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:54:09
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">五、类文阅读针对性练习(16分,15分钟)<B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=center><B>A<o:p></o:p></B>
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=center><B>Dog Translation Products Coming to U.S.<o:p></o:p></B>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A Japanese toy maker declares that they have developed a gadget(小器具) that translates dog barks into human language and plans to begin selling the gadget—under the name of Bowlingual—in U.S. pet stores and gift shops this summer.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Tokyo-based Takara Co. Ltd. Says about 300,000 of the dog translator gadgets have been sold since it was on sale in Japan late last year. It is forecasting far bigger sales once an English language translation for dogs comes to America in August. The United States is home to about 67 million dogs, more than six times the number in Japan.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">“We know that the Americans love their dogs so much, so we don’t think they will mind spending $ 120 on this product,”the Takara marketing manager said during an interview at a recent pet products conference in Atlanta.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Regarded as one of the coolest inventions of 2002 by Time magazine, Bowlingual is made up of a 3-inch long wireless microphone that is fastened to a dog collar and sends out sounds to a small console(控制台)that is connected to a database(数据库). The console divides each bark into six emotional types—happiness, sadness, disappointment, anger, threat and desire—and shows common phrases, such as “You’re ticking me off”,which fit the dog’s emotional state.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Takara says it has spent millions of dollars developing the gadget in cooperation with famous sound experts and animal behaviorists.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">One thing that does appear certain is that the markets for animal translation products will likely remain a dog’s world since Takara has no plans to develop a similar gadget for cats. “They are too unpredictable(反复无常),”the marketing manager said.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. This passage mainly tells us that Bowlingual <U>__________</U> .<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. was invented in Japan                     B. has developed quickly<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. will be sold in America                    D. sells well for its price<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. The underlined word“<U>they</U>”in the last paragraph refers to <U>__________</U> .<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. markets            B. products            C. plans                 D. cats<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. When was this passage most probably published?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. In the winter fo 2002.                            B. In the spring of 2003.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. In the summer of 2002.                  D. In the autumn of 2003.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. From the passage, we can see that Takara Co. Ltd. is <U>__________</U> the sale of its new product.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. proud of            B. satisfied with     C. confident of       D. worried about<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"> <o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:55:33
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=center><B>B<o:p></o:p></B>
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=center><B>An Unusual Airplane Powered by Microwaves</B><B>(微波动力飞机)</B><B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Canadian scientists have successfully tested an unusual airplane. The airplane is not powered by fuels. It is powered by microwaves. Microwaves can be produced by equipment on earth. When the microwaves hit the bottom of the plane’s wings, instruments change them into a more usual form of energy—electricity, powers the plane’s engine.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The plane was developed by the Canadian government and the University of Toronto. The plane is called the sharpfire. The sharpfire is much too small to carry people or equipment. It was built only to see if the technology would work. Sharpfire is made of light weight wood. Its wings are about three and one half meters across in its first public. A future microwave plane will be much larger than the sharpfire. The main reason for using microwave energy to power an airplane is to end the plane’s need to carry fuel. An American researcher says this technology will be very common in the next century.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5. The Canadian government and the University of Toronto developed <U>__________</U> .<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. the old plane                                         B. the unusual train<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. the microwave                                      D. the unusual microwave plane<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6. The plane sharpfire was designed <U>__________</U> .<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. to carry people                                      B. to carry equipment<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. to see if the technology would work        D. to carry people and equipment<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">7. Which of the following is true according to the passage?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. The plane was developed by American government.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">B. The unusual plane is called camp-fire.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. The airplane is made of a kind of wood.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">D. A future microwave plane will be of the same size as sharpfire.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">8. What is the main reason for using microwave energy to power an airplane?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. It is to save fuel.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">B. It is to enable the plane to carry more fuel.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. It is to use electricity to power the plane’s engine.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">D. It is to end the plane’s need to carry fuel.<o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:55:55
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=left><B>【综合技能导读】</B><B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">一、生词和词组<B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. metaphor[′met<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>f<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_2b6cf54f-e201-4e9a-a5a1-c02ba89f1147.rimg" o:title="未标题-1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>(<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_9fd1167b-cac3-4204-b342-c6d5e7041c47.rimg" o:title="4"></v:imagedata></v:shape>)]<I>n.<o:p></o:p></I>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(example of) the use of words to indicate sth. different from the literal meaning 隐喻;暗喻  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The sentence that he has a heart of stone is a metaphor.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">“他铁石心肠”这句话是一个暗喻。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">▲[反]simile[′sImIlI]<I>n.</I> comparison of one thing to another明喻  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">a heart like stone  铁石心肠(明喻有<U>比喻词</U>)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. storage[′st<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_9d31db3e-3732-4fe3-ab4f-ec9d764f125e.rimg" o:title="5"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>rId<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_35bf39ca-94cd-4496-8aff-c032ca0538cc.rimg" o:title="1"></v:imagedata></v:shape>]<I>n.</I> [U] storing of goods储存;贮藏  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">put one’s furniture in storage把家具存放起来<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">keep fish in cold storage冷藏鱼<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">▲store[st<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_9d31db3e-3732-4fe3-ab4f-ec9d764f125e.rimg" o:title="5"></v:imagedata></v:shape><v:shape><v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>cr]<I> n.&amp;vt.</I> 贮藏;储备  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">She keeps a store of amusing stories in her head.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">她头脑里有许多有趣的故事。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Do all squirrels store (up) food for the winter?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">是不是所有的松鼠都为冬天储备食物?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. paste[peIst]<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)<I>vt.</I> stick with paste粘贴  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">paste up a notice张贴告示<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">paste up cracks with paper用纸贴补裂缝<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)<I>n.</I> [U] ①soft mixture of flour面团;面糊<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②preparation of food-stuffs糊;酱  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">fish-paste  鱼糊<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. glue[glu<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>](1)<I>n.</I> [U]thick, sticky liquid used for joining things胶水;胶<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)<I>vt.</I> stick with glue用胶粘合  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">glue two pieces of wood together将两块木头粘在一块<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5. Eniac[′i<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_152ad249-fabf-4b56-974a-ca7c1cdf668e.rimg" o:title="12"></v:imagedata></v:shape>nI<v:shape> <v:imagedata src="./g2v4yyb5590a01.files/res_77f16437-ee35-49e0-b2cb-7f282ff78dd0.rimg" o:title="8"></v:imagedata></v:shape>k]<I>n.</I> 电子数字积分计算机<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6. be similar to: like; of the same sort类似的;同样的  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Mary’s hat is similar to Jane’s.玛丽的帽子和简的差不多。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Gold is similar in colour to brass.金子和黄铜的颜色相似。<o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:57:11
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">二、语言点讲解<B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. Anywhere we go, we can hear the ringing of a cellphone, the tapping on a keyboard or the clicking of a mouse.无论我们去哪,我们都能听到手机的铃声,敲击键盘和鼠标的声音。<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">此句为一个让步状语从句,anywhere we go=no matter where we go.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: Anywhere you go, I will find you.无论你走到哪里,我都要找到你。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. We are said to be living in the “Information Age”, a time of new discoveries and great changes.据说我们正生活在一个信息时代,一个充满发明与变化的时代。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)a time of new discoveries and great changes是“Information Age”的同位语。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)We are said to be…=People say that…/It is said that…,译为“据说”,可用于此结构的词还有:believe, consider, know, admit, suppose, hope等。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It is known that the earth moves around the sun.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">众所周知,地球绕着太阳转。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He is considered to be an honest man.他被认为是一个诚实的人。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. After all, what makes a new invention such a wonderful thing is that it allows us to do something we couldn’t do before.毕竟使一项新发明成为如此奇妙的事情就在于它可以让我们做以前不能做的事。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)after all译为“毕竟”,“终究”,“别忘了”之意  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He failed after all, in spite of all that had been done.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">虽然已尽了一切努力,他终究还是失败了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Let her be. After all, she is 18 years old.让她去吧,毕竟她已经18岁了。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)此句中包含两个从句,一个是what所引导的主语从句,一个是that所引导的表语从句,它们均属于名词性从句,是高考常考的一个重要句法。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: What I asked him is when and where the story happened.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我问他那个故事发生于何时何地。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">What we can’t get seems better than what we’ve got.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我们所得不到的东西看上去要比得到的好。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. Now that we are developing new technology at such a high pace, the true challenge is to find new ways of using it.既然我们正高速地发展新技术,真正的挑战就在于寻找新的使用途径。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(1)句中now that=since,译为“既然”,“由于”,表示众所周知的原因。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: Now that he can’t answer the question, you’d better ask someone else.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">既然他回答不了这个问题,你最好问别人吧。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Now that you are grown up, you should learn to be independent.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">既然你长大了,就应该学会独立。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)at a … pace/ speed/ price(of) 为固定词组,意为“以……的速度/价格”。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: He sold all of his fruit at a low price.他以低价售出了所有的水果。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">traveling at full/top speed以全(高)速行进<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">注:此词组后要与具体数词连用时,前面用不定冠词a;但若与名词连用则用the。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The ship travels at a speed of thirty miles an hour.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">船以每小时30英里的速度前进。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Sound travels at the speed of light. 声音以光的速度进行传播。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5. Be creative and don’t be afraid to make mistakes.要有创造力,不要怕犯错误。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">be afraid to do sth.表示主语“不敢做某事”,而be afraid of doing sth.侧重主语“担心,恐怕”某事发生。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He was afraid to go home, for his father might punish him.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他不敢回家,怕他父亲会惩罚他。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He was afraid of being punished by his father.他担心会被父亲惩罚。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6. Keep track of your mistakes and try to learn from them.跟踪你所犯错误,并且设法从中吸取教训。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">keep track of sb./sth.与……保持接触;跟上……的进程或发展  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Read the newspapers to keep track of current events.阅读报纸熟悉时事。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">[反]lose track of sb./sth. 失去接触;跟不上  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">After the war, they lost track of each other.战后,他们彼此失去了联系。
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:58:13
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">三、综合技能针对性练习(45分,30分钟)<B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(一)单项选择(每小题1分,共15分)<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. I don’t think your views are similar <U>__________</U> mine. So I don’t agree <U>__________</U> either of you <U>__________</U> many things.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. with; to; on                                          B. with; over; on<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. to; to; on                                       D. to; with; on<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2. I don’t know the restaurant, but it’s <U>__________</U> to be quite a good one.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. said                  B. told                   C. spoken                     D. talked<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3. I can’t find my umbrella <U>__________</U> .<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. where               B. wherever           C. anywhere                 D. somewhere<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4. If the earthquake had happened in the day-time, there <U>__________</U> many more deaths.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. were                                             B. would have been<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. had been                                       D. would be<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5. He was absent for two weeks, so he had a lot of  homework to <U>__________</U> .<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. take up             B. put up               C. make up                   D. pick up<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6. It isn’t so much whether he works hard; the question is whether he works <U>__________</U> .<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. at all                 B. above all            C. after all                    D. in all<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">7. Listen! There <U>__________</U> some trouble with radio.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. seems to have                                B. seems to<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. seems to be                                          D. seems that<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">8.<U>__________</U> Peter had won the first place in the 100-meter dash.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. He was said that                             B. They were said that<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. There was said that                        D. It was said that<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">9.<U>__________</U> he is, he will be thinking of you.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. Wherever          B. Where               C. Whether                   D. That<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">10.<U>__________</U> you’ve got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. (1999,全国,1分)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. Now that           B. After                 C. Although                  D. As soon as<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">11.<U>__________</U> she couldn’t understand was <U>__________</U> fewer and fewer students showed interested in her lessons.(2000,全国,1分)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. What; why        B. That; what         C. What; because          D. Why; that<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">12. My handwriting is almost nothing <U>__________</U> yours.[N]<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. comparing to                                 B. compare to<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. comparing with                              D. compared with<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">13. A lot of things can be <U>__________</U> iron.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. made out of                                          B. made up to<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. made up                                        D. made out<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">14. I bought these books <U>__________</U> one yuan a copy.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. by                    B. at                      C. on                           D. in<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">15. I was afraid <U>__________</U> to my customers because I was afraid <U>__________</U> them.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A. of talking back; to lose                    B. of talking back; of losing<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">C. of talk back; to lose                        D. to talk back; of losing<o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 12:59:19
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(二)完形填空(每小题1.5分,共30分)<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">As science developed rapidly in the direction of technology, it supplies man a better and more comfortable <U>___1___</U>.Men will be working shorter and shorter hours,<U>___2___</U> housewives will also be able to have more free time. Can you <U>___3___</U> doing housework without a housewife? Scientists believe this will <U>___4___</U> into realities in not very long time, and perhaps during your lifetime house-robots will take <U>___5___</U> of housewives.<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">When I <U>___6___</U> this kind of machine with housewives, some 90 percent of them replied<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>___7___</U>,“How soon can I buy one?”The other 10 percent said,“I would be terrified to see it <o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>___8___</U> about my house.”But when I explained to them that it could be turned <U>___9___</U> or stopped, they quickly realized that it was a <U>___10___</U> object.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">In my own <U>__11__</U> we have found that the washing-up machine is regarded as a good<U>__12__</U>in the room. There’s no greater <U>___13___</U> than to go to bed in the evening and <U>___14___</U> that the washing-up is being done downstairs after we are <U>___15___</U>.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Some families would <U>___16___</U> to have their robot slaves <U>___17___</U> all the downstairs housework after they were in <U>___18___</U> at night, while others would have it <U>___19___</U> in the mornings. But this would be entirely a matter of <U>___20___</U>.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1.A. machine                B. house                C. life                    D. sleep<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2.A. even though           B. while                 C. however            D. so<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3.A. think                     B. enjoy                 C. infer                 D. imagine<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4.A. turn                      B. be turned           C. produce            D. be produced<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5.A. place                     B. places               C. a place                     D. the place<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6.A. discussed                     B. supplied             C. helped               D. sold<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">7.A. coolly                    B. immediately       C. politely              D. slowly<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">8.A. moving                  B. talking               C. jumping             D. playing<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">9.A. into                       B. on                     C. over                  D. off<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">10.A. terrible                 B. useful                C. real                   D. future<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">11.A. home                   B. opinion              C. future               D. time<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">12.A. furniture                     B. pet                    C. hand                 D. person<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">13.A. trouble                 B. pleasure             C. choice               D. object<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">14.A. know                  B. feel                   C. notice               D. find<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">15.A. home                   B. tired                  C. out                   D. asleep<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">16.A. use                      B. rather                C. feel like             D. like<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">17.A. to do                   B. doing                C. do                    D. wash<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">18.A. work                   B. bed                   C. need                 D. house<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">19.A. to do                   B. doing                C. done                 D. do<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">20.A. choice                 B. practice             C. idea                  D. quality<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"> <o:p></o:p>
July 发表于 2006-5-21 13:00:14
< 21.1pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.55pt" align=left><B>【单元语法讲解】</B><B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">一、单元语法知识归纳:<B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">定语从句<B><o:p></o:p></B>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(一)定义<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">As a general rule, the most successful man in life is the man who has the best information.一般说来,生活中最成功的人是获得最佳信息的人。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(二)分类<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">根据定语从句与先行词的关系是否密切,它可分为限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句两种。限制性定语从句是句中不可缺少的组成部分,主句和从句之间不用逗号分开。非限制性定语从句是对主句先行词的补充说明,没有这个从句,不影响主句意思的完整。一般用逗号分开。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">We’re going to do something that’s never been done before.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我们要做以前从未做过的事。(限制性定从)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I have lost the pen, which I like very much.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我丢了那支我十分喜欢的笔。(非限制性定从)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(三)关系词<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1. 引导限制性定语从句的关系代词:<o:p></o:p>
<TABLE medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; MARGIN-LEFT: 41.4pt; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 border=1>

<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 69.3pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=92>
<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>指代对象<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>指代人<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>指代物<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>既可指人也可指物<o:p></o:p></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>主语<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>who, that<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>which, that, as<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>that<o:p></o:p></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>宾语<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>whom, that<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>which, that, as<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>that<o:p></o:p></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>定语<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>whose<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center>whose<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P 21pt; TEXT-ALIGN: center; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt" align=center> <o:p></o:p></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: The doctor whom/that you are looking for is in the room.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">你正找的那位医生在屋子里。(指人,作宾语。)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">A man who/that is perfectly pleased with the present state of things is a failure.完全满足于现状的人是个失败者。(指人,作主语)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Do you know the man whose name is Wang Bing?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">你知道那个叫王兵的人吗?(指人,作定语)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The building which/that stands near the river is our shool.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">河边矗立的那座建筑物是我们的学校。(指物,作主语)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Is this the book which/ that she was looking for?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">这是她刚找的那本书吗?(指物,作宾语)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The building whose windows face south was built last year.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">那栋窗户朝南开的楼房是去年建的。(指物,作定语)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">注:whom, which作介词宾语时,介词一般可放在whom/which之前,也可放在从句原来的位置上;但在含有介词的动词固定词组中,介词只能放在原来的位置上。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The room in which there is a machine is the workshop.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">有机器的那间房是车间。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">This is the person whom you are looking for.这是你要找的那个人。
July 发表于 2006-5-21 13:01:09
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2.引导非限制性定语从句的关系代词:<o:p></o:p>
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<TR>
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< center" align=center>指代对象<o:p></o:p></TD>
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< center" align=center>指代人<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center>指代物<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center>既可指人也可指物<o:p></o:p></TD></TR>
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<P center" align=center>主语<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center>who<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center>which, as<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center>无<o:p></o:p></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P center" align=center>宾语<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center>whom<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center>which, as<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center>无<o:p></o:p></TD></TR>
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<P center" align=center>定语<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center>whose<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center>whose<o:p></o:p></TD>
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<P center" align=center> <o:p></o:p></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: I have two sisters, who are both students.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我有两个姐姐,她们都是学生。(指人,作主语)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">She is a lovely girl, whom we all like.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">她是一个我们都喜欢的可爱的女孩。(指人,作宾语)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">His new house, which is situated at the foot of the hill, is very big.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他的新房子坐落在山脚下,很大。(指物,作主语)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I like the same book as you do.(指物,作宾语)<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">注:(1)引导非限制性定语从句时,绝对不能用that。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(2)as与which的区别:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">①as有“正如,好像”之意,which没有。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">②as通常放在主句之前,而which通常放在主句之后。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">As is known to all, he is the best student in our class.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">众所周知,他是我们班最好的学生。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">He passed the final exam, which made us happy.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他通过了考试,这让我们很高兴。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(3)as可在定语从句中作主语、宾语、表语和状语,构成the same…as, such…as等结构。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I want to have such a dictionary as he has.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我想要一本像他那样的字典。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(4)as的常用插入语式的句式有:as is said above综上所述;as already mentioned above正如已经阐述到的;as was expected正如预料的那样;as we all know众所周知;as is reported in the newspaper正如报纸所报道的。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3.关系副词<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">常用关系副词有when, where, why。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I will never forget the day when I met Mr Liu.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我永远也忘不了见到刘先生的那天。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">This is the place where we lived for 5 years.这是我们已经居住5年的地方。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I know the reason why he came late.我知道他来晚的原因。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">注:先行词是时间、地点名词时,并非都用when/where。若从句的谓语动词是不及物动词,作状语,则用when/where;是及物动词,作主语、宾语,则用that/which。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">This is the house that/which he visited last year. 这是他去年参观过的房子。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">This is the house where he lived last year.这是他去年住过的房子。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(四)常见指物时用that而不用which的情况。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1.先行词是不定代词all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anything等。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">eg: All that we have to do is to practise every day.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我们所要做的就是每天不断练习。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2.先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰时。 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">The first lesson that I learned will never be forgotten.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">我将永远不能忘记所上的第一课。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3.先行词被all, any, every, each, few, little, no, some等修饰。 eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">I have read all the books (that) you gave me.我已经读了你给我的所有书。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4.先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last修饰时。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">It was the very book that I wanted to buy.这就是我想要买的那本书。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5.先行词既有人又有物时。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">They talked of things and persons that they remembered.<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">他们谈论着当年的人和事。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6.当句中已有which时,为避免重复。  eg:<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">Which is the desk that you want to buy?你想买哪张桌子?
July 发表于 2006-5-21 13:02:34
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">二、单元语法知识专项练习(40分,30分钟)<B><o:p></o:p></B>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">(一)汉译英(每小题2分,共20分)<o:p></o:p>
< 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">1.我有一个朋友,他有一个好相机。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>____________________________________<o:p></o:p></U>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">2.你刚才跟他说话的人是我们的新老师。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>____________________________________<o:p></o:p></U>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">3.那列火车听起来就像从我家的房子底下路过。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>____________________________________<o:p></o:p></U>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">4.窗户明亮的那幢楼是我们的教学楼。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>____________________________________<o:p></o:p></U>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">5.年轻人所竞争的比赛比较难。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>____________________________________<o:p></o:p></U>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">6.那是一个美国还有奴隶的时期。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>____________________________________<o:p></o:p></U>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">7.他们依靠自己,这样更好。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>____________________________________<o:p></o:p></U>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">8.她不想告诉我们她放弃的那个机会的原因。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>____________________________________<o:p></o:p></U>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">9.这是他20年前工作的那家工厂吗?<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>____________________________________<o:p></o:p></U>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt">10.不要谈论那些你没把握的事情。<o:p></o:p>
<P 21pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-char-indent-size: 10.5pt"><U>____________________________________<o:p></o:p></U>
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