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[小学] 【考前复习】五年级英语上册知识盘点(译林版)

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发表于 2018-1-14 19:27:28 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Unit 1 Goldilocks and the three bears

一、单词(默写)

1.bear熊2.forest森林 3.there(与be连用)有4.house房子 5.soup汤6.just right正合适 7.room房间8.hard硬的9.soft柔软的10.afraid害怕的11.their他们的12.her她(宾格) 13.help救命14.beside在……旁边 15.between在……中间16.really真正地 17.then然后 18.find找到,发现19. in front of在……前面

二、词组 (默写)

1、in the forest在森林里2、 a beautiful house一座漂亮的房子3、 hungry and thirsty又饿又渴

4、some soup一些汤 5、 too cold/hot太冷/热6、 in the room在房间里7、too hard/soft太硬/软

8、three bears 三只熊9、have some cakes吃些蛋糕 10、in the kitchen在厨11、 in the fridge在冰箱里 12、find their cousin发现他们的表弟

三、句型(默写)

1. There is a house in the forest.在森林里有一个房子。

2. There is some soup on the table.在桌子上有一些汤。

3. There are three bears in front of her.在她前面有三只熊。

4. This soup is too cold.这汤太冷了。

5. What a beautiful house! 多么漂亮的房子!

6. She is hungry and thirsty.她是又饿又渴。

7.Bobby cannot(can’t) see any cakes in the fridge. 波比看不到冰箱里有蛋糕。

四.语法点(理解)

1.There be句型表示“某处有某物”

(1)其中there is 用于单数名词或不可数名词,如:

There is a pencil case in the school bag. There is some soup/milk /tea/coffee/juice/water/chocolate.

(2)There are用于可数名词的复数,如:There are some desks in the classroom.

(3)There be 句型的就近原则:be动词后面如果跟的是不止一种物品,就根据离它最近的物品选用is或are.如:There are some pictures and a telephone. There is a telephone and some pictures.

2.There be 句型的否定形式:在be动词的后面加not(is not可以缩写为isn't,are not可以缩写为 aren't)把some 改成any。 例:There is a pencil in the pencil-box.(改为否定句) There isn't a pencil in the pencil-box.

There are some crayons on the desk.(改为否定句) There aren't any crayons on the desk.

3.“some”和“any”都有“一些”的意思.“some”一般用于肯定句,“any”用于否定句和一般疑问句。但在一些表示委婉请求,想得到对方肯定回答的疑问句中,也用“some”.

例:1.There are some watermelons in the basket.(肯定句)

2.There aren't any birds in the tree.(否定句)

3.Are there any toy trains on the table?(疑问句)

4.Would you like some tea?(表委婉请求)

4.can在否定句中的用法:表示某人不能做某事时,通常在can后面加否定词not, 后面加动词原形。 Bobby cannot(can’t) see any cakes in the fridge.

5. 感叹句的结构:感叹句常用how或what来引导

(1)what引导的感叹句

a.What+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数!What a beautiful house!

b.What+形容词+可数名词复数!What nice dresses! c. What+形容词+不可数名词!

What delicious milk!

(2)how引导的感叹句How+形容词/副词!How nice!

Unit 2A new student

一、单词(默写)

1.student 学生2.classroom 教室 3.floor楼层 4.computer电脑 5. first第一,首先

6.second 第二7.third 第三8.playground 操场 9.swing秋千 10.push 推

11.heavy 重的 12.stop 停下13.high 高的 14.great 很多的,极大的

二、词组(默写)

1.a new student 一名新学生2.show ……around带领……参观

3.how many classrooms多少间教室4.in our school 在我们学校里

5.some computer rooms 一些电脑室6.a music room 一间音乐室

7.on the third floor 在三楼8. a table tennis room一间乒乓球室

9.go and have a look去看看 10.sing and dance 又唱又跳

11.drink some nice juice喝些美味的果汁12.go to the cinema 去电影院

13.have a nice ice cream 吃一个美味的冰淇淋 14.in the playground 在操场上

15.go and play 去玩一玩 16.on the swing 在秋千上

17.so heavy 真的重 18.too high太高

19.great fun 很有趣 20.play again.再玩一次

21.go home 回家 22.an art room 一间美术室

三、句型(默写)

1.Can you show her around ? 你能带领她参观吗?

2.How many classrooms are there in our school ? 在我们学校有多少间教室?

3.Our classroom is on the second floor.我们教室在二楼。

4.Are there any computer rooms ? 有一些电脑室吗?

5.Is there a music room ? 有电脑室吗?

6.Let’s go and have a look. 让我们去看看。

四、语法点(理解)

1.How many...(可数名词复数) are there...? 用于询问某处有多少...

例:How many classrooms are there in our school?

2.There be 的一般疑问句,是将be动词提前到there的前面,表示“有......?”

(1)Is there...? Yes, there is ./ No, there isn’t .

例:Is there a music room ?

(2)Are there any...?Yes, there are./ No, there aren’t.

例:Are there any books?

3.几个缩写 isn’t = is not aren’t= are not it’s = it is they’re= they are

4.序数词

one ----- firsttwo --- secondthree---- third four---fourthfive---fifth six---sixth

5.在楼层前用介词on ,on the first /second/ third floor在一/二/三楼...

Unit 3 Our animal friends

一、词汇

our animal friends我们的动物朋友 two fish两条鱼 the other 另一个

a big tail 一条大尾巴big bodies大身体 have no没有

four legs四条腿 nice wings 漂亮的翅膀red eyes红眼睛

long ears长耳朵 big arms 大手臂 big feet大脚

its body它的身体your fingers你的手指 on the farm在农场上

☆bald eagles 白头秃鹰☆polar bears北极熊 ☆a big kangaroo一只袋鼠

☆in Canada 在加拿大 ☆in Australia在澳大利亚☆like the rain 喜欢下雨

☆sunny weather 晴朗的天气 ☆come out出来 ☆carry an umbrella 拿一把雨伞

二、句型

1. I have two animal friends.我有两个动物朋友。

2. One is red and the other is black. 一个是红的另一个是黑的。

3. They have big eyes and big bodies.它们有大眼睛和大身体。

4. They have no legs and arms. 它们没有腿和手臂。

5. It has four legs and a short tail. 他有四条腿和一条短尾巴。

6. It has two legs and two nice wings. 它有两条腿和一双漂亮的翅膀。

7. He has a dog. 他有一只狗。

8. She has a bird.她有一只鸟。

9. It can talk and fly.它既会说话又会飞。

10. Do you have an animal friend?Yes, I do. 你有一个动物朋友吗?是的,我有。

11. Does it have a long tail?Yes, it does. 它 有一条长尾巴吗?是的,它有。

12. Does he have a parrot? No, he doesn’t.他有一只鹦鹉嘛?不,他没有。

13. Does she have two fish? No, she doesn’t.她有两条鱼吗? 不,她没有。

14. Do they have animal friends? No, they don’t. 他们有动物朋友吗?不,他们没有。

15. Those are not legs.那些不是腿。

16. Give it a cake. 给它一个蛋糕。

三、语音

Uu / Λ / bus, duck, summer, sun, umbrella, mum, lunch, cup, rubber, run, but, much, jump,

Sunday, subject,

四、语法 have / has的用法

1、表示某人有某物。

2、主语是第一、第二人称单数和复数时用 have, 如 I, you, we, they, the students …

主语是第三人称单数时用 has, 如 he, she, it, Helen, the bird, my father…

3、肯定句: … have / has …

We have a PE lesson on Monday morning. / It has a long tail.

否定句: … don’t / doesn’t+have …

They don’t have animal friends./ She doesn’t have a dog.

一般疑问句: Do / Does … have …Yes, …do / does. No, … don’t / don’t.

Do you have a football?Yes, I do./No, I don’t.

Does he have a toy car? Yes, he does./ No, he doesn’t.

Unit 4 Hobbies

一、词汇

sing and dance 唱歌跳舞be good at 擅长于with my brother 和我弟弟

read stories读故事in the park 在公园里play the piano弹钢琴

a lot of许多watch films看电影 talk about谈论某事

my hobby我的爱好 their hobbies 他们的爱好in winter 在冬天

very well很好 an idea一个主意a great idea 一个好主意

this afternoon今天下午 on the ice 在冰上 be good at skating 擅长溜冰

a big hole 一个大洞 in the ice 在冰里cold and wet 又冷又湿

like climbing 喜欢爬山like swimming 喜欢游泳like drawing 喜欢画画

play basketball 打篮球play table tennis 打乒乓 play football 踢足球

二、句型

1. What do you like doing?你喜欢干什么?

I like playing basketball and football.我喜欢打篮球和踢足球。

2. I can play basketball well, but I’m not good at football. 我篮球打得很好,但我不擅长足球。

3. He likes playing football too. 他也喜欢踢足球。

4. She also likes playing the piano.她也喜欢弹钢琴。

5. They both like swimming.她们都喜欢游泳。

6. What does he like doing?他喜欢干什么?

He likes drawing. 他喜欢画画。

7. What does she like doing ?她喜欢干什么?

She likes reading stories. 她喜欢读故事。

8. What do they like doing?她们喜欢干什么?

They like watching films. 她们喜欢看电影。

9. Sam and Billy talking about their hobbies. 山姆和比利谈论他们的爱好。

10. Let’s go skating this afternoon. 咱们今天下午去滑冰。

11. Look out!小心!

12. There is a hole in the ice. 冰里有一个洞。

13.Do you like wearing yellow?你喜欢穿黄色的衣服?

14. We all like climbing very much.我们都十分喜欢爬山。

三、语音

Yy / j /year, yes, yellow, you, young

四、语法

1. 询问别人喜欢干某事,What do/ does … like doing ?

喜欢干某事like doing sth,doing表示喜欢经常做一件事。主语是第三人称单数时注意like后面加s.

不喜欢干某事 don’t/ doesn’t like doing sth

2.动名词的变化规律:

a. 一般情况下在动词后面加 ing. 如 going, reading, drawing, playing…

b. 以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去e再加ing. 如 dancing, making…

c. 以“元音+辅音”结尾的重读闭音节单词,先双写辅音字母再加ing. 如 swimming, running, getting, putting…

Unit5What do they do

【单词】

a cook一个厨师 a doctor 一个医生a driver一个驾驶员 a farmer一个农民

a nurse一个护士 a policeman 一个警察a teacher一个老师 a worker 一个工人

1. teacher老师2. teach教3. writer 作家4.write 写 5.work 工作

6.at home 在家7.doctor 医生 8.help 帮助9.sick 生病 10.people 人,人们11.factory 工厂12.worker 工人13.cook 厨师14.driver 驾驶员,司机

15.farmer 农民16.nurse护士 17.policeman 警察

【词组】

1. teach English 教英语2. a lot of students =lots of students 许多学生

3. What about...?= How about....?....怎么样 4. an English teacher 一位英语教师

5. write stories写故事6. work at home 在家工作

7. help sick people 帮助生病的人8. a factory worker 一个工厂工人

9. make sweets 做糖果10. a lot of sweets 许多糖果

11. a nice car 一辆漂亮的小汽车12. make cars 制造汽车

13. so many cars 这么多汽车 14. fly in the sky 在空中飞

15. I wish 我希望

【句子】

1. What does your father do? 你的爸爸做什么的?

2. My father is a teacher. 我的爸爸是个老师。

3. He teaches English.他教英语。

4. He has a lot of students.他有许多学生。

5. What about your mother? 你妈妈呢?

6. Is she an English teacher too? 她也是个英语老师吗?

7. She’s a writer. 她是个作家。

8. She writes stories.她写故事的。

9. She works at home. 她在家工作。

10. My father is a doctor.我的爸爸是个医生。

11. He helps sick people. 他帮助生病的人。

12. My mother is a factory worker.我的妈妈是个工厂的工人。

13. She makes sweets. 她做糖果的。

14. Who’s that?那是谁?

15. There are so many cars.有那么多车。

16. Your father can’t go now. 你爸爸不能走了现在。

【语法知识】

1. 如何询问他人的职业

1)What does + 某人 (your father, David...)do ?

He / She is a / an +职业(farmer, teacher, doctor...)

例如:What does your father do?He is a doctor. 你爸爸做什么的?他是一个医生。

还可以这么问他人的职业:

2)What is + 某人? What is your father? 你爸爸做什么的?

3)What’s somebody’s job?What’s your father’s job? 你爸爸做什么的?

2. 询问“你”的职业

1) What’s your job? 你是做什么的?

I am an English teacher. 我是一个英语老师。

2)What do you do?你是做什么的

I am a worker. 我是一名工人。

动词在第三人称单数形式的变化规则

规则        例词

一般情况下,直接在动词的词尾加-s。        run - runslook - looks

see -sees say -says

以-s, -sh, -ch, -x, -o结尾的动词,一般在词尾加-es.        teach-teachesgo-goesfix-fixes

wash-washespass-passes

以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先边y为i, 再加-es.        study-studiestry- tries

以元音字母加y结尾的动词,直接在词尾加-s。        play-playsstay-stays

注意:go(三单)——goes have(三单)——has

五、作文 My family

There are three people in my family. They are my father , my mother and I . My father is a teacher. He works in a school. He goes to school by car. My mother is a doctor. She works in a hospital. She helps sick people. She likes reading books. I am a student. I like playing football . I love my family.

Unit 6知识点梳理

一、词汇

my e-friend我的网友 in the playground 在操场上wait a minute等一会

send this email 发这封电子邮件live in the UK 住在英国eleven years old 11岁

speak Chinese讲中文 have Chinese lessons 有语文课 at school在学校

study Chinese 学习汉语after school放学后what subjects 什么学科

like Maths and PE 喜欢数学和体育don’t worry 别担心 swim well 游得好

eat fish吃鱼 at a snack bar 在一家小吃店 go fishing 去钓鱼

be good at fishing 擅长钓鱼teach you教你 sit by the river 坐在河旁

many fish 许多鱼live in Canada 住在加拿大 be good at English 擅长英语

in Australia 在澳大利亚 in China 在中国 tomorrow morning 明天早上

☆know about these countries 了解这些国家☆in winter 在冬天☆turn to ice 变成冰

☆the winter weather 冬天的天气 ☆wear warm clothes 穿暖和的衣服

☆Chinese addresses中文地址☆write English addresses 写英文地址

☆know about your e-friends了解你的网友们

二、句型

1. Do you have an e-friend? 你有一位网友吗? Yes, I do. 是的,我有。

2. Do they like swimming? 他们喜欢游泳吗? No, they don’t. 不,他们不喜欢。

3. Does he have Chinese lessons?他有语文课吗?Yes, he does.是的,他有。

4. Does she like singing? 她喜欢唱歌吗? No, she doesn’t. 不,她没有。

5. What subjects does he like? 他喜欢什么学科?He likes Maths and PE. 他喜欢数学和体育。

6. What subjects does she like? 她喜欢什么学科? She likes Music and Art.她喜欢音乐和美术。

7. Let me send this email to my e-friend.让我给网友发个电子邮件。

8. Where does he live?他住在哪里? He lives in the UK. 他住在英国。

9. How old is he? 他几岁了?He’s 11 years old. 他11岁。

10. Can he speak Chinese? 他会讲汉语吗? Yes, he can. 是的,他会。

11. What does he do after school? 放学后他做什么? He studies Chinese. 他学汉语。

12. What do fish eat?鱼吃什么?They eat apples.它们吃苹果。

13. Bobby waits and waits.波比等呀等。

14. Let’s go fishing tomorrow.让我们明天去钓鱼。I can teach you.我会教你。

☆15. In winter, water turns to ice. 在冬天,水变成冰。

☆16. And sometimes it snows.有时候下雪。

☆17. We write Chinese addresses like this.我们像这样写中文地址。

三、语音

Ww/ w / watchwaterweek winterwoman weatherwe always wear

warmwrite swing wingwithwet workworkerwaitworry

四、语法

1. Does he / she …?一般疑问句

句中没有be动词,变为一般疑问句要借助助动词do / does。助动词形态由主语的人称决定。

Does he / she …?主语为第三人称单数,用does其结构为:Does +主语+谓语动词+其他?

2. What subjects does … like? 特殊疑问句

这个句子用来询问他人喜欢什么科目的疑问句。用于第三人称单数,在本句中用助动词does。注意回答时like后面要加s。

Unit 7 At weekends

一、单词(要求会读、会背、会默写)

1.参观visit2.祖父,祖母,外祖父,外祖母 grandparent3.经常often 4.总是always

5.聊天chat6.网络,互联网Internet 7有时 sometimes 8.那里there

9.春天spring 10.夏天summer11.秋天autumn 12.冬天winter

二、词组(要求会读、会背、会默写)

1.在周末at weekends        2.看望我的爷爷奶奶visit my grandparents3.吃晚饭have dinner

4.和……一起玩play…with… 5.和他们的猫一起玩play with their cat6.放风筝fly a kite

7.我们的父母our parents 8.住在英国live in the UK 9.在网上聊天chat on the Internet

10.和她的网友聊天chat with her e-friend 11. 和他/她聊天chat with him/her

12.和他们聊天chat with them13.怎么样what about14.去电影院go to the cinema

15.上舞蹈课have dancing lessons 16.踢足球play football 17.野餐have a picnic

18.她的/他的朋友们her/his friends19.去公园go to the park 20.我的家人my family

21.在公园里in the park 22.拜访李老师visit Miss Li 23.给我们看花 show us the flowers

24.看电视watch TV25.吃很多eat a lot26.打篮球play basketball27.去游泳go swimming28.出来come out29.出去get out 30.去野餐go and have a picnic31.太胖too fat

32.喜欢野餐like picnics33.喜欢打篮球like playing basketball34.我的父母my parents

35.上课have lessons36.非常喜欢猫like cats very much37.一朵漂亮的玫瑰a nice rose

三、句型(要求会读、会背、会默写)

1.What do you do at weekends ?I usually visit my grandparents at weekends.

你在周末做什么?我通常看望我的祖父母。

2.What does she do at weekends? She sometimes goes to the cinema with her friends.

她在周末做什么?她有时和她的朋友们去看电影。

3.What do they do at weekends? They often fly a kite and have a picnic.

她们在周末做什么?他们经常放风筝和野餐。

4.Su Yang and I like playing with their cat very much.我和苏洋非常喜欢和他们的猫玩。

5.I sometimes go to the park with my family.我有时和我的家人去公园。

6.She always has dancing lessons at weekends.她在周末总是上舞蹈课。

7.My grandparents live in the Uk. I usually chat with them on the Internet.

我的祖父母住在英国。我通常在网上和他们聊天。

8.Nancy often has dinner with her grandparents.南希经常和她的祖父母一起吃晚饭。

9.I don’t like playing basketball.我不喜欢打篮球。

10.He doesn’t like playing basketball.他不喜欢打篮球。

11.Billy is too fat. He can’t get out. Billy太胖了。他不能出去了。

12.Football is very popular in the UK.足球在英国很受欢迎。

13.Baskettball is very popular in the US.篮球在美国很受欢迎。

14.Table tennis is very popular in China.乒乓球在中国很受欢迎。

四、语法:1.频率副词always , usually, often , sometimes ,按其频率高低排列为:always > usually > often > sometimes。

2. 询问某人在周末做什么的句型—What (do /does ) 主语 do at weekends?

答句: 主语+动词原形/动词三单形式…….

★do / does: 助动词,由主语的人称数而定. 主语是第三人称单数时,用does, 主语是第一人称、第二人称、第三人称复数时,用do.

★答句: 如果主语是第三人称单数,则要用动词三单形式;主语是第一人称、第二人称、第三人称复数时用动词原形。

Unit 8 At Christmas 知识整理

一、        单词

1.Christmas圣诞节 *2.buy买3.present礼物 *4.next接着,然后

5. thing东西,物品 6.pretty 漂亮的 *7. put 放 *8.look看起来

9.stocking长筒袜 *10.finally最后 *11.early早早地 12.turkey火鸡;火鸡肉13.pudding布丁14.all全部15.card卡片 16.children孩子,儿童

17.message信息,消息 *18.song歌曲*19.him他 *20.us我们

*21.letter信22.storybook故事书*23.after 在…以后

二、短语

*1.玩得开心, 过得愉快,玩得高兴have a good time /have a lot of fun

*2.在圣诞节 at Christmas = on Christmas Day *3.看起来很棒/伤心 look great/sad

*4.买礼物给某人buy presents for sb. ( buy presents for me/you/him/her/us/my parents/Mike,etc )

5.去看圣诞老人 go to see Father Christmas*6.在圣诞树下 under the Christmas tree

7.平安夜Christmas Eve*8.唱圣诞歌曲sing Christmas songs

*9.圣诞快乐!Merry Christmas!10.放一些好看的东西put some pretty things

*11.等待礼物wait for presents*12.吃大餐,吃一顿丰盛的午餐/晚餐have a big lunch/dinner *13.早早醒来wake up early14.对折一张卡片fold a card

15.画画draw a picture/pictures 16.写上你的信息write your message

*17.给他写封信write him a letter*18.放学后 after school

19.把果汁弄到我的夹克衫上get juice on my jacket20. 向上跳jump up

三、句子

*1. What do we usually do on Christmas Day ? 圣诞节,我们通常干什么?

*2 .First, we go shopping.首先,我们去购物。

3. Next, we put some pretty things on the Christmas tree.

接着,我们把一些漂亮的物品挂在圣诞树上。

4.Then, we put a stocking on our beds and wait for presents.

然后,我们把长筒袜放在床头,等待礼物。

*5. Finally, we have a big lunch. 最后,我们吃大餐。

*6.We all have a good time at Christmas.圣诞节 我们都过得很愉快!

*7.What’s wrong with him?他怎么了?

四、语法:

1、掌握副词first, next, then, finally的用法,它们都是表示时间的副词,用来说明事情发生的先后顺序。它们一般放在句首或句末。

2、have的用法

1)表示“有”的意思,如:I have a big Christmas tree.我有一棵大圣诞树。

2)表示用餐:have+三餐的名称。如:They have a big dinner at Christmas.他们在圣诞节吃一顿丰盛的晚餐。

3)表示“吃;喝”: have+食品或饮料。如:Have some juice, please. 请喝些果汁。

4)表示:“进行;举行”: have+表示某种活动的名称。如:

We sometimes have a picnic at weekends.在周末我们有时举行野餐。

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