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[推荐][分享][转帖] 美国英语与英国英语

发布者: soso | 发布时间: 2005-11-18 14:53| 查看数: 26815| 评论数: 25|

美国英语与英国英语<BR>===================<BR>1. 行李和领取行李
行李:baggage(美);luggage(英)<BR>首先要指出的是,美国人也用luggage这个词,英国人也用baggage.例如,机场领取行李,美国人说baggage claim,英国人说baggage reclaim,都是baggage.随身行李英文可以说personal baggage(luggage),行李寄放处是baggage(luggage)room,托运行李是to check the baggage(luggage)或to have one's baggage(luggage)registered,行李票是baggage(luggage)check,行李标签是baggage(luggage) tag,行李架是baggage(luggage) rack,行李车是baggage car(美国),或是luggage van(英国)。事实上,luggage这个词用得比baggage更为广泛,除了美国以外大多数说英语国家都用luggage来表示行李。当每次出差,坐在火车上,我总会想想周边物件的英文名,然后试着如何把他们用到句子中去。我相信积少成多,我相信今天的付出绝不会白花!
2. 年级和中学
年级:grade(美);form(英)<BR>美国学校表示年级用grade,英国中学则用form,如六年级是the sixth form.美国有的私立学校也用form.这里有必要说明一下美国中小学的结构:美国小学是五年的(elementary school),初中是三年(middle school),高中是四年(high school).我国把中学一律叫middle school,这对美国人来说有点搞不清楚。另外,美国高一学生叫freshman,高二学生叫sophomore,高三是junior,高四senior.这跟大学一、二、三、四年级的叫法一样,也容易混淆。
3. 讲授和大学讲师
讲授:instruction(美);tuition(英)<BR>Tuition这个词我们不陌生表示学费。但是,在英国英语里tuition也是讲授的意思,上数学课可以说to give tuition in mathematics.在美国英语里,讲授是instruction,美国大学老师就叫instructor(讲师),职称高于其的有assistant professor(助理教授),associate professor(副教授)和professor(正教授)。在美国英语里,lecturer不是中国概念的讲师,而是从校外请来讲课或开讲座的人。Lecture表示“讲师”是英国英语。
4. 邮局、邮箱和邮差
邮政:mail(美);post(英)<BR>美国人把邮件叫mail,邮箱叫mail box,邮递员叫mailman,但是邮局却不用mail这个词,而是说post office.英国人把邮件叫post,邮箱叫post或letter box,邮递员是postman.有的美国人也把邮箱叫letter box,邮递员叫postman.
5. 你喜欢什么
喜欢:like(美);fancy(英)<BR>英国人爱用fancy这个词来表示“喜欢”,例如“你喜欢吃什么?”美国人说What do you like for dinner?而英国人则可能说What do you fancy for dinner?

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soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:44:15
< align=justify>  <B>1 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 在 词 汇 上 的 差 异</B>
< align=justify>   美 国 英 语 是 在 英 国 对 北 美 进 行 殖 民 开 拓 的 过 程 中 逐 渐 形 成 的 一 种 区 域 性 的 英 语 变 体 ,英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 在 词 汇 上 的 差 异 主 要 有 以 下 的 方 面 :
< align=justify>  1. 1 同 一 事 物 使 用 不 同 的 单 词 来 表 示
<P align=justify>   英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 所 使 用 的 词 汇 的 意 义 大 多 数 是 一 致 的 , 但 也 有 一 些 词 汇 在 词 义 存 在 着 较 大 的 区 别 。 例 如 , 同 一 种 事 物 在 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 中 就 用 不 同 的 单 词 来 表 示 。 下 表 所 列 举 的 词 就 是 较 典 型 的 例 子 。  
<DIV align=justify>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 border=1 5.4pt? 0cm 5.4pt mso-padding-alt: .5pt; windowtext solid mso-border-bottom-alt: mso-border-top-alt: collapse; BORDER-COLLAPSE: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: 18pt; MARGIN-LEFT: BORDER-TOP:>

<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: solid; PADDING-RIGHT:>
<P 150%?><B>American English<O> </O></B></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt;>
<P 150%?><B>British English<O> </O:P></B></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt;>
<P 150%?><B>Chinese<O:P> </O:P></B></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 windowtext solid mso-border-top-alt: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: .5pt?>
<P 150%?>pants<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 windowtext solid mso-border-top-alt: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt; .5pt?>
<P 150%?>trousers<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 windowtext solid mso-border-top-alt: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt; .5pt?>
<P 150%?>裤子<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none?>
<P 150%?>gas<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt; none?>
<P 150%?>petrol<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt; none?>
<P 150%?>汽油<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none?>
<P 150%?>store<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt; none?>
<P 150%?>shop<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt; none?>
<P 150%?>商店<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none?>
<P 150%?>candy<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt; none?>
<P 150%?>sweets<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt; none?>
<P 150%?>糖果<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none?>
<P 150%?>fall<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt; none?>
<P 150%?>autumn<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt; none?>
<P 150%?>秋天<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none?>
<P 150%?>sidewalk<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt; none?>
<P 150%?>pavement<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt; none?>
<P 150%?>人行道<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none?>
<P 150%?>congress<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt; none?>
<P 150%?>parliament<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt; none?>
<P 150%?>议会<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none?>
<P 150%?>freshman<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt; none?>
<P 150%?>the first year student<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt; none?>
<P 150%?>大学一年级新生<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none?>
<P 150%?>corn<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt; none?>
<P 150%?>maize<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt; none?>
<P 150%?>玉米<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=127 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: 95.4pt; WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT:>
<P 150%?>automobile<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=156 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 117pt;>
<P 150%?>motor(car<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=204 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 153pt;>
<P 150%?>汽车<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR></TABLE></DIV>
<P align=justify 18pt; 150%? LINE-HEIGHT:>1. 2 同 一 单 词 在 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 中 表 示 不 同 的 意 义
<P align=justify>   同 一 单 词 在 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 中 表 示 不 同 的 意 义 , 这 方 面 的 词 汇 也 有 较 多 。 例 如
<DIV align=justify>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 border=1 5.4pt? 0cm 5.4pt mso-padding-alt: .5pt; windowtext solid mso-border-bottom-alt: mso-border-top-alt: collapse; BORDER-COLLAPSE: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP:>

<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=103 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 77.4pt;>
<P 51.0pt? tab-stops: 150%;><B>word <O:P></O:P></B></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=180 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 135pt;>
<P 150%?><B>American English<O:P> </O:P></B></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=228 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 171pt;>
<H1 150%?>British English <O:P></O:P></H1></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=103 windowtext solid mso-border-top-alt: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: .5pt? 77.4pt;>
<P 150%?>mean<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=180 windowtext solid mso-border-top-alt: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: .5pt? 135pt;>
<P 150%?>angry, bad humored<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=228 windowtext solid mso-border-top-alt: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: .5pt? 171pt;>
<P 150%?>not generous, tight fisted<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=103 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 77.4pt;>
<P 150%?>rubber<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=180 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 135pt;>
<P 150%?>condom<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=228 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 171pt;>
<P 150%?>tool used to erase pencil markings<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=103 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 77.4pt;>
<P 150%?>date<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=180 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 135pt;>
<P 150%?>appointment<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=228 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 171pt;>
<P 150%?>day<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=103 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 77.4pt;>
<P 150%?>dresser<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=180 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 135pt;>
<P 150%?>a wardrobe assistant<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=228 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 171pt;>
<P 150%?>cupboard<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR></TABLE></DIV>
<P align=justify> 1. 3 同 一 单 词 在 拼 写 上 有 所 不 同
<P align=justify>   许 多 单 词 的 拼 写 在 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 中 表 现 有 较 大 的 差 异 。 如 后 缀 为 - our的 英 国 英 语 词 汇 , 在 美 国 英 语 中 却 变 成 了 以 - or为 后 缀 ; 英 国 英 语 中 以 - ise结 尾 的 词 , 在 美 国 英 语 中 变 成 了 - ize结 尾 。 英 国 英 语 的 词 尾 为 - logue的 , 在 美 国 英 语 中 却 简 化 成 了 - log.英 国 英 语 的 - re词 尾 , 在 美 国 英 语 中 则 变 成 了 - er词 尾 。 通 过 对 这 些 单 词 拼 写 的 对 比 发 现 , 美 国 英 语 的 拼 写 比 英 国 英 语 显 得 较 为 简 单 。 例 如
<DIV align=justify>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 border=1 5.4pt? 0cm 5.4pt mso-padding-alt: .5pt; windowtext solid mso-border-bottom-alt: mso-border-top-alt: collapse; BORDER-COLLAPSE: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP:>

<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 142pt;>
<P 150%?><B>British English<O:P> </O:P></B></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?><B>American English<O:P> </O:P></B></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 windowtext solid mso-border-top-alt: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: .5pt? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Colour<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 windowtext solid mso-border-top-alt: none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: .5pt? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>color<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Neighbour<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>neighbor<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Labour<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>labor<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Analyse<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>analyze<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Memorise<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>memorize<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Modernise<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>modernize<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Realise<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>realize<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Dialogue<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>dialog<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Catalogue<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>catalog<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Monologue<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>monolog<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Centre<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>center<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Metre<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: none? 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>meter<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 142pt;>
<P 150%?>Theatre<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD vAlign=top width=189 windowtext none; medium BORDER-BOTTOM: BORDER-LEFT: BORDER-TOP: solid? 0.5pt 0cm; PADDING-TOP: WIDTH: PADDING-BOTTOM: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: PADDING-RIGHT: 142.05pt;>
<P 150%?>theater<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR></TABLE></DIV>
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:45:13
< align=justify>  1. 4 一 些 介 词 的 使 用 在 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 中 有 所 不 同
< align=justify>    介 词 的 用 法 很 多 , 变 化 较 大 , 较 为 灵 活 , 与 名 词 、 代 词 等 搭 配 使 用 时 产 生 多 种 不 同 的 意 义 。 在 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 中 , 同 一 名 词 往 往 用 不 同 的 介 词 搭 配 来 表 示 相 同 的 意 义 。
<DIV align=justify>
<TABLE medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt" cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 border=1>

<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 149.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=199>
<H1 9.05pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%; mso-char-indent-count: .75; mso-char-indent-size: 12.05pt">American English<O> </O></H1></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=180>
< 150%"><B>British English<O> </O:P></B></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 149.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=199>
<P 150%">On the weekend<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=180>
<P 150%">at the weekend<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 149.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=199>
<P 150%">On a team<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=180>
<P 150%">in a team<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 149.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=199>
<P 150%">Please write me soon<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=180>
<P 150%">Please write to me soon<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 149.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=199>
<P 150%">On the street<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 135pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=180>
<P 150%">in the street<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR></TABLE></DIV>
<P align=justify>  1. 5 某 些 动 词 的 过 去 式 和 过 去 分 词 在 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 中 有 所 不 同
<P align=justify>    英 国 英 语 中 的 某 些 不 规 则 动 词 在 美 国 英 语 中 常 常 用 作 规 则 动 词 。 如 下 表 所 示 :
<DIV align=justify>
<TABLE medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt" cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 border=1>

<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%"><B>Word<O:P> </O:P></B></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=114>
<H1 150%">British English<O:P> </O:P></H1></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 118.75pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=158>
<P 150%"><B>American English<O:P> </O:P></B></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">burn<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">burnt<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 118.75pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=158>
<P 150%">burned<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">dream<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">dreamt<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 118.75pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=158>
<P 150%">dreaned<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">learn<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">learnt<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 118.75pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=158>
<P 150%">leaned<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">lean<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">leant<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 118.75pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=158>
<P 150%">leaned<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">smell <O:P></O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">smelt<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 118.75pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=158>
<P 150%">smelled<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">spell<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">spelt <O:P></O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 118.75pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=158>
<P 150%">spelled<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">spill<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">spilt<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 118.75pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none" vAlign=top width=158>
<P 150%">spilled<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">spoil<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 85.2pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=114>
<P 150%">spoilt<O:P> </O:P></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: medium none; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 118.75pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=158>
<P 150%">spoilled<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR></TABLE></DIV>
<P align=justify>  1. 6 一 些 词 在 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 中 的 用 法 不 同
<P align=justify>    在 英 国 英 语 中 , 人 们 常 常 将 need, dare, used to等 用 作 情 态 动 词 , 把 have/has当 作 助 动 词 使 用 , 而 美 国 英 语 却 把 它 们 当 作 实 义 动 词 来 使 用 。 例 如
<P align=justify>
<TABLE medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt" cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 border=1>

<TR>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 213.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=284>
<P 150%"><B>British English<O:P> </O:P></B></TD>
<TD medium none; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; WIDTH: 213.05pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid" vAlign=top width=284>
<P 150%"><B>American English<O:P> </O:P></B></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 150%">He used not to drink.<O:P> </O:P></TD>
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<P 150%">He didn’t use to drink.<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
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<P 150%">You needn’t go with him.<O:P> </O:P></TD>
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<P 150%">You don’t need to go with him.<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
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<P 150%">Have you any English-Chinese?<O:P> </O:P></TD>
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<P 150%">Do you have any English-Chinese Dictionary?<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR>
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<P 150%">I haven’t any brother.<O:P> </O:P></TD>
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<P 150%">I don’t have any brother.<O:P> </O:P></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P align=justify>  1. 7 一 些 单 词 在 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 中 都 找 不 到 相 应 的 词
<P align=justify>    在 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 各 自 都 有 一 些 独 有 的 单 词 , 这 些 词 在 对 方 的 词 汇 中 找 不 到 相 应 的 词 。 例 如 , 美 国 英 语 中 的 everglade( 美 国 佛 罗 里 达 洲 南 部 的 大 沼 泽 地 ) , caribou( 北 美 的 驯 鹿 ) , bayou( 北 美 南 部 的 牛 轭 湖 ; 长 湖 ) , gopher( 美 国 南 部 穴 居 的 可 以 食 用 的 一 种 鹿 ) , sagebrush( 北 美 的 灌 木 丛 ) 等 在 英 国 英 语 中 就 没 有 相 应 的 单 词 。 而 英 国 英 语 中 的 wicket( 英 国 板 球 运 动 的 三 大 柱 门 ) , bowler( 英 国 的 投 球 手 ) 等 在 美 国 英 语 中 也 找 不 到 对 应 的 单 词 。 由 此 可 见 , 这 些 词 所 表 示 的 意 义 往 往 是 在 英 国 和 美 国 所 特 有 的 事 物 。
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:45:55
< align=justify>  <B>2 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 在 词 汇 上 存 在 差 异 的 原 因</B>
< align=justify>    综 上 所 述 , 美 国 英 语 和 英 国 英 语 在 词 汇 方 面 存 在 很 大 的 差 异 。 为 什 么 呢 ? 世 界 上 的 事 物 都 在 不 断 的 变 化 和 发 展 , 语 言 也 不 例 外 。 美 国 英 语 与 英 国 英 语 在 不 同 的 环 境 中 发 展 , 存 在 差 异 是 自 然 的 规 律 。 美 国 克 拉 克 ( Clark) 教 授 曾 经 说 过 , 语 言 的 发 展 有 两 个 定 律 : 第 一 , 语 言 有 变 化 的 趋 势 ; 第 二 , 语 言 在 不 同 的 地 方 , 倾 向 于 发 生 不 同 的 变 化 。
< align=justify>    1607年 , 英 国 人 在 美 洲 建 立 了 第 一 个 永 久 的 移 民 区 。 1620年 , 英 国 清 教 徒 ( Puritan) 乘 坐 “ 五 月 花 ” ( Mayflower) 船 , 到 达 现 在 的 马 萨 诸 塞 州 的 普 利 茅 斯 建 立 了 另 一 个 殖 民 地 。 这 些 清 教 徒 把 莎 士 比 亚 (Shakespeare)和 米 尔 顿 (Milton)的 英 语 都 带 到 美 洲 去 了 。 因 此 , 美 国 英 语 是 在 17世 纪 的 英 国 英 语 基 础 上 发 展 起 来 的 ,它 保 留 了 今 天 的 英 国 英 语 中 不 复 存 在 的 语 言 特 征 .例 如 ,fall在 早 期 的 英 国 英 语 中 也 指 秋 天 , 只 是 后 来 使 用 “ autumn"一 词 , 而 美 国 人 却 使 用 至 今 。 现 代 的 英 国 英 语 则 用 。 又 如 Sick 和 ill本 来 在 英 国 英 语 都 作 为 “ 生 病 ” 解 释 , 后 来 英 国 人 将 sick 的 词 义 缩 小 , 专 指 “ 恶 心 的 ” 、 “ 要 呕 吐 的 ” , 美 国 人 则 保 留 了 “ 生 病 ” 的 含 义 。
<P align=justify>    同 时 , 美 国 也 由 于 版 图 的 不 断 扩 大 , 从 大 西 洋 伸 展 到 太 平 洋 , 在 新 的 环 境 中 吸 收 了 许 多 的 外 来 词 , 如 印 第 安 语 , 西 班 牙 语 、 法 语 、 荷 兰 语 的 词 汇 等 等 , 从 而 形 成 了 新 型 的 语 言 , 尤 其 是 独 立 战 争 后 , 美 国 完 全 摆 脱 了 英 国 的 统 治 , 建 立 了 自 己 的 社 会 政 治 制 度 。 新 的 社 会 政 治 和 经 济 文 化 生 活 使 得 美 国 英 语 出 现 了 许 多 英 国 英 语 先 前 没 有 的 词 语 。 总 之 , 由 于 美 国 英 语 既 吸 收 了 新 词 , 又 保 留 了 一 些 英 国 人 已 废 弃 的 旧 的 英 语 词 汇 , 因 此 , 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 之 间 的 差 异 逐 渐 扩 大 。
<P align=justify> <B> 3 美 国 英 语 和 英 国 英 语 在 词 汇 上 的 相 互 渗 透</B>
<P align=justify>    目 前 世 界 上 使 用 美 国 英 语 的 人 除 了 美 国 人 之 外 , 还 有 很 多 加 拿 大 人 。 使 用 英 国 英 语 的 人 除 了 英 国 人 之 外 , 还 有 爱 尔 兰 人 , 澳 大 利 亚 人 、 新 西 兰 人 等 。 按 人 口 比 例 计 算 , 使 用 美 国 英 语 的 人 大 大 超 出 过 英 国 英 语 , 比 例 为 3比 1,将 来 使 用 美 国 英 语 的 人 数 还 可 能 增 加 , 这 是 美 国 英 语 和 英 国 英 语 的 发 展 规 律 , 不 能 随 人 们 的 意 志 而 转 移 。 虽 然 英 国 英 语 在 文 学 方 面 仍 占 很 重 要 的 地 位 , 但 在 现 代 科 学 技 术 领 域 中 , 其 重 要 性 已 经 大 不 如 从 前 。
<P align=justify>    另 一 方 面 , 美 国 科 学 技 术 的 成 就 和 经 济 发 展 的 规 模 远 远 超 过 了 英 国 , 特 别 是 第 二 次 世 界 大 战 后 , 美 国 英 语 的 传 播 和 普 及 , 非 英 国 英 语 所 能 比 。 由 于 当 代 美 国 科 学 和 技 术 非 常 发 达 , 科 技 书 刊 多 数 用 美 语 编 写 , 有 关 经 济 、 交 通 等 方 面 的 书 籍 也 如 此 。 在 科 技 英 语 方 面 美 国 英 语 大 有 取 代 英 国 英 语 的 趋 势 。
<P align=justify>    尽 管 如 此 , 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 之 间 也 出 现 相 互 渗 透 和 相 互 借 用 的 现 象 , 如 原 来 属 于 美 国 英 语 用 法 的 boost, debunk, hi, bag lady, hopefully等 词 ,如 今 已 不 属 于 美 国 英 语 的 专 利 了 ; 原 来 英 国 英 语 的 brass tacks, semi- detached, pissed off, trendy 等 词 ,现 在 也 用 于 美 国 英 语 。 随 着 经 济 全 球 化 进 程 的 进 一 步 加 快 和 国 际 间 经 济 文 化 交 流 的 增 加 , 英 国 英 语 和 美 国 英 语 词 汇 的 相 互 渗 透 、 相 互 融 合 。 《 牛 津 英 语 大 词 典 》 的 编 辑 布 雷 德 利 先 生 曾 有 一 种 想 法 : 我 们 希 望 有 一 天 , 英 国 和 美 国 会 有 一 种 共 同 的 “ 标 准 英 语 ” , 同 时 容 许 次 要 的 地 方 性 语 言 差 异 的 存 在 。
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:48:54
<DIV class=postTitle><a href="http://blog.hjenglish.com/joeykong/archive/2005/11/15/172572.html" target="_blank" >美国英语与英国英语在语音方面的差异</A> </DIV>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3>众所周知<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>美国英语(american english </FONT>下简称<FONT size=3>ae)与英国英语(british english </FONT>下简称<FONT size=3>be)是同一种语言的两个变体<FONT face="times new roman">.</FONT>从<FONT face="times new roman">17</FONT>世纪起<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>两种语言就开始沿着不同的轨迹发展<FONT face="times new roman">.</FONT>在这三百多年的发展过程中<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>不但美国英语因为处在一个全新的环境发生了巨大变化<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>而且英国英语也由于时间的进程而在各个方面有了重大改变<FONT face="times new roman">.</FONT>由此而来<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>美国英语和英国英语逐渐产生了差异<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>这种差异到了二战的时候<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>竟然到了需要给驻英美军印发《大不列颠简易指南》的地步了.尽管二战以后美国在政治经济和军事方面对英国产生了重大影响<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>使两种语言又呈现出整合的现象<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>但是二者的差异<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>特别是在语音方面仍然十分突出<FONT face="times new roman">.</FONT></FONT>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">1.1 </FONT>元音差别</FONT>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt 39pt; TEXT-INDENT: -18pt; tab-stops: list 39.0pt left 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none; mso-list: l0 level2 lfo1"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3>1.1.</FONT> <FONT size=3>1</FONT></FONT><FONT size=3>在日常用语大约<FONT face="times new roman">150</FONT>个词中字母<FONT face="times new roman">a</FONT>在<FONT face="times new roman">[f] [m] [n] [</FONT>w<FONT face="times new roman"> ] [</FONT>t<FONT face="times new roman"> ] </FONT>等之间<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>英国英语发音为<FONT face="times new roman">[a:],</FONT>而在美国英语<FONT face="times new roman"> </FONT>中则为<FONT face="times new roman">[</FONT>a<FONT face="times new roman"> ],</FONT>例如<FONT face="times new roman">:</FONT></FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman" size=3>         </FONT>
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<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">ask</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT>ask/</TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ a:sk/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">calf</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/k</FONT>af<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ka:f/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">chance</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/t</FONT>fans/</TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/t</FONT>f<FONT face="times new roman">a:ns/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">draft</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/<FONT face="times new roman">dr</FONT>aft/</TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/dra:ft/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">example</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/ig`zampl/</TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ig`za:mpl/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">path</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/paw<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/pa:</FONT>w<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; tab-stops: 58.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3> <o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3>但是<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>当字母<FONT face="times new roman">a</FONT>在<FONT face="times new roman">[p] [t] [d] [k] [g]</FONT>和<FONT face="times new roman">[t</FONT>f<FONT face="times new roman">]</FONT>之间时<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>英语和美语都发作<FONT face="times new roman">[</FONT>a<FONT face="times new roman"> ],</FONT>例如<FONT face="times new roman">;</FONT></FONT>
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<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">bag</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/b</FONT>ag<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/b</FONT>ag<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">cat</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/kat/</TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/kat/</TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">catch</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/ka<FONT face="times new roman"> t</FONT>f<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"> /ka<FONT face="times new roman"> t</FONT>f<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3></FONT></FONT>
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:49:56
< 0cm 0cm 0pt 39pt; TEXT-INDENT: -18pt; tab-stops: 39.0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">1.1. 2</FONT>英语中的<FONT face="times new roman">[</FONT>c<FONT face="times new roman">: ]</FONT>和<FONT face="times new roman"> [</FONT>c<FONT face="times new roman">]</FONT>相应的在美语中发作<FONT face="times new roman">[</FONT>c<FONT face="times new roman">]</FONT>和<FONT face="times new roman">[</FONT>ɑ].当然美语在发这两个音时开口度稍<FONT face="times new roman">1</FONT>.<FONT face="times new roman">2</FONT>.<FONT face="times new roman"> </FONT>大一些.<o:p></o:p></FONT>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">1.1.2.1</FONT>在字母组合<FONT face="times new roman">al.au.aul</FONT>中<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>例如<o:p></o:p></FONT>
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<TR>
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< 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">fault</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/f</FONT>clt<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/fc<FONT face="times new roman">:lt/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">halt</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/h</FONT>clt<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/hc<FONT face="times new roman">:lt/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">pause</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/p</FONT>cz<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/pc<FONT face="times new roman">:z/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3> <o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">1.1.2.2 </FONT>在<FONT face="times new roman">[p] [t] [d] [k] [g]</FONT>等音之前<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>例如<FONT face="times new roman">:</FONT></FONT>
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<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">cop</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/k</FONT>ɑp<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/kcp/</TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">hot</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/hɑt/</TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none">/hct/</TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">stop</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/st</FONT>ɑ<FONT face="times new roman">p/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 140.5pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=187>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/st</FONT>c<FONT face="times new roman">p/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3> <o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">1.1.3.-ile</FONT>在美语中发作<FONT face="times new roman">[il], [</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">l],[i:l],</FONT>而在英语中一般发作<FONT face="times new roman">[ail],</FONT>例如<FONT face="times new roman">:</FONT></FONT>
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<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">fragile</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`fr</FONT>a<FONT face="times new roman">d</FONT>ve<FONT face="times new roman">l/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 147.6pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=197>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`fr</FONT>a<FONT face="times new roman">d</FONT>v<FONT face="times new roman">ail/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">missile</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`mis</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">l /</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`misail /</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">mobile</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 147.6pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=197>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`m</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">ubil/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 147.6pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=197>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`m</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">ubail /</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3> <o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">1.1.4. –ary,-ery,-ory</FONT>中<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>字母<FONT face="times new roman">a,e,o</FONT>在英语中一般发作<FONT face="times new roman">[</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman"> ]</FONT>音<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>而英语中一般省略<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>例如</FONT>
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<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 147.6pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width=197>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 147.6pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=197>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">secretary</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`sekr</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">t</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">ri/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 147.6pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=197>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`sekr</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">tri /</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">preparatory</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/pri`p</FONT>are<FONT face="times new roman">t</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">ri/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 147.6pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=197>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/pri`p</FONT>are<FONT face="times new roman">tri/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 147.6pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=197>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">monastery</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`m</FONT>cne<FONT face="times new roman">st</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">ri/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 147.6pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=197>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`m</FONT>cne<FONT face="times new roman">stri/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3> <o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT>
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:50:58
< 0cm 0cm 0pt 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">1.1.5.</FONT>美音中<FONT face="times new roman">  [</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman"> ]</FONT>音与英音<FONT face="times new roman">[</FONT>q<FONT face="times new roman"> ]</FONT>很相近<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>例如<FONT face="times new roman">:</FONT></FONT>
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<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 139.95pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width=187>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 141.35pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=188>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 140.5pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=187>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 139.95pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=187>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">result</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 141.35pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=188>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ri`z</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">lt/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ri`z</FONT>qe<FONT face="times new roman">lt/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">love</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/l</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">v/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/l</FONT>q<FONT face="times new roman">v/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 39pt; TEXT-INDENT: -18pt; tab-stops: 39.0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">1.2. </FONT>辅音差别</FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">1.2.1.  </FONT>字母<FONT face="times new roman">t</FONT>的发音</FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 37.5pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3>在没有重读且处于两个元音音素之间的时候<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>美语中字母<FONT face="times new roman">t</FONT>的发音近于<FONT face="times new roman">[d],</FONT>例如<FONT face="times new roman">:</FONT></FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman" size=3>   </FONT>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; TEXT-INDENT: -14.15pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.35; mso-char-indent-size: 10.45pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">matter</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`m</FONT>ade<FONT face="times new roman">r/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`m</FONT>a<FONT face="times new roman">t</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">waiter</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`weid</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">r/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`weit</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">motor</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/m</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">ud</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">r/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`m</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">ut</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">waiting</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`weidi</FONT>n<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`weiti</FONT>n<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3> <o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">   </FONT>注意<FONT face="times new roman">:</FONT>如果处于重读音节中或在非重读音节中的清辅音之后<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>或者处在一个音节的最后<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>字母<FONT face="times new roman">t</FONT>不管是在英语中还是在美语中都发作<FONT face="times new roman">[t],<o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; TEXT-INDENT: -14.15pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.35; mso-char-indent-size: 10.45pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">obtain</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">b`tein/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT>c<FONT face="times new roman">b`tein/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">return</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ri`t</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">:n/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ri`t</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">:n/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">master</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`m</FONT>aste<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`ma:</FONT>ste<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3></FONT></FONT>
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:52:05
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">1.2.2. [j]</FONT>在英语中一般保留而在美语中一般消失<FONT face="times new roman">.</FONT></FONT>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3>在<FONT face="times new roman">[t] [d] [n] [</FONT>w<FONT face="times new roman"> ] [l] </FONT>之后<FONT face="times new roman">.</FONT>字母及字母组合<FONT face="times new roman">u,ew,eu</FONT>在英语中一般发作<FONT face="times new roman">[ju:],</FONT>而在美语中发作<FONT face="times new roman">[u:],</FONT>例如</FONT>
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<TR>
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< 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; TEXT-INDENT: -14.15pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.35; mso-char-indent-size: 10.45pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">duty</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`du:ti/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`dju:ti/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 136.5pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=182>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">new</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 138.5pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=185>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/nu:/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.25pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/nju:/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 136.5pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=182>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">tube</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 138.5pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=185>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/tu:b/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.25pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/tju:b/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3> <o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3>而在<FONT face="times new roman">[h] [m] [k] [f] [v]</FONT>之后<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>字母及字母组合<FONT face="times new roman">u.eu</FONT>和<FONT face="times new roman">ew</FONT>不管是在英语还是在美语中都发作<FONT face="times new roman">[j u:] ,</FONT>例如</FONT>
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<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; TEXT-INDENT: -14.15pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.35; mso-char-indent-size: 10.45pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">huge</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/hju:d</FONT>v<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/hju:d</FONT>v<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">beauty</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`bju:ti/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`bju:ti/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">music</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`mju:zik/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`mju:zik/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman"></FONT></FONT>
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:52:33
<FONT size=3>1.2.</FONT> <FONT size=3>3.</FONT><FONT size=3>字母<FONT face="times new roman">r</FONT>在字母组合<FONT face="times new roman">ar, er, ur ,ir, or, ear, eer, air, oor, ore, our, ere, are</FONT>等中在美语中会发作<FONT face="times new roman"> [r],</FONT>而在英语中不发音<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>例如</FONT>
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<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width=183>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; TEXT-INDENT: -14.15pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.35; mso-char-indent-size: 10.45pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
< 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">hear</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/hi</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">r/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/hi</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">mark</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ma:rk/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ma:k/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">turn</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/t</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">:rn/</FONT></TD>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/t</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">:n/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman"><FONT size=3> <o:p></o:p></FONT></FONT>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">  </FONT>而如果<FONT face="times new roman">[r]</FONT>在元音之前<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>不管是在美语中还是在英语中都要发音<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>例如</FONT>
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<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; TEXT-INDENT: -14.15pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.35; mso-char-indent-size: 10.45pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">remember</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ri`memb</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ri`memb</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">repeat</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ri`pi:t/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/ri`pi:t/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT size=3><FONT face="times new roman">  </FONT>注意<FONT face="times new roman">:</FONT>当字母<FONT face="times new roman">r</FONT>在重读音节的最后<FONT face="times new roman">,</FONT>而后又跟一个非重读音节<FONT face="times new roman">,[r]</FONT>之前的元音在美国英语和英国英语中发音是不同的<FONT face="times new roman">.</FONT>例如</FONT>
<TABLE medium none; BORDER-TOP: medium none; BORDER-LEFT: medium none; BORDER-BOTTOM: medium none; BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 border=1>

<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; TEXT-INDENT: -14.15pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.35; mso-char-indent-size: 10.45pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">words</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">american english</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; BORDER-TOP: windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">british english</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">courage</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`k</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">:rid</FONT>v<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`k</FONT>q<FONT face="times new roman">rid</FONT>v<FONT face="times new roman">/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">hurry</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`h</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">:ri/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`h</FONT>q<FONT face="times new roman">ri/</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; BORDER-LEFT: windowtext 0.5pt solid; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">worry</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.4pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`w</FONT>e<FONT face="times new roman">:ri/</FONT></TD>
<TD windowtext 0.5pt solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5.4pt; PADDING-LEFT: 5.4pt; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0cm; WIDTH: 137.45pt; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #ece9d8; PADDING-TOP: 0cm; BORDER-BOTTOM: windowtext 0.5pt solid; BACKGROUND-COLOR: transparent; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt" vAlign=top width=183>
<P 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-layout-grid-align: none"><FONT face="times new roman">/`w</FONT>q<FONT face="times new roman">ri/</FONT></TD></TR></TABLE>
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:54:21
<br><br>
<H1>英国英语语音发音</H1><br>
下表是帮助您纠正英国英语基本格式语音的英国英语语音图表。此图表还可以用于澳大利亚英语,这是因为澳大利亚英语也使用英国基本格式语音。<br>
<TABLE><br>
<CAPTION>表 1. 英国英语语音字母表指南</CAPTION><br><br>
<THEAD align=left>
<TR><br><br>
<TH>符号</TH><br><br>
<TH>描述</TH></TR></THEAD><br><br>

<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">“|”(管道符号)</TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">词界音素</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">AAS AAS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 ARE fAther cAR</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">AES</TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 At hAm trAp</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">AVS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Up bUt sOn</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">OAS OAS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Or fOUR Also</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">A_S ULS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 OUt cOUnt hOW</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">AXS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 tablE compAny commA</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">A_S ILS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 EYE fIve lIE</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_B. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 But laBel caB</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_CH </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 CHurch naTure reaCH</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_D. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Dog meDal laD</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_DF </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 THe boTHer baTHe</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">D$</TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">杂静音,如按钮或砰地关门</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">E_S </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Any sAId bErry</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">E3S E3S </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 EArly wORd hER</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">E_S ILS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 AId mAde grEY</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_F. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 First telePHone rouGH</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_G. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Grab aGo biG</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_H. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Home Hat beHind</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">ILS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Ink hYmn beIng</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">I_S I_S </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 EEl pEEp heavY</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_JJ </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Jay adJust chanGE</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_K. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Cat baCKer maKe</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_L. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Light vaLLey feeL</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_M. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Mat haMMer hoMe </TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_N. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Night aNt baN</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_NG </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 siNG beiNG loNG</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">AQS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 hOt wAs Of</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">AXS ULS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 gO knOW cOal</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">OAS ILS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 OIl avOId toy </TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_P. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Park suPPle gaP </TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_R. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Right fRom thRee</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_S. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Sit miSt maSS</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_SH </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 SHarp naTIonal fiSH</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_T. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 To aTTend paT</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_TH </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Thing auThor paTH</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">ULS </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 gOOd shOUld pUt</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">U_S U_S </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 OOze bOOt whO </TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_V. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Very oVer saVe</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_W. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 White Was tWenty</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">X</TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">静音,如暂停</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_Y. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Yet Use bEAUty</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_Z. </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 Zip siZe waS </TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e20 " width="60%">_ZH </TD>
<TD vAlign=top headers="d0e22 " width="40%">如 treaSure uSually viSion</TD></TR></TABLE><br>
[此贴子已经被作者于2005-11-18 16:27:32编辑过]

soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:57:35
如果看不了楼上信息,请点击其底部的[<FONT style="BACKGROUND-COLOR: #00ffff">在新窗口中查看</FONT>]按钮。
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 15:58:08
英式英语VS美式英语的差异<BR>
  英式英语(British English)和美式英语(American English)的差别是客观存在的,学英文的人会注意到两者之间的差异。其实世界上有很多种类的英文,即使在同一个国家,发音和语法也会有地域差别。两者之间最主要的差异在如下几方面:?<BR>
    1.语法:英国人有时喜欢在美国人不用冠词时使用。例如:<BR>
  英式英语:<BR>
  It was a Tuesday and he wasn't back at work until the Wednesday. <BR>
  反过来,美国人用冠词时英国人不用。例如?<BR>
  英式英语:<BR>
  I had been out of hospitable for six weeks.<BR>
  另外,介词用法也不同。例如:<BR>
  英式英语:at the weekend<BR>
  美式英语:on the weekend<BR>
  英式英语:Some parents are talking about keeping their children off school.<BR>
  美式英语:Some parents are talking about keeping their children out of school.<BR>
    2.单词:单词的使用也有这样的倾向。在日常应用的词汇中,“英式英语”和“美式英语”各有表达用语。我们可以从对照表中看出:<BR>
       美语    英语<BR>
  电梯  elevator    lift<BR>
  一楼  first floor  ground floor<BR>
  汽油  gas,gasoline  petrol<BR>
   大学校长president   chancellor<BR>
  足球  soccer     football<BR>
  假期  vacation    holiday<BR>
    3.拼写:英式英语和美式英语在拼写方面也有差别。<BR>
  美语  英语<BR>
  color  colour<BR>
  favorite favourite<BR>
  honor  honour<BR>
  4.发音的差异也很大。例如 schedule,advertisement。
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 16:01:16
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=3 width=542 align=right border=0>

<TR>
<TD 9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体" width="83%">
< align=center><STRONG><FONT style="BACKGROUND-COLOR: #e6e61a" size=3>英式英语与美式英语1</FONT></STRONG>
<FONT size=3>从目前世界上使用英语的国家来看,使用<U>英式英语</U>的国家有:英国、爱尔兰、澳大利亚、纽西兰、印度、巴基斯坦、香港等国家。使用<U>美式英语</U>的国家有:美国、菲律宾等国家,学习美国式的国家则有:台湾、中国、日本、韩国、南美洲等国家。 </FONT>
<FONT size=3>  在语言背后的是思想文化上的差异。把“产生、发展和消亡的过程”翻译成“the process of birth,growth and death”,美国人觉得言简意赅,形式优美;英国人却主张用哲学经典著作中“the process of comingsintosbeing,developing and passing away”的说法。</FONT>
<FONT size=3>  有时候英语和美语闹到了“水火不相容”的地步:同样的短语或单词在英语和美语中意思相反。如put on the table在英语中意思为“研究,认真对待”,在美语中为“束之高阁”。可以想象,英国人严谨认真,家里和办公室都收拾得很整洁,因此把什么东西摆到了桌上,多半会“研究,认真对待”;美国人一般“不拘小节”,居所和办公室都很随便,一旦被放在桌上,恐怕是没指望了。又如homely可以用来形容女性,在英语中意思是“朴实无华的”,其评价态度是肯定的;在美语中意思是“不漂亮的”,其评价态度是否定的。联想英美不同的生活态度容易理解这一差别。</FONT>
<FONT size=3>本文就下列几方面,简单说明英式英语与美式英语的差异:</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD 9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体" width="83%"><FONT size=3>发音方面</FONT><FONT size=3>:</FONT><BR><FONT size=3>  </FONT><FONT size=3>全世界各地的英语腔调都不尽相同,不过这不是严重的问题,一般只要花点时间,大概也就能轻易地习惯各地的腔调。想想看,即使是在同一个国家,同一种语言都还是可能会有不同的发音与腔调,像是美国东部与南部的人所讲的英语听起来就有很大的不同,所以更何况是来自不同国家的人呢?</FONT><BR><BR><FONT size=3>英式英语和美式英语有其显注不同之处,以发音方面来看,以卷舌音[r]为例,无论是英式英语还是美式英语,当[r]出现在元音之前时,讲话者都会发出 [r]</FONT><FONT size=3>sound ,但是如果[r]出现在一个元音后面时,英国人一般就不发[r] sound了,但是讲美式英语的人就会发很清楚的卷舌音。</FONT></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD 9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体" width="83%" height=53>
< left" align=left><FONT size=3>拼写方面: </FONT>
< left" align=left><FONT size=3>  英式英语的拼法和美式英语的拼法略有些差异,例如:</FONT>
<DIV align=center>
<TABLE>

<TR>
<TD silver 1pt inset; PADDING-RIGHT: 0.75pt; BORDER-TOP: silver 1pt inset; PADDING-LEFT: 0.75pt; BACKGROUND: #ffdddd; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: silver 1pt inset; PADDING-TOP: 0.75pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: silver 1pt inset">
<P center" align=center>英式英语</TD>
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<P center" align=center>美式英语</TD>
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<P center" align=center>中文</TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P left" align=left>centre</TD>
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<P left" align=left>center</TD>
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<P left" align=left>中心</TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P left" align=left>colour</TD>
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<P left" align=left>color</TD>
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<P left" align=left>颜色</TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P left" align=left>labour</TD>
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<P left" align=left>labor</TD>
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<P left" align=left>劳工</TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P left" align=left>organise</TD>
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<P left" align=left>organize</TD>
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<P left" align=left>组织</TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P left" align=left>realise </TD>
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<P left" align=left>realize</TD>
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<P left" align=left>发现</TD></TR>
<TR>
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<P left" align=left>theatre</TD>
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<P left" align=left>theater</TD>
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<P left" align=left>剧院</TD></TR></TABLE>
<P align=left><FONT size=3> </FONT></DIV></TD></TR></TABLE>
soso 发表于 2005-11-18 16:01:49
<TABLE>

<TR>
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<TD silver 1pt inset; PADDING-RIGHT: 0.75pt; BORDER-TOP: silver 1pt inset; PADDING-LEFT: 0.75pt; BACKGROUND: ivory; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: silver 1pt inset; PADDING-TOP: 0.75pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: silver 1pt inset" align=middle>美式英语</TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD silver 1pt inset; PADDING-RIGHT: 0.75pt; BORDER-TOP: silver 1pt inset; PADDING-LEFT: 0.75pt; BACKGROUND: #fff1ea; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.75pt; BORDER-LEFT: silver 1pt inset; PADDING-TOP: 0.75pt; BORDER-BOTTOM: silver 1pt inset" vAlign=top width=247><FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif">The Brits are more traditional - they like their old fashioned spellings that make things as difficult as possible. </FONT>
<FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif">· "RE" - e.g. centre, theatre, metre. But not entre - that's French - it's enter<BR>· "LL" - e.g. jewellery, travelling, marvellous, councillor, <BR>· "S not Z" - e.g. symbolise, modernise, urbanisation, organiser<BR>· "OU not O" - e.g neighbour, honour, favourite, colour, harbour<BR>·"MME not M" "NNE not N" - e.g. programme, (but telegram is not telegramme), tonne. </FONT>
<FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif">1. tyre<BR>2. pickaxe<BR>3. defence, (defensive)<BR>4. aeroplane, (aircraft, airport)<BR>5. towards<BR><BR>·For dates and days "on" is used.<BR>e.g. He said on Thursday<BR>They spoke at a news conference in Hong Kong on August 5, 2001.<BR>It is sometimes OK to omit the "on" and use a comma instead - usually in picture captions or with long sentences. <BR>e.g. Hong Kong's Andy Lau and India's Sajit Ray pose for photographers at a news conference in Hong Kong, August 2, 2001. Also, it's "last Sunday," not "on last Sunday."</FONT>
<FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"><BR>·When talking about how long something<BR>will last or has lasted, "through" is not used. Instead we say "until," "from…until," "from…to."<BR>e.g. The symposium is to last until Friday.<BR>The play ran from January 1 until/to February 18.</FONT></TD>
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< 0px; MARGIN-BOTTOM: 0px; LINE-HEIGHT: 150%"><FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif"> Basically the Americans like to make it as simple as possible - it doesn't take much imagination to figure out why.</FONT>
<FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif">· "ER" - e.g. center, theater, meter</FONT>
<FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif">·"L" - e.g. jewelry, traveling, marvelous, councilor<BR>· "Z not S" - e.g. symbolize, modernize, urbanization, organizer<BR>·"O not OU" - e.g. neighbor, honor, favorite, color, harbor <BR>·"M not MME" "N not NNE" - e.g. program, ton<BR><BR>1. tire<BR>2. pickax<BR>3. defense, (defensive)<BR>4. airplane, (aircraft, airport)<BR>5. toward</FONT>
<FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif">·For dates and days "on" is not used.<BR>e.g. He said Thursday.<BR>They spoke at a news conference in Hong Kong August 5, 2001.</FONT>
 
 
<FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif">·When talking about how long something<BR>will last or has lasted, "through" is used. "Through" implies a continuous run until the end of the day/date mentioned.<BR>e.g. The symposium is to last through Friday.<BR>(It will last until the end of Friday)<BR>The play ran from January 1 through February 18.</FONT>
 </TD></TR></TABLE>
bleue 发表于 2005-11-19 21:19:14
Thanks a million!!!
芥末膏 发表于 2005-11-20 13:41:55

Thank you soso. You've done a good job.
bluepoint 发表于 2005-11-21 12:23:03
真是感觉到复杂了
最后一个表格好像坏掉了
Cenger 发表于 2005-11-21 14:43:02
soso,你真是博学!你是英语专业吗?
soso 发表于 2005-11-21 18:59:05
多承森哥美言,soso学的也只是江湖英语。这个帖子是从一个好朋友“家”里掳来跟大家伙儿分享的。其实我也没细看,只是觉得现在不少人开口闭口非美国英语或是英国英语不学,其实东南西北都没搞清呢。所以借这帖子来,大家一起开开眼界,长长见识,有兴趣的更不妨胡乱记上几条,等到再碰着叶公好龙之辈空谈误国,便可随便问他一条,看看他还有什么话说。
Cenger 发表于 2005-11-21 19:11:59
哈哈,原来醉翁之意不在酒啊。不过SOSO你的英语功底了得,这个论坛中还有很多英语大侠,够我学一阵子了
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