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【同义词辨析】 2019-11-05 无谓supererogatory-wanton

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2021-9-12 16:20| 查看数: 132| 评论数: 4|

supererogatory: implies a giving above or beyond what is required by rule and may suggest the adding of something not needed or not wanted: an abrupt man who regarded the usual pleasantries as ~.                      pleasantry客气话客套


gratuitous: may apply to a voluntary giving without expectation of return: provided ~ services; but usually applies to something offensive or unpleasant given or done without provocation: a ~ insult.     义项2又如there's too much crime and gratuitous violence on TV电视里充斥着犯罪和无谓的暴力,如本例a gratuitous insult无端(无缘无故)的侮辱       义项1又如we often mistake the gratuitous blessings of Heaven for the fruits of our own industry我们常把上天无偿的恩赐误以为是自身勤劳的果实,gratuitous distribution/legal advice免费配给/法律咨询。名词gratuity表示小费an amount of money giving to a waiter or waitress for performing a service,如a 15 percent gratuity百分之十五的小费,也叫tip


uncalled-for: implies a gratuitous impertinence or logical absurdity: resented her ~ advice.  又如uncalled-for jealousy无谓的妒忌     impertinent无礼的不敬的,多指没有礼貌地问问题或表示好奇a little brat asking impertinent questions一个小顽童问无礼的问题;absurd荒唐=not reasonable


wanton: implies not only a lack of provocation but a malicious, arbitrary, or sportive motive: the ~ destruction of property by vandals.   
sportive嬉戏的取乐的=playful   (wanton 1无理任性肆意implies causing harm or damage deliberately and for no acceptable reason,wanton aggression/luxury肆意侵略/大肆奢华, wanton destruction of environment肆意破坏环境, wanton disregard for his friend's feelings全然不顾他朋友的感受  2放荡not sexually moral or respectable, 用于wanton woman荡妇)


supererogatory份外的多余的: 指超出职责义务,或多余的,gratuitous无偿的无谓的: 指免费提供的,但更多指无缘无故地令人不快
,uncalled-for无谓的: 指既不必要也不恰当,wanton肆意: 指武断恶意随心所欲

记忆方法: 1)练习一下

               2)无谓的意思是无缘无故无必要不恰当mean
done without need, compulsion, warrant, or provocation.



最新评论

youthy 发表于 2021-9-12 17:36:48
提供例句就好了。
sam1688 发表于 2021-9-13 08:40:51
Thanks so much!
xusong0327 发表于 2021-9-13 09:21:47
很不错
jason246 发表于 2021-9-14 10:11:59
you are welcome
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