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【同义词辨析】 2018-11-01 模范model-ideal

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发表于 4 天前 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
model: applies to something taken or proposed as worthy of imitation: a model worker.         (a new model of great power relations新大国关系)


example: applies to something, especially a person, to be imitated or, in some contexts, on no account to be imitated but to be regarded as a warning: for better or worse, children follow the ~ of their parents.       (for better or worse无论好坏,如we promise to love each other, for better or worse, through sickness and health, till death do us part我们发誓,无论情况是好是坏,无论身体健康还是疾病缠身,我们的爱至死不渝)


pattern: suggests a clear and detailed archetype or prototype: American industry sets a ~ for others to follow.           (archetype典型: 某类事物的典型完美的例子,具备其所有重要特征a perfect or typical example of a particular kind of person or thing, because it has all their most important characteristics, 如she is the archetype of an American movie star她是典型的美国影星)  (prototype原型: 最初的形式为后续发展提供样例a first or early example that is used as a model for what comes later, 如the prototypes of the modern novel现代小说原型,又如测试原型飞机testing the prototype of the C919 airplane)


exemplar: suggests either a faultless example to be emulated or a perfect typification: cited Hitler as the ~ of power-mad egomania.   注意是exemplar不是er    mania词根表示发狂,egomania自私狂,极端利己主义者  (emulate模仿并希望赶上或超越榜样to make efforts to equal or surpass what serves as a model,如strove to emulate his teachers努力模仿赶超老师)


ideal: implies the best possible exemplification either in reality or in conception: never found a suitor who matched her ~.   注意是suitor不是er


model模范: 指值得模仿的事物,example例子: 指用于模仿的事物或是用于警示的事物(这里把人especially a person也放入something的范围中),pattern模式: 指清晰详细典型原型,exemplar典型、样本: 指典型完美的例子,ideal理想: 现实中或设想中的最好可能


记忆方法: 1)首字母典范mepie想成american pie美国派<==不好的模范      原指一种类似馅饼的食品,电影之所以起名美国派,是因为男主角想尝试性爱的感觉,同学告诉他女人就像


              2)模范的意思是值得跟随模仿的人物mean someone or something held before one for guidance or imitation.
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