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Lesson 143 A walk through the woods 林中散步

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发表于 2006-7-13 09:04:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Lesson 143A walk through the woods林中散步

Listen to the tape then answer this question.

What was so funny about the words on the sign?

听录音,然后回答问题。牌子上的字有什么可笑的地方?

I live in a very old town which is surrounded by beautiful woods. It is a famous beauty spot.

On Sundays, hundreds of people come from the city to see our town and to walk through the woods. Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy. Litter baskets have been placed under the trees, but people still throw their rubbish everywhere.

Last Wednesday, I went for a walk in the woods. What I saw made me very sad. I counted seven old cars and three old refrigerators. The litter baskets were empty and the ground was covered with pieces of paper, cigarette ends, old tyres, empty bottles and rusty tins. Among the rubbish, I found a sign which said, ‘Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted!’

New words and expressions 生词和短语

surround  [səˈraund]  v.包围


wood  [wud]  n.树林


beauty spot   [ˈbju:ti-spɔt]  风景点


hundred  [ˈhʌndrəd]   n.百


city  [ˈsiti]   n.城市


through   [θru:]  prep.穿过


visitor  ['vizitə]   n.参观者,游客,来访者


tidy  ['taidi]  adj.整齐的


litter   ['litə]   n.杂乱的东西


litter basket  ['litə-'bɑ:skit]  废物筐

place  [pleis]  v.放


throw   [θrəu]   (threw   [θru:]   , thrown   [θrəun]   ) v.扔,抛


rubbish  ['rʌbiʃ]   n.垃圾


count  [kaʊnt]  v.数,点


cover  [ˈkʌvə]   v.覆盖


piece  [pi:s]  n.碎片


tyre   ['taiə]   n.轮胎


rusty  ['rʌsti]  adj.生锈的


among  [ə'mʌŋ]   prep.在……之间


prosecute  ['prɔsikju:t]  v.依法处置


Notes on the text 课文注释

1 was covered with ... , 覆盖着……。

2 What I saw made me very sad.

句中的主语what I saw是一个以what引导的名词性从句。

3 I found a sign which said ...

这里用said不当“说”讲,而是“写着……”。

参考译文

我住在一个由美丽的树林环绕的古老小镇上。这是一个著名的风景胜地。每逢星期天,有许许多多人从城里来观赏我们的小镇,并在树林中散步。游客已被告知要保持树林的整洁。树下都已设置了废物筐,但是人们仍到处扔垃圾。上星期三我到树林里去散步。我所见到的一切使我非常难过。我数了一下,有7辆旧汽车和3个旧冰箱。废物筐是空的,而满地都是纸片、烟头、旧轮胎、空瓶子和生锈的空罐头盒。在垃圾堆中我发现了一块牌子,上面写着: “凡在此树林里丢弃垃圾者,将依法处置。”

语法知识】

1.各种时态的被动语态举例(以动词do为例)

①一般现在时(am/is/are+done)例如:

English is spokenby lots of people in the world.世界上的许多人都说英语。

Class meeting is held every Thursday.每周四都举行班会。

②一般过去时(was/were+done)例如:

The cup was broken by the boy.杯子被那个男孩打碎了。

He was saved at last.他最终获救了。

③一般将来时与过去将来时(will/shall be+done;would/should be+done)例如:

A speech will be given this afternoon.今天下午有一个演讲。

A new road will be built next year.明年要修一条新马路。

④现在进行时与过去进行时(am/is are+done;was/were+done)例如:

The machine was being repaired at this time yesterday.昨天这时,机器正在被修理。

⑤现在完成时(have / has been+done)例如:

Two hundred trees have been planted by now.到现在为止,已经种了两百棵树。

⑥过去完成时(had been+done)例如:

They said they had been invited to the party.他们说已经被邀请参加晚会。

2.含有情态动词的被动语态

情态动词的被动语态结构是:情态动词+be+过去分词。其时态句型的变化仅由情态动词完成,“be+过去分词”这一部分不变。例如:

Tables can be made of stone桌子可由石头制造的。

Tables could be made of stone at that time那时桌子可由石头制造稍的。

Can tables be made of stone?桌子能用石头制造吗?

3.主动语态变为被动语态必须注意事项

①主动句子的主语如果是people,we,you,they,somebody等等含糊地表示“人们、大家”的单词,变为主动句时,通常删去“by..”但原主语被强调者除外。例如:

They set up this hospital in 1975.----> This hospital was set up in 1975.这所医院建于1975年。

Only he can finish the job.只有他能完成这项工作。----> The job can be finished only by him.这项工作只能由他来完成。

②含有双宾语,即直接宾语和间接宾语的句子,每个宾语都可变为被动语态的主语,即其被动语态有两种形式。但多以间接宾语作主语。例如:

Jack told us the truth.杰克告诉了我们真相。

We were told the truth by jack.

The truth was told (to) us by Jack.

Lesson 144  He hasn't been served yet.还没有人来侍候他。

He will be served soon.很快会有人来侍候他的。

Listen to the tape and answer the questions.

听录音并回答问题。

Written exercises 书面练习

A Read the piece in Lesson 143 again. The answer these questions.

重读第143课课文,然后回答以下问题:

1 Where does the writer live?

2 Why do visitors often come from the city?

3 What have visitors been asked to do?

4 Where have litter baskets been placed?

5 Where did the writer go last Wednesday?

6 He saw a lot of rubbish, didn't he?

7 What did he see among the rubbish?

8 What did the sign say?

B Answer these questions.

模仿例句回答以下问题。

Examples:

Hasn't anyone opened the window yet?

Someone has opened it. It has already been opened.

Hasn't anyone opened the windows yet?

Someone has opened them. They have already been opened.

1 Hasn't anyone aired this room yet?

2 Hasn't anyone cleaned these rooms yet?

3 Hasn't anyone emptied this basket yet?

4 Hasn't anyone sharpened this knife yet?

5 Hasn't anyone turned on the taps yet?

6 Hasn't anyone bought these models yet?

7 Hasn't anyone swept the floor yet?

8 Hasn't anyone taken them to school yet?

9 Hasn't anyone invited them yet?

10 Hasn't anyone told them yet?

C Answer these questions.

模仿例句回答以下问题。

Examples:

Hasn't anyone opened the window yet?

It hasn't been opened yet. It will be opened tomorrow.

Hasn't anyone opened the windows yet?

They haven't been opened yet. They will be opened tomorrow.

1 Hasn't anyone aired this room yet?

2 Hasn't anyone cleaned these rooms yet?

3 Hasn't anyone emptied this basket yet?

4 Hasn't anyone sharpened this knife yet?

5 Hasn't anyone turned on the taps yet?

6 Hasn't anyone watered these flowers yet?

7 Hasn't anyone repaired this car yet?

8 Hasn't anyone dusted the cupboard yet?

9 Hasn't anyone corrected these exercise books yet?

10 Hasn't anyone shut the window yet?


上一篇:Lesson 141 Sally's first train ride 萨莉第一次乘火车旅行
下一篇:新概念英语第一册1-37课美音版录音

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发表于 2007-11-14 18:33:03 | 显示全部楼层
good, thanks your good materials for my studying.

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good,thank you.

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发表于 2009-5-26 08:59:29 | 显示全部楼层
very good. 'Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted!'

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发表于 2010-1-26 18:29:04 | 显示全部楼层
最后一课好难啊。。。。。

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发表于 2010-4-12 16:30:38 | 显示全部楼层
attractionfurniture

I live in a very old town which is surrounded by beautiful woods.It is a famous beauty spot. On Sundays,hundreds of people come from the city to see our town and to walk through the woods.Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy. Litter baskets have been placed under the trees.But people still throw their rubbish everywhere.

Last Wednesday.I went for a walk in the woods.What I saw made me very sad. I counted seven old cars and three old refrigerators.The grond was covered with the pieces of paper,cigarette ends, old tyres,empty bottles and rusty tins.Among the rubbish,I found a sign which said:'Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted.'

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小学二年级

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发表于 2010-8-15 22:44:16 | 显示全部楼层
Thank you very verymuch .

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发表于 2010-11-22 09:07:27 | 显示全部楼层
I live in a very old town which is surrounded by beautiful woods. It is a famous beauty spot.

On Sundays, hundreds of people come from the city to see our town and to walk through the woods. Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy. Litter baskets have been placed under the trees, but people still throw their rubbish everywhere.

Last Wednesday, I went for a walk in the woods. What I saw made me very sad. I counted seven old cars and three old refrigerators. The litter baskets were empty and the ground was covered with pieces of paper, cigarette ends, old tyres, empty bottles and rusty tins. Among the rubbish, I found a sign which said, ‘Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted!

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发表于 2010-11-22 09:13:41 | 显示全部楼层
Among the rubbish, I found a sign which said, ‘Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted!

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发表于 2010-11-22 09:18:46 | 显示全部楼层
my english is rusty...
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