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【同义词辨析】2020-04-28 工作work-business

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2020-6-2 13:58| 查看数: 104| 评论数: 1|

work: may apply to any purposeful activity whether remunerative OR not: her work as a hospital volunteer.      remunerate报酬回报=pay,较正式,通常指丰厚的报酬,如he promised to remunerate their help他承诺对他们的帮助给与回报


employment: implies work for which one has been engaged and for which one is being paid: ~ will be terminated in cases of chronic tardiness.     (engage最主要的意思是"hire雇用",还有其他几个意思: 做事从事交战订婚约定吸引注意力。如I have an engagement tomorrow我明天有个预约,如she is engaged to him她和他订婚了,如don't engage in such activities不要这样的事,如an engaging smile吸引人的笑容, 如he engages to pay the debt他答应还债,如the speaker needs to engage with the audience演讲者应该与听众有交流,如rule of engagement交战规则。此外engage还表示机械部件咬合)


occupation: implies work in which one engages regularly or by preference, especially as a result of training or experience: his ~ as a trained auto mechanic.   by preference优先首要主要             另外career也是职业,表示"长期从事"的职业,即职业生涯an occupation undertaken for a significant period of a person's life and with opportunities for progress如academic/acting/ diplomatic/literary/medical/ military/musical/political/sporting/teaching career学术/表演/外交/文学/从医/军事/音乐/从政/体育/教学生涯


calling: applies to an occupation viewed as a vocation or profession to which one has been drawn by one's nature, tastes, or aptitudes: I feel the ministry is my true ~.      profession专业是需要教育和培训的工作a work that requires education and training,更体现专一化技术性;vocation职业是需要技巧和培训的工作a work that requires skills and training,是一般的工作性质概括。区别如下: 专业1a、工作实践以专门知识和专门技术为基础  2a、工作过程需要心智和判断力  3a、工作需要自主权  4a、专业工作者需要接受高等教育,学习高深学问和专门知识  5a、工作需要不断更新知识、掌握新工具方法  6a、从业资格不易获得  7a、服务社会   职业 1b、工作实践以经验和技巧为基础  2b、工作过程以重复操作为基础   3b、工作需要服从指挥  4b、一般从业人员通过学徒培训即可  5b、工作中日益熟练和灵巧   6b、从业资格容易获得   7b、谋生手段,以上是专业profession和职业vocation7方面的区别)    aptitude天赋能力


pursuit: suggests a trade, profession, or avocation followed with zest or steady interest: her family considered medicine the only proper ~.    (trade工作手艺refers to a skilled job, typically one requiring manual skills and special training通常指需要手工技巧和训练的工作或手艺,如the fundamentals of the construction trade建筑行业的基本原则,如a carpenter by trade一个木)    zest兴致=eagerness, avidity


metier: implies a calling or pursuit for which one believes oneself to be especially fitted: from childhood I considered acting my ~.


business: may be used in the sense of work or occupation but often suggests activity in commerce or the management of money and affairs: the ~ of managing a hotel.


work工作劳动: 泛指有目的的活动,无论有无报酬,employment雇用就业: 指受雇佣的获取报酬的工作,occupation职业: 指固定从事的工作,需要培训经验,calling天职: 受天性吸引职业专业,pursuit追求: 有浓厚兴趣的专业或业余爱好,metier天职: 表示特别适合个人的,business生意: 也可指工作,但通常指从事商业金融


记忆方法: 1)首字母WEOCPMB想成PBOC中国人民银行mew喵猫叫<==工作         工的本义是"",即曲尺弯曲的尺子,但这一意义早已失落。很早之前已经引申为"工匠",即使用曲尺的人, 也是"古代对从事各种技艺的劳动者的总称",如论语欲善其事必先利其器。由工匠引申为"擅长精巧技巧",如造父于使马,如<晏子春秋>: "任人之长,不疆其短;任人之,不疆其拙"。还可作动词,如工作工人工程工业工地工事加工

               2)工作的意思是为谋生活动mean a specific sustained activity engaged especially in earning one's living.


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cancan111 发表于 2020-6-2 17:09:38
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