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【VOA】人造钻石更加环保吗?

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发表于 2019-5-16 01:15:15 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


Which Kind of Diamond Is Better for the Environment?

Which kind of diamond is better for the environment and the world we live in: a diamond from a traditional mine or one made in a laboratory? Some recent reports suggest the answer may not be so clear. At the very least, these reports provide evidence of tensions between two different sectors of the diamond industry.

哪种钻石更环保?哪种钻石对环境和我们生活的世界更有好处:传统钻石还是实验室制造的?最近的一些报道表明,答案可能并不明朗。至少,这些报告提供了钻石行业两个不同行业之间紧张关系的证据。

Lab-grown diamond companies say they are more ethical and cause less harm to Earth's environment. The traditional diamond sector notes that its businesses help the communities where they operate mines. It says they provide jobs, help build roads and other infrastructure and make investments in conservation. Some companies, such as De Beers, work on both sides. De Beers sells natural and man-made diamonds.

实验室培育的钻石公司表示,它们更有道德,对地球环境的危害更小。传统钻石行业指出,他们的业务帮助他们经营矿山的社区。他们提供就业机会,帮助修建道路和其他基础设施,并在环保方面进行投资。

In the United States, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) investigates reports of deceptive, or misleading, advertising. In April, the commission sent warning letters to eight lab-grown diamond companies. One of the FTC's concerns was the use of the word ‘eco-friendly,' and similar terms, to describe diamonds made in a laboratory. The lab-grown process requires very high temperatures and uses a lot of energy.

在美国,联邦贸易委员会(FTC)调查欺骗性或误导性广告的报告。今年4月,该委员会向8家尚在实验室发展的钻石公司发出了警告信。联邦贸易委员会的担忧之一是,在描述实验室生产的钻石时使用了“环保”一词以及类似的术语。实验室培养的过程需要很高的温度和大量的能量。

Trucost is a company that estimates the costs of using natural resources. Asked by the Diamond Producers Association to study the issue, Trucost found the carbon intensity of natural diamonds was lower than lab-grown diamonds.The Trucost report did note that diamond miners should reduce their effect on the environment by using more renewable energy, such as wind power and sunlight.The Reuters news agency reported that the International Grown Diamond Association did not immediately respond to requests for comments about the story.

Trucost是一家评估使用自然资源成本的公司。在钻石生产商协会(diamond Producers Association)的要求下,Trucost研究了这个问题,发现天然钻石的碳强度低于实验室培育的钻石。Trucost的报告确实指出,钻石开采商应该通过使用更多的可再生能源来减少他们对环境的影响,比如风能和太阳能。路透社(Reuters)报道称,国际钻石种植协会(International Grown Diamond Association)没有立即回应记者的置评请求。

I'm Susan Shand.

我是苏珊·尚德。



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