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【VOA】 世界上最受尊敬的音乐家之一—艾萨克·斯特恩

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发表于 2019-9-4 01:57:41 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式




I'm Sarah Long. And I'm Steve Ember with the VOA Special English program, PEOPLE IN AMERICA. Today we tell about one of the world's greatest musicians, violinist Isaac Stern.

Isaac Stern was more than a great violin player. He was one of the most honored musicians in the world. He was an international cultural ambassador. He was a major supporter of the arts in America and in other countries. He was a teacher and activist.For more than sixty years, Mister Stern performed excellent music. He performed in concerts around the world and on recordings. He played with major orchestras and in small groups. Here he plays Sergey Prokofiev's Violin Concerto, Opus Nineteen, with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.Isaac Stern was born in nineteen twenty in what is now Ukraine. His parents moved to San Francisco, California the following year. His mother began teaching Isaac the piano when he was six years old. He began taking violin lessons after hearing a friend play the instrument.Later, he began studying music at the San Francisco Conservatory. He progressed quickly. When he was sixteen, he played with the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra. The next year, he performed in New York City and was praised by music critics.During World War Two, Mister Stern played for thousands of American soldiers. It was the first time many of them had heard classical music. After the war, he was the first American violinist to perform in concert in the Soviet Union. Later, he declared that he would not perform there again until artists had more freedom to leave the country.Mister Stern had a strong connection to Israel. He supported young musicians and cultural organizations there. He performed in Israel many times, including during the Persian Gulf War in nineteen ninety-one.Isaac Stern became one of the busiest musicians of his day. He played more than one hundred concerts a year. He also became one of the most recorded musicians in history. This recording is Ludwig van Beethoven's Romance in F-Major, Opus Fifty. Mister Stern performs with the Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra.Carnegie Hall in New York City is one of the most famous places for the performance of classical music. All of the world's best musicians have played there. In nineteen sixty, there were plans to tear down Carnegie Hall and build a tall office building in its place. Mister Stern organized a committee of citizens, politicians and artists to oppose the plan. He successfully led the effort to save Carnegie Hall. Then he became president of the newly established Carnegie Hall Corporation. He held that office for forty years. In recent years, he gave a series of classes for young musicians at Carnegie Hall.Isaac Stern also supported artistic development and freedom. He was an advisor when the National Endowment for the Arts was established. This is the government agency that supports the arts in America.In nineteen seventy-nine, Isaac Stern visited China. He met with Chinese musicians and students. He taught them about classical Western music. His visit was made into a film. It is called "From Mao to Mozart: Isaac Stern in China." It won an Academy Award for best documentary film.Mister Stern loved to play music by many different composers. He found the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to be among the most difficult. Here he plays Mozart's Adagio for Violin and Orchestra with the Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra.In nineteen eighty-four, Isaac Stern received the Kennedy Center Honors Award for his gifts to American culture through music. He expressed his thoughts about the part that music plays in life. He said he believed that music makes life better for every one, especially children. He said music is an important part of a civilized life. He said people need music as much as they need bread.Mister Stern supported and guided younger classical musicians. They include violinists Itzhak Perlman and Pinchas Zukerman, cellist Yo-Yo Ma, and pianist Yefim Bronfman.Isaac Stern died in two thousand one at the age of eighty-one. He was a major influence on music in the twentieth century. He leaves the world richer with his many recordings. This one is "Humoresque" by Antonin Dvorak performed with the Columbia Symphony Orchestra.参考译文我是萨拉·隆,我是史蒂夫·恩贝尔。这里是VOA慢速英语栏目《美国人物志》。今天我们讲述世界上最伟大的音乐家之一,小提琴家艾萨克·斯特恩的故事。艾萨克·斯特恩不仅仅是一个伟大的小提琴手。他是世界上最受尊敬的音乐家之一。他是一名国际文化大使。他是美国和其他国家艺术的重要支持者。他曾是一名老师和活动家。六十多年来,斯特恩先生演奏的音乐非常棒。他在世界各地的音乐会表演,录制唱片。他与大型管弦乐队和小团体一起演奏。在这里,他与纽约爱乐乐团演奏谢尔盖·普罗科菲耶夫的小提琴协奏曲,作品十九。艾萨克·斯特恩1920年出生于现在的乌克兰。第二年,他的父母搬到了加利福尼亚的旧金山。艾萨克6岁的时候,他的母亲开始教他钢琴。他听到一个朋友拉小提琴后,就开始上小提琴的课程。后来,他开始在旧金山音乐学院学习音乐。他进步很快。16岁时,他在旧金山交响乐团演奏。第二年,他在纽约市表演,并受到音乐评论家的赞赏。二战期间,斯特恩先生为成千上万的美国军人演奏。他们中的很多人都是第一次听到古典音乐。战后,他是首位在苏联音乐会上演奏的美国小提琴家。后来,他宣布,直到艺术家有足够离开这个国家的自由后,他才会继续在那里表演。斯特恩先生与以色列关系密切。他支持那里年轻的音乐家和文化组织。他曾多次在以色列演出,包括在1991年的波斯湾战争期间。艾萨克·斯特恩成为当时最繁忙的音乐家之一。他每年演出超过100场音乐会。他也成为历史上录制唱片最多的音乐家之一。这是路德维希·凡·贝多芬的F大调浪漫曲,作品50。斯特恩先生与弗朗茨·李斯特室内乐团合作演出。纽约市的卡内基音乐厅是最著名的古典音乐表演场所之一。世界上所有最好的音乐家都曾在那里演奏过。在1960年,人们计划拆除卡内基音乐厅,并在其位置上建造一座高大的办公楼。斯特恩先生组织了一个由公民、政客和艺术家组成的委员会来反对这项计划。他成功地领导了拯救卡内基音乐厅的行动。后来他成为新成立的卡内基音乐厅公司的总裁。他担任这个职位长达四十年。近年来,他在卡内基音乐厅为年轻的音乐家教授一些列的课程。艾萨克·斯特恩也支持艺术发展和自由。全国艺术基金会成立时,他成为了一个顾问。这是支持美国籍艺术的政府机构。1979年,艾萨克·斯特恩去了中国。他见到了中国的音乐家和学生。他教授他们古典的西方音乐。他的参观被制作成了一部电影。电影的名为叫做《从毛泽东到莫扎特:艾萨克·斯特恩在中国》。它获得了奥斯卡最佳纪录片奖。斯特恩先生喜欢演奏许多不同作曲家的作品。他发现沃尔夫冈·阿玛迪斯·莫扎特的作品是最难的作品之一。在这里,他与弗朗茨李斯特室内乐团演奏莫扎特的《慢板小提琴和管弦乐队》。1984年,艾萨克·斯特恩因其通过音乐对美国文化的贡献获得肯尼迪中心荣誉奖。他表达了他对音乐在生活中所起作用的看法。他说他相信音乐能让每个人的生活更美好,尤其是孩子。他说音乐是文明生活的重要组成部分。他说人们需要音乐就像他们需要面包一样。斯特恩先生支持并指导年轻的古典音乐家。他们包括小提琴家伊扎克·帕尔曼和平查斯·祖克曼、大提琴家马友友和钢琴家耶菲姆·布隆夫曼。艾萨克·斯特恩于2001年去世,享年81岁。他在20世纪对音乐产生了重大影响。他留下了许多唱片,使这个世界变得更加丰富。这是安东尼·德沃夏克与哥伦比亚交响乐团合作演出的《诙谐曲》。



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