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Lesson 121 The man in a hat 载帽子的男士

发布者: 雪狼 | 发布时间: 2006-7-13 08:45| 查看数: 28223| 评论数: 24|

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Lesson 121The man in a hat载帽子的男士

Listen to the tape then answer this question

Why didn't Caroline recognize the customer straight away?

听录音,然后回答问题。为什么卡罗琳没有马上认出那位顾客?

CUSTOMER:I bought two expensive dictionaries here half an hour ago, but I forgot to take them with me.

MANAGER:Who served you, sir?

CUSTOMER:The lady who is standing behind the counter.

MANAGER:Which books did you buy?

CUSTOMER:The books which are on the counter.

MANAGER:Did you serve this gentleman half an hour ago, Caroline? He says he's the man who bought these books.

CAROLINE:I can't remember. The man who I served was wearing a hat.

MANAGER:Have you got a hat, sir?

CUSTOMER:Yes, I have.

MANAGER:Would you put it on, please?

CUSTOMER:All right.

MANAGER:Is this the man that you served, Caroline?

CAROLINE:Yes. I recognize him now.

New words and expressions生词和短语

customer   ['kʌstəmə]  n.顾客

forget  [fə'get]   (forgot  [fə'gɔt]   ) v.忘记

manager  ['mænidʒə]   n.经理

serve  [sə:v]   v.照应,服务,接待

counter  ['kauntə]  n.柜台

recognize  ['rekəgnaiz]   v.认出

Notes on the text课文注释

1 to take them with me把它们带上。

them指“两本词典”。

2 The lady who is standing behind the counter,

这是一个省略句,完整的句子是“The lady who is standing behind the counter served me.”其中 who is standing behind the counter是一个以关系代词 who引导的定语从句,用来修饰前面的名词the lady。

本课带有定语从句的复合句还有:The books which are on the counter; He says he's the man who bought these books; The man who I served was wearing a hat; Is this the man that you served等,其中Which, Who, whom, that均为关系代词。

3 The man who I served was wearing a hat.

这是另一个定语从句的例子。由于被修饰的名词 the man在定语从句中是动词served的宾语,因此,关系代词应该用宾格whom,但在口语中往往用主格who。

参考译文

顾客:半小时以前我在这里买了两本很贵的辞典,但是我忘了拿走。

经理:是谁接待您的,先生?

顾客:站在柜台后面的那位女士。

经理:您买的是两本什么书?

顾客:就是柜台上的那两本。

经理:卡罗琳,半小时前你接待过这位先生吗?他说他就是买这两本书的人。

卡罗琳:我记不起来了。我接待的那个人戴着一顶帽子。

经理:先生,您有帽子吗?

顾客:有的,我有帽子。

经理:请您把帽子戴上好吗?

顾客:好吧。

经理:卡罗琳,这就是你接待过的那个人吗?

卡罗琳:是他。我现在认出他来了。

【课堂笔记】

[语法]

定语从句

定语从句像形容词一样起修饰作用,但位于所修饰的名词之后。定语从句由关系代词引导,紧跟在它所修饰的成分后面。关系代词who,whom与that修饰人,which与that修饰东西。关系代词指代从句的主语或宾语,同时又充当连接词,把从句和主句连接起来。

1、关系代词:who, whom, whose, which, that

① (先行词)人 + who/that + 动词(作主语)

The man who has white hair is Mr.White.

② (先行词)人+whose + 名词 + 动词(作定语)

I have a friend whose father is a teacher.

③ (先行词)人+ who/whom/that + 及物动词/不及物动词 + 介词(做宾语)

The man we met is my uncle.

④(先行词)物 + which/that + 动词(作主语)

which是指人以外的生命或没有生命的东西

This is the bird which always sings at night.

⑤(先行词)物+which/that + 主语 + 及物动词(作宾语)

This is the letter I received yesterday.

2、定语从句中的省略

① 当关系代词代表主语并且从句中的谓语动词是(现在)进行时时态时,关系代词及助动词be均可省略

② 如果关系代词在从句中作动词或介词的宾语,关系代词往往可以省略。定语从句可用介词结尾。

③ 如果关系代词在从句中作介词的宾语,且介词提前了,介词后的关系代词只能加whom(人)/which(物),不能用that。

The woman standing behind the counter served me.

That’s the ship we traveled on.

That’s the man I told you about.

Lesson 122Who(whom), which and that

关系代词

Listen to the tape and answer the questions.

听录音并回答问题。

New words and expressions生词和短语

road  [rəud]   n.路

written exercises书面练习

A Rewrite these sentences using who, whom or which

用who, whom或which把以下每对句子改写成一句话。

Examples:

She is the girl. She met me yesterday.

She is the girl who met me yesterday.

She is the girl. I met her yesterday.

She is the girl who(or whom) I met yesterday.

This is the book. I bought it yesterday.

This is the look which I bought yesterday.

1 This is the car. The mechanic repaired it yesterday.

2 He is the man. I invited him to the party.

3 These are the things. I bought the yesterday.

4 He is the man. He came here last week.

5 He is the policeman. He caught the thieves.

6 She is the nurse. She looked after me.

7 She is the woman. I met her at the party.

8 I am the person. I wrote to you.

B Write questions and answers

模仿例句提问并回答。

Example:

He served me.

who served you? That man?

yes, he's the man who served me.

1 She met him.

2 He sat there.

3 She made it.

4 He read it.

5 He shut it.

6 She took it.

7 He told me.

8 She saw me.

C Write questions and answers.

模仿例句提问并回答。

Example:

I met him yesterday.

Whom did you meet yesterday? That man?

yes, he's the man whom I met yesterday.

1 I saw him.

2 I telephoned her.

3 I invited him.

4 I took him to the cinema.

5 I found him in the garden.

6 I drove her to London.

7 I heard her.

8 I remembered him.


最新评论

andylaw 发表于 2007-1-12 15:04:55
谢谢,不过声音好小哦
赵金龙 发表于 2009-9-15 11:30:05
Why didn't Carolone recognize the customer straight away?

Because the customer didn't wear the hat.
hgh1239740 发表于 2009-9-30 21:26:25
i can't see it now!!!
conyxu 发表于 2009-11-24 18:51:43
Why didn't Caroline recognize the customer straight away?

Because the customer weared a hat when he bought the books.
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-3-31 10:28:31
laptop

A:

1.This is the car - The mechanic repaired it yesterday

This is the car which the mechanic repaired yesterday

2.He is the man - I invited him to the party

He is the man who I invited to the party

3.These are the things - I bought the things yesterday

These are the things which I bought yesterday

4.He is the man -He came here last week

He is the man who came here last week

5.He is the policeman- He caught the thieves

He is the policeman who caught the thieves

6.She is the nurse - She looked after me

She is the nurse who looked after me

7.She is the woman- I met her at the party

She is the woman who(m) I met at the party

8.I'm the person - I wrote to you

I'm the person who I wrote to
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-3-31 10:39:10
B:

1. She met him

Who met him?That lady.Yes, She is the lady who met him.

2,He sat there

Who sat there? Thatman.Yes, he is the man who sat there

3.She made it

Who made it ? That woman.Yes , she is the woman who made it

4.He read it

Who read it?That man.Yes, he is the man who read it

5.He shut it

Who shut it ? That man.Yes, he is the man who shut it

6.She took it

Who took it?That the lady.Yes, she is the lady who took it

7.I heard her

Who heard her?Thatwoman , Yes ,I'm the woman who heard her

8.He told me

Who told me? That manYes ,he is the man who told me

9She saw her

Who saw her?That ladyYes, she is the lady who saw her
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-3-31 10:49:04
C;

1.I saw him

Whom did you see ?That man. Yes, he's the man whom I saw

2.I telephoned her

Whom did you telephone ? That woman. Yes.she's the woman who I telephoned

3.I invited him

Whom did you invite ? That man. Yes, he's the man whom I invited

4.I took him to the cinema

Whom did you taketo the cinema?That man.Yes, he's the man whom I took to the cinema

5.I found him in the garden

Whom did you find in the garden? That man.Yes, he's the man whom I found in the garden

6.I drove her to London

Whom did you drive to London? That woman.Yes, she's the woman whom I drove to London

7.I heard her

Whom did you hear?That woman . Yes, she's the woman whom I heard

8. I remembered him

Whom did you remember ? That man.Yes. he's the man whom I remembered
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-3-31 10:55:45
I bought two expensive dictionaries here half an hour ago. But I forgot to take them with me. Who served you, sir? The lady who is standing behind the counter. Which books did you buy? The books which are on the counter. Did you serve this gentleman half an hour ago,Caorline?He says he's the man who bought these books. I can't remember. The man whom I served was wearing a hat. Have you got a hat,sir? Yes, I have. Would you put it on, please. All right. Is this the man who you served half an hour ago? Yes,I recognize him now.
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-3-31 11:15:18
The text story us: A man went to the bookshop. He bought two expensive dictionaries .But he forgot to take them with him. Then he went back to get him books. So he and the manager of the bookshop's happened to a few things. Because just as hewas buying the books is wearing a hat.But he doesn't wear that hat now.When the manager asked the Caroline :'Did you serivethe man and known him?" Caroline says that she can't remember. She says that she only rememberthe man was wearing a hat to buy the books. So the manager asked the man :'Have you got a hat?' The man answered that he has got a hat . Then he wears a hat . Caorline recognizes him at once
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-10-1 11:34:04
1.Who served you?The man who/that is standing behind the counter

2.Who is making all that noise?The men who/that repairing the road

3.I served her yesterday. She is the woman who(m)/that I served yesterday

4.I saw them yesterday.. They are the men who(m)/that I saw yesterday

5.Which book did you buy? The books which are on the counter

6.Which dog is yours? The dog which /that is carring that basket

7.He is the policeman. He caught the thieves. He is the policeman who/that caught the thieves

8.She is the person, I met her at the party. She is the person who(m)/that I metat the party.

9.This is the car. the mechanic repaired it yesterday. This is the car which/that the mechanic repaired yesterday.

10.
yuxxlt 发表于 2010-10-1 11:40:00
The man in a hat

I bought two expensive dictioneries here half an hour ago. But I forgot to take them with me. Who served you,sir? The lady who is standing behind the counter. Which books did you buy? The books which are on the counter. Did you serve this gentalman half an hour ago,Caroline? He says he's the man who bought these books. I can't remember. I served the man who was wearing a hat. Have you got a hat.sir? Yes,I have. Would you put it on,please? All right. Is this the man that you served.Caroline? Yes, I recognize him now.
快乐小静 发表于 2010-12-19 19:59:55
本帖最后由 快乐小静 于 2010-12-19 20:03 编辑

A Rewrite these sentences using who, whom or which

用who, whom或which把以下每对句子改写成一句话。

Examples:

She is the girl. She met me yesterday.

She is the girl who met me yesterday.

She is the girl. I met her yesterday.

She is the girl who(or whom) I met yesterday.

This is the book. I bought it yesterday.

This is the look which I bought yesterday.

1 This is the car. The mechanic repaired it yesterday.

This is the car which the mechanic yesterday.

2 He is the man. I invited him to the party.

He is the man whom I invited to the party

3 These are the things. I bought the yesterday

These are the things which I bought yesterday.

4 He is the man. He came here last week.

He is the man who came here last week.

5 He is the policeman. He caught the thieves.

He is the policeman who caught the thieves.

6 She is the nurse. She looked after me.

She is the nurse who looked after me.

7 She is the woman. I met her at the party.

She is the woman who I met at the party.

8 I am the person. I wrote to you.

I am the person who wrote to you
快乐小静 发表于 2010-12-19 20:13:39
模仿例句提问并回答。

Example:

He served me.

who served you? That man?

yes, he's the man who served me.

1 She met him.

Who met him?That woman?Yes,she's the woman who met him.

2 He sat there.

Who sat there?That man?Yes,he's the man who sat there.

3 She made it.

Who made it?That woman?Yes,she's the woman who made it.

4 He read it.

Who read it?That man?Yes,he's the man who read it.

5 He shut it.

Who shut it?That man?Yes,he's the man who shut it.

6 She took it.

Who took it?That woman?Yes,she's the woman who took it.

7 He told me.

Who told me?That man?Yes,he's the man who told me.

8 She saw me.

Who saw me?That woman?Yes,she's the woman who saw me.
快乐小静 发表于 2010-12-19 20:23:39
模仿例句提问并回答。

Example:

I met him yesterday.

Whom did you meet yesterday? That man?

yes, he's the man whom I met yesterday.

1 I saw him.

Whom did you see?That man?Yes,he's the man whom I saw .

2 I telephoned her.

Whom did you telephone ?That woman?Yes,she's the woman whom I telephoned.

3 I invited him.

Whom didyou invite?That man?Yes,he's the man whom I invited.

4 I took him to the cinema.

Whom did you take to the cimema?That man?Yes,he's the man whom I took to the cinema.

5 I found him in the garden.

Whom did you find in the garden?That man?Yes,he's the man whom I found in the garden.

6 I drove her to London.

Whom did you drive to London?That woman?Yes,she's the woman whom I drove to London.

7 I heard her.

Whom did you hear?That woman?Yes,she's the woman whom I heard.

8 I remembered him.

Whom did you remember?That man?Yes,he's the man whom I remember.
快乐小静 发表于 2010-12-19 20:30:51
Why didn't Caroline recognize the customer straight away?

Because the customer didn't wear his hat.The man she served was wearing a hat.
shuying201105 发表于 2011-7-29 10:45:54
She forgot to post the letter yesterday.

I forget his telephone number.
shuying201105 发表于 2011-7-29 10:48:10
He always takes some money with him.

Did you take the laptop with you?
shuying201105 发表于 2011-7-29 10:52:15
The lady served me.

The lady is standing behind the counter.

The lady who is standing behind the counter.
shuying201105 发表于 2011-7-29 10:55:55
I bought the books.

The books are on the counter.

The books which are on the counter.
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