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【同义词辨析】 2018-09-14 道德moral-noble

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2018-9-28 13:45| 查看数: 1320| 评论数: 0|

moral: implies conformity to established codes or accepted notions of right and wrong: the basic ~ values of a community.

ethical: may suggest the involvement of more difficult and subtle questions of rightness, fairness, or equity and usually implies the existence or conformance to an elevated code of standards: his strict ~ code would not tolerate it.       elevator电梯

virtuous: implies the possession or manifestation of moral excellence in character: a person not conventionally religious, but ~ in all other respects.    (excel优秀: 成绩突出preeminent=eminent突出显赫,超过他人implies an attaining of preeminence in achievement, accomplishment or quality and may suggest superiority to all others,如excels in mathematics数学优异

righteous: stresses guiltlessness or blamelessness and often suggests sanctimoniousness: responded to the charge with ~ indignation. (guilt表示至少也是重错,但比crime重罪轻些)

noble: implies moral eminence and freedom from anything petty, mean or dubious in conduct or character: had only the ~st of reasons for pursuing the case.   (标蓝的三个词虽然贬义,但语气都轻,如mean表示让人不喜欢,如心胸窄脾气坏贪婪。连这些小毛病都没有,可见noble褒义最强,贵族nobleman)

moral道德: 符合广为接受的关于正确和错误规则观念,ethical伦理: 涉及更复杂微妙的问题(difficult困难,subtle微妙难以看清),如正义公平平等,常表示更高的规则标准,virtuous高尚: 道德优秀(excellence优秀),righteous正当: 没有过错不应指责,表示不容侵犯(sanctimonious神圣不可侵犯),noble也是高尚: 道德出众(eminence出众),没有任何琐屑狭隘可疑的地方。

记忆方法: 1)首字母MEVRN想成Very Respectable MEN非常值得尊敬的人<==有道德


                 3)道德的意思是符合正确优秀的标准mean conforming to a standard of what is right and good.首字母MEVRN想成Very Respectable MEN非常值得尊敬的人<==有道德


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