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高考英语考前知识扫盲清单

发布者: dreameryang | 发布时间: 2022-6-1 10:33| 查看数: 191| 评论数: 0|

高考英语考前知识扫盲清单


基数词

1. 十三      2. 十五     3. 十八    4. 二十     5. 三十     6. 四十    7. 五十    8. 九十   

答案:1.thirteen  2. fifteen  3. eighteen  4. twenty  5. thirty  6.forty  7. fifty  8. ninety
序数词
1. 第四      2. 第五      3. 第八    4.第九    5.第十二    6. 第十三    7. 第十五   8. 第十九    9. 第二十    10. 第三十     11. 第四十    12. 第五十     13. 第九十   14. 第一百

答案:1.fourth  2. fifth  3. eighth  4. ninth  5.twelfth  6. thirteenth  7.fifteenth  8. nineteenth  9. twentieth  10. thirtieth  11. fortieth  12. fiftieth  13. ninetieth  14. one hundredth
星期
1. 星期一    2.星期二   3.星期三   4.星期四    5.星期五   6.星期六    7.星期日   

答案:1.Monday  2.Tuesday  3.Wednesday  4.Thursday  5.Friday  6.Saturday  7.Sunday
月份

1.一月    2. 二月    3. 三月    4. 四月   5. 五月   6.六月   7.七月    8. 八月    9.九月    10. 十月    11. 十一月   12. 十二月   

答案:1. January  2. February  3. March  4. April  5. May  6. June  7. July  8. August  9. September  10. October  11.November  12. December
常见不规则名词的复数形式
1.man  2.woman  3.goose  4.foot  5.tooth  6.child  7.fish  8.deer  9.sheep  10.mouse

答案:1. men  2. women  3. geese  4.feet  5.teeth  6.children  7.fish  8.deer  9.sheep  10.mice
常用的介词
1. ____ a cold winter night
2. ____one’s own hand
3. ____ a high price
4. ____ one’s own=by oneself
5. ____ one’s arrival
6. ____ this way  
7. ____ a book under his arm
8. show respect ____ sb
9. ____ these words
10. ____ this news
11. buy sth ____ sb
12. bring sth ____sb
13. write sth ____ a pen
14. speak ____ a low voice
15. can’t open the door ____ knowing the password
16. ____ low spirits
17. drive ____ a high speed
18. wait ____ a while
19. ____ the Internet
20. have an effect ____sth
21. ____ Monday   
22. ____ December  
23. ____ 5:45

答案:1.on  2. in  3. at  4. on  5. on  6. in  7. with  8. for  9. with (说完这些话)  10.at (听到这个消息)  11. for  12. with (带上某物)  13. with  14. in  15. without  16. in  17. at  18. for  19. on  20. on  21. on  22. in  23. at
易错的动词-ing形式
1.live   2.stop   3.study   4.teach 5.write   6.lie   7. lay   8. die  9.carry

答案:1.living  2. stopping  3. studying  4. teaching  5.writing  6.lying  7.laying  8.dying  9.carrying
八常考不规则动词的过去式和过去分词
1. put  2.set  3.read  4.go  5.take  6.come  7.make  8.get  9.bring  10.keep  11.hold  12.buy  13.think  14.teach  15.sell  16.catch  17.sit  18.spend  19.build  20.find  21.hear  22.tell  23.feel  24.break  25.know  26.grow  27.see  28.drive  29.draw  30.give  31.fall  32.write  33.ride  34.forbid  35.lie  36. lay  37.bear  38.begin

答案:
1. put-put-put  
2. set-set-set
3. read-read-read  
4. go-went-gone  
5. take-took-taken
6. come-came-come
7. make-made-made  
8. get-got-got
9. bring-brought-brought
10. keep-kept-kept  
11. hold-held-held
12. buy-bought-bought
13. think-thought-thought
14. teach-taught-taught  
15. sell-sold-sold
16. catch-caught-caught
17. sit-sat-sat
18. spend-spent-spent
19. build-built-built  
20. find-found-found  
21. hear-heard-heard  
22. tell-told-told
23. feel-felt-felt  
24. break-broke-broken
25. know-knew-known
26. grow-grew-grown
27. see-saw-seen
28. drive-drove-driven
29. draw-drew-drawn
30. give-gave-given
31. fall-fell-fallen
32. write-wrote-written
33. ride-rode-ridden
34. forbid-forbade-forbidden
35. lie(躺)-lay-lain
36. lay-laid-laid
37. bear-bore-born
38. begin-began-begun
不规则形副词比较级和最高级

1.good/well    2. bad/ill  3. many/much  4.little  5. old  6. far

答案:
1. good/well-better-best   
2. bad/ill-worse-worst  
3. many/much-more-most
4. little-less-least
5. old-older/elder-oldest/eldest
6. far-farther/further-farthest/furthest
常见形容词的副词形式
1.happy  2.simple  3.whole  4.true  5.automatic  6.hurry  7.expect  8.increase  9.surprise  10. rude  11.wide  12. true  13.safe  14. gentle  15. probable/possible  16. simple  17. terrible

答案:1.happily  2.simply  3.wholly  4.truly  5.automatically 6.hurriedly  7.unexpectedly  8.increasingly  9.surprisingly 10. rudely  11. widely  12. truly  13.safely  14.gently  15.probably/possibly  6.simply  17.terribly

形副同形:1.go to school early/late  2.work hard  3.get close to sb  4.climb high  5.go far  6.run fast
11代词变化表


                               
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12特殊的词性转换
1. choose ___________n.
2. brave ___________n.
3. advise ___________n.
4. important ___________n.
5. success ___________adj./v.
6. fail ___________n.
7. laugh ___________n.
8. fortune ___________adv./n. (否)
9. fly ___________n.
10. like ___________vt.(否)/adj.
11. behave ___________n.
12. compare ___________n.
13. die ___________n./adj.
14. emphasize ___________n.
15. analyze ___________n.
16. describe ___________n.
17. act ___________adj./n.
18. anger/hunger ___________adj.
19. discover ___________n.
20. difficult ___________n.
21. mistake ___________adj.
22. lose ___________n.
23. introduce ___________n.
24. apologize ___________n.
25. anxiety ___________adj.
26. safe/cruel  adj.→n. ___________
27. wise/free  adj.→n. ___________
28. short/marry  adj./v.→n. ___________
29. strong/long/grow/wide/dead  adj./v.→n. ___________
30. argue  vt.→n. ___________
31. real/similar/popular   adj.→n. ___________
32. assist/participate/apply   v.→n. ___________
33. determine/admire/explain  vt→n. ___________
34. admit/permit  v.→n. ___________

答案:
1.choice 2. bravery 3.advice 4.importance 5.successful/succeed 6.failure 7. laughter 8.fortunately/misfortune 9.flight 10.dislike/likely 11.behavior 12.comparison 13.death /dead 14.emphasis 15.analysis 16.description 17.active/action 18.angry/hungry 19.discovery 20.difficulty 21.mistaken 22.loss 23.introduction 24.apology 25.anxious 26.safety/cruelty 27.wisdom /freedom 28.shortage /marriage 29.strength/length/growth/width/death 30.argument 31.reality /similarity /popularity 32.assistant/participant /applicant 33.determination /admiration /explanation 34.admission /permission
13常用的否定前缀词
1.agree  2.cover  3.convenient  4.patient   5.use/mean/end/taste/hope    6. possible    7.correct    8.advantage    9.legal    10.polite    11.lead    12.understand

答案:1.disagree 2.uncover 3.inconvenient 4.impatient 5.useless/meaningless/endless/tasteless/hopeless 6.impossible 7.incorrect 8.disadvantage 9.illegal 10.impolite 11.mislead 12.misunderstand
14语法易拼错单词
1.是否  2.尽管  3.直到……  4.除非  5.因此  6.那时  7.比  8.在这  9.在上周三  10.一项活动  11.帮助他人  12.在网上

答案:1.whether  2.though  3.until  4.unless  5.therefore  6.then  7.than  8.here  9.last  Wednesday  10.an  activity  11.help others  12.on the Internet
15写作易拼错单词
1. 影响 vt. ________  效果 n. ________  努力 n.________   
2. 想 (过去式) vt. ________  尽管conj.________  通过 prep.________
3. 测试 n./v________  文本课本 n.________        
4. 机会 n.________  改变零钱 n./vt.________
5. 奖 n.________ 价格 n.________            
6. 东西 n.________ 想 v.________
7. 三个人 ________                             
8. 经历 v./n.________ 实验 n.________
9. 成功 v.________ n.________ adj.________     
10. 健康 n.________ adj.________
11. 诚实 n.________ adj.________   
12. 重要n.________ adj.________
13. 病人n.________ 耐心 n.________         
14. 财富n.________ 富有的 adj.________
15. 吸引v.________ 袭击 v.________  
16. 努力adv.________ 几不 adv.________
17. 影响vt. /n.________ adj.________ (infl…)   
18. 相信 vt.________ 信念 n.________
19. 意识到 vt.________ 认出 vt.________         
20. 出版 vt.________ vi.________ 惩罚 vt.________
21. 提醒 vt.________ 维持 v.________         
22. 建议 vt.________ n.________
23. 信息 n.________ 新闻 n.________         
24. 在某方面取得进步________
25. 为……做好准备 ________                        
26.采取有效的措施做某事 ________
27. ……如下。________

答案:
1. affect/effect/effort
2. thought/though/through
3. test/text
4. chance/change
5. prize/price
6. thing/think
7. three people/three persons
8. experience/experiment
9. succeed/success/successful
10. health/healthy
11. honesty/honest
12. importance/important
13. patient/patience
14. wealth/wealthy
15. attract/attack
16. study hard/hardly
17. influence/influential
18. believe/belief
19. realize/recognize
20. publish/come out/punish
21. remind sb of sth/remain to be seen
22. advise/suggest/advice/suggestions
23. information/news
24. make progress in..
25. make good preparations for …
26. take effective measures to do sth
27. …be as follows.
16常见的中国式英语(改错)
1. I often use my mobile phone to listen music.
2. We usually wait bus together.
3. All predictions don’t come true.
4. When you are convenient, please give me a call.
5. In the past 20 years our school has taken place great changes.
6. Tangshan happened aterrible earth quake in 1976.
7. There are five students are sleeping in the classroom.
8. This book is belong to mine.
9. I’m very easy to find your house.
10. Yesterday I went to home very early.
11. How many population does China have?
12. On the distant mountain was a sign, which wrote, ”No entry without being invited.”
13. I think you are necessary to go to Beijing by yourself.
14. The writer through his own experience to tell us a fact, ”Parents’ love is unconditional.”
15. Sometimes QQ can instead of telephone to chat with friends.

答案:
1. listen 后加to   
2. wait后加 for  
3.(本句式是部分否定)
4. When it is convenient for you,
5. Great changes have taken place in our school in the past 20 years.
6. Aterrible earth quake happened in Tangshan in 1976.
7. 第二个are去掉
8. This book belongs to me.
9. It’s very easy for me to find your house.
10. to 去掉
11. What is the population in China?
12. which read/said  
13. I think it is necessary for you to go to Beijing by yourself.
14. The writer tells us a fact through his own experience…
15. instead of 改为 replace/take the place of


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