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【同义词辨析】 2019-11-08 相反opposite-antithetical

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2021-9-12 16:21| 查看数: 89| 评论数: 2|

opposite: applies to things that stand in sharp contrast or in conflict: they held ~ views on foreign aid.    contrast对比就是difference差异不同    (conflict冲突有2个意思,都叫冲突 1、不一致strong disagreement,如their stories conflict with each other他们的说法不一致(冲突),conflict over the budget预算冲突,conflict of interest利益冲突 2、斗争a struggle for power, property, etc,如armed/military conflict武装/军事冲突,如白宫昨天声明the two heads of states discussed the need "to ensure competition does not veer into conflict"习拜两人讨论应确保竞争不会升级为冲突)


contradictory: applies to two things that completely negate each other so that if one is true or valid the other must be untrue or invalid: made ~ predictions about the stock market.            negate否定,来自词根NEG否定to deny, reject,拉丁动词negare表示'to say no'否定,形容词negative           true真实valid有效合理


contrary: implies extreme divergence or diametrical opposition of such things as opinions, motives, intentions, or ideas: ~ accounts of the late president's character.    contrary一般仅表示相反,和opposite类似,因此extreme极端的diametrical=complete, entire完全的仅标红作为参考没有译出,又如contrary answers/opinion/wind相反的答案/意见/风向


antithetical: stresses clear and unequivocally diametrical opposition: a law that is ~ to the basic idea of democracy.     equivocal模棱两可含糊其辞     antithetical强调exact opposite严格意义上的相反,即完全相反,如爱恨善恶民主独裁富裕贫穷


opposite相反: 指存在明显差异或冲突的,contradictory矛盾反驳: 指不但对立,而且相互否定的,contrary相反: 和opposite相同仅表相反,antithetical完全相反: 强调完全相反


记忆方法: 1)练习一下             ""的本义是"(将物体)翻转过来"的意思,"又"表示,"厂"表示山崖,两部分合用有"以手攀岩,下欲翻上"之义    表示1、本义翻转,如易如反掌上下反转辗转反侧   引申为2、与""相对,如反面相反反对违反反叛逆反

               2)相反的意思是相对立mean being so far apart as to be or seem irreconcilable.         irreconcilable指观点意见相对立,或矛盾冲突不可调和


最新评论

youthy 发表于 2021-9-12 17:33:17
不错,终于更新了。
sam1688 发表于 2021-9-13 08:40:10
Thanks so much!
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