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太阳能板帮助法国葡萄酒庄应对气候变化!

发布者: 五毒 | 发布时间: 2021-10-14 01:16| 查看数: 48| 评论数: 0|



Pierre Escudie has a vineyard in southwest France. He has put solar panels over his plants to both produce electricity and protect his fruit.

皮埃尔·埃斯库迪在法国西南部拥有一座葡萄庄园。他在他的作物上方安装了太阳能电池板,这样既能发电又能保护葡萄。

Many in the area have seen the damage to their crops from this year's hot and cold weather.

该地区很多人都见证了今年炎热和寒冷的天气对他们的庄稼的破坏。

The solar panels protect the grapes during periods of extreme cold. They also protect the grapes from the sun when it is very hot. The panels also turn, which permits more light to hit the crops on cloudy days.

太阳能电池板在极度寒冷时期保护葡萄。当天气非常炎热时,它们也能保护葡萄免受阳光照射。这种面板还能转动,这样在阴天时可以让更多光线照射到作物上。

Earth's rising temperatures, the increase of extreme heat, and the increase of dry and cold weather are changing the taste of French wines. Warmer temperatures cause the grapes to sweeten earlier, resulting in more sugar.

地球的温度不断升高、极端高温的增加以及干燥和寒冷天气的增加都在改变法国葡萄酒的口味。更暖和的温度会导致葡萄提早变甜,从而产生更多糖分。

"We'll need solutions if we want to keep our local grape varieties," Escudie told Reuters at the vineyard near Perpignan, in southeastern France.

埃斯库迪在法国东南部佩皮尼昂附近的葡萄园对路透社表示:“如果我们想要保留当地的葡萄品种,就需要找到解决方案。”

He said the turning solar panel technology might just be the future.

他说,可旋转太阳能板技术可能就是就是未来。

He said, "We'll need to do something..." because their climate is changing. "Thirty years ago, we thought 32 degrees Celsius was an extreme temperature, when today it's 38 or even 40," he added.

他说:“我们需要做点什么,”因为气候一直在变化。他还表示:“30年前,我们认为32摄氏度是极端温度,而如今它成了38度甚至40度。”

The fast-growing technology is called Agrivoltaics. It places solar panels over fields and vineyards. This permits farmers to produce power and grow crops with the same land. Several companies in Europe are developing similar technology to cover many different sorts of crops.

这种快速发展的技术被称之为 农业光伏系统。它将太阳能板安装在田野或葡萄园上方。这使得农民可以在同一块土地上发电和种植农作物。欧洲的几家公司都在开发类似技术,以涵盖多种不同种类的作物。

Fight for survival

求生存


A lower sugar content was found in the crops protected by the solar panels on Escudie's land due to reduced sun exposure. This permits him to control the amount of alcohol content in his wine, said Alexandre Cartier. He operates Lyon-based Sun'Agri, which developed the solar panels.

在埃斯库迪地里,由于减少了阳光照射,受太阳能板保护的作物糖分更低。亚历山大·卡蒂埃表示,这使得他能够控制酒中的酒精含量。他经营着总部位于里昂的阳光农业公司,该公司开发了这些太阳能板。

The panels also help warm the ground by around two degrees Celsius. This protects the crop from frost, which can harm wine production. A frost in late April this year is expected to reduce wine production in France by nearly a third compared to recent years.

这些太阳能板还有助于使地面升温大约2摄氏度。这可以防止作物遭受霜冻,霜冻会影响葡萄酒的生产。与近年相比,今年4月下旬的霜冻预计将使法国的葡萄酒产量减少近1/3。

An independent power company uses Escudie's land to place solar panels. This creates enough energy to power about 650 homes in the area, Sun'Agri says.

一家独立的电力公司使用埃斯库迪的土地来安装太阳能板。阳光农业公司表示,这能产生足够该地区约650户家庭使用的电力。

Crop quality is placed ahead of power production. Cartier said this means some 15 to 20 percent of possible energy is lost over a year.

作物质量优先于电力生产。卡蒂埃表示,这意味着一年内可能会损失约15%到20%的潜在电力。

Sun'Agri's technology uses weather information to decide when to block the sun or turn to give the crops more light.

阳光农业公司的技术利用天气信息来决定何时遮挡阳光以及旋转为作物提供更多光照。

The company aims to have its technology in use on about 40 small farms and vineyards that are between two and four hectares. They will be found in southern France, the Rhone Valley, an important wine production area, and the Mediterranean, between 2022 and 2023.

该公司的目标是将其技术应用到大约40家占地2到4公顷的小型农场或葡萄庄园。2022年到2023年间,它们将出现在法国南部重要葡萄酒产区罗纳河谷以及地中海。

"When you are in areas affected by climate change, the farmers are looking to survive," Sun'Agri's Cartier said.

阳光农业公司的卡蒂埃表示:“受气候变化影地区的农民正在求生存。”


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