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【语法】这道考题难道不是考查“强调句”吗?

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发表于 2017-11-29 14:34:18 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
请看下面一题,它是考查强调句式吗?

It might have been John _____ bought a new book for Mary yesterday.

A. what

B. since

C. that

D. then

此题应选 C。此题的难点在于考生看不出这是一个强调句型,因为主句的谓语动词be采用了might have been这一复杂形式。此句若改为非强调句,则可以是:

John might have bought a new book for Mary yesterday. 约翰昨天可能给玛丽买了一本新书。

将此句改为强调句(强调主语),则可以有两种形式:

a. It is John that might have bought a new book for Mary yesterday.

b. It might have been John that bought a new book for Mary yesterday.

又如:

It must be a girl that wrote the letter. 写这封信的一定是个女孩。

It might be yesterday that he left for Beijing. 他可能是昨天去北京的。

Can it be Jim that has stolen the money? 偷钱的会是吉姆吗?

It may be next week that he leaves for Paris. 他可能是下个星期去巴黎。

It might have been her boyfriend that bought so nice a handbag for her. 给她买那样好看一个手提包的可能是她的男朋友。

1. 把具有实际意义的指示代词it后面接is/was…that误认为是强调句式。

——Where did you get to know her? (07山东)

——It was on the farm ____ we worked.

A. that

B. there

C. which

D. where

答案D。该句易误作强调句型,所以A是强干扰项。这里where we worked 是定语从句,修饰the farm。It指“与她相识”这件事。该题很容易受思维定势的影响而拒绝选D,因为平日教学老师一再强调,用强调句型时即使强调地点状语,也不能用where而用that。该句如果要用itwas… that强调句型的话,可改写为“It was on the farm where we worked that I gotto know her.”

2. 把it指时间、天气、距离、环境等后接be的情形误以为是强调句型。

It was twenty miles from our city to the village ____the accidenthappened.

A. that

B.when

C. then

D.where

答案D。本题貌似It was…that强调句型,其实不然。句中It表示距离,where 引导地点状语从句。

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