发布者: 千缘 | 发布时间: 2021-6-10 00:50| 查看数: 38| 评论数: 0|

Hi. My name is Cameron Russell, and for the last little while, I ve been a model. Actually, for 10 years.And I feel like there s an uncomfortable tension in the room right now because I should not have worn this dress.

大家好,我是Cameron Russell, 在过去的一段时间里,我是个模特。其实,(我干了)10年。现在,我在这个房间内感到一种令人不适的紧张感,因为我不该穿这条裙子。

So luckily, I brought an outfit change. This is the first outfit change on the TED stage, so you guys are pretty lucky to witness it, I think. If some of the women were really horrified when I came out, you don t have to tell me now, but I ll find out later on Twitter.


I d also note that I m quite privileged to be able to transform what you think of me in a very brief 10 seconds. Not everybody gets to do that. These heels are very uncomfortable, so good thing I wasn t going to wear them. The worst part is putting this sweater over my head, because that s when you ll all laugh at me, so don t do anything while it s over my head.


All right.So, why did I do that? That was awkward.Well --Hopefully not as awkward as that picture.

换好了。那么,我为什么做这个呢(现场换装)? 看起来很奇怪。希望不会像图片上那样怪。

Image is powerful, but also, image is superficial. I just totally transformed what you thought of me, in six seconds. And in this picture, I had actually never had a boyfriend in real life. I was totally uncomfortable, and the photographer was telling me to arch my back and put my hand in that guy s hair. And of course, barring surgery, or the fake tan that I got two days ago for work, there s very little that we can do to transform how we look, and how we look, though it is superficial and immutable, has a hu褐色ge impact on our lives.

形象是强大的,但同时又是表面化的。我只是在6秒内就彻底改变了自己在你们心中的形象。在这张照片里,我事实上在现实生活中根本没有男朋友。当摄影师要我弓起背,摸那个男士的头发时,我非常不自在。当然,除了手术或像两天前我为了工作做的棕 (色的皮肤) ,我们基本上是没法改变外表的。我们的外表即使是表面化的、固定的,还是极大地影响着我们的生活。

So today, for me, being fearless means being honest. And I am on this stage because I am a model. I am on this stage because I am a pretty, white woman, and in my industry, we call that a sexy girl. I m going to answer the questions that people always ask me, but with an honest twist.

所以今天,对我来说,变的无惧就意味着要诚实。今天我站在这里是因为我是个模特。我在这个舞台上是因为我是个漂亮的白种女性,在我们业内我们称此为“性感女孩”。我要回答下人们常常问我的那些问题, (而且是)以一种诚实的方式。

So the first question is, how do you become a model? I always just say, "Oh, I was scouted," but that means nothing. The real way that I became a model is I won a genetic lottery, and I am the recipient of a legacy, and maybe you re wondering what is a legacy. Well, for the past few centuries we have defined beauty not just as health and youth and symmetry that we re biologically programmed to admire, but also as tall, slender figures, and femininity and white skin.

第一个问题是,你是怎么成为模特的?我总是说:“我是被发现的”,但这其实什么也说明不了。我成为模特的真正的原因是我拥有极佳的基因,我是遗产的接受者,你可能在疑问什么是遗产?在过去的几个世纪里,美的定义不仅仅只包括健康,年轻和身材匀称这些我们出于生物本能去赞美的元素,还包括高挑,苗条的体型, 富有女性气质,白色皮肤这些特征。

And this is a legacy that was built for me, and it s a legacy that I ve been cashing out on. And I know there are people in the audiencewho are skeptical at this point, and maybe there are some fashionistas who are like, "Wait. Naomi. Tyra. Joan Smalls. Liu Wen." And first, I commend you on your model knowledge. Very impressive.

这就是我的遗产,这就是我一直在兑现的遗产,我知道你们中有些人可能对这个观点存疑,你们可能会举出一些时尚圈人物,像 Naomi, Tyra, Joan Smalls和Liu Wen (前三位为黑人模特,第四位为中国模特)。首先,我要表扬下你们对于模特界的了解令人印象深刻。

But unfortunately, I have to inform you that in 2007, a very inspired NYU Ph.D. student counted all the models on the runway, every single one that was hired, and of the 677 models that were hired, only 27, or less than four percent, were non-white.


The next question people always ask is, "Can I be a model when I grow up?" And the first answer is, "I don t know, they don t put me in charge of that." But the second answer, and what I really want to say to these little girls is, "Why? You know? You can be anything. You could be the President of the United States, or the inventor of the next Internet, or a ninja cardiothoracic surgeon poet, which would be awesome, because you d be the first one."

下一个人们常问我的问题是 “我长大了能当模特吗?” 我的第一个答案是:“我也不知道,因为他们没让我来掌管这件事”。但第二个答案,也是我想对问问题的那些小姑娘说的是“为什么?你知道吗?你可以选择任何的职业。你可以成为美国总统,或是下一代互联网的发明者,或是个忍者般的心胸外科诗人,——这个不错,因为你会是第一个。”

If, after this amazing list, they still are like, "No, no, Cameron, I want to be a model," well, then I say, "Be my boss." Because I m not in charge of anything, and you could be the editor in chief of American Vogue or the CEO of H&M, or the next Steven Meisel. Saying that you want to be a model when you grow up is akin to saying that you want to win the Powerball when you grow up. It s out of your control, and it s awesome, and it s not a career path.

如果,听完这些她们还是说 “不,不,Cameron,我想当模特”,我会说:“当我的老板吧。”因为我不能决定任何事,你可以成为美国Vogue杂志的主编,或是H&M的首席执行官,或下一个Steven Meisel(著名时尚摄影师) 。说你长大后想当模特就像你说你长大后想赢彩票一样。(能不能成为模特)不在你的掌控范围之内。当模特很棒,但它不是一个可规划的行业 。

I will demonstrate for you now 10 years of accumulated model knowledge, because unlike cardiothoracic surgeons, it can just be distilled right now. So, if the photographer is right there, the light is right there, like a nice HMI, and the client says, "We want a walking shot," this leg goes first, nice and long, this arm goes back, this arm goes forward, the head is at three quarters, and you just go back and forth, just do that, and then you look back at your imaginary friends, 300, 400, 500 times.


It will look something like this.


Hopefully less awkward than that one in the middle. That was -- I don t know what happened there.


Unfortunately, after you ve gone to school, and you have a résumé and you ve done a few jobs, you can t say anything anymore, so if you say you want to be the President of the United States, but your résumé reads, "Underwear Model: 10 years," people give you a funny look.


The next question is, "Do they retouch all the photos?" And yeah, they pretty much retouch all the photos, but that is only a small component of what s happening. This picture is the very first picture that I ever took, and it s also the very first time that I had worn a bikini, and I didn t even have my period yet.I know we re getting personal, but I was a young girl.This is what I looked like with my grandma just a few months earlier.


Here s me on the same day as this shoot. My friend got to come.


Here s me at a slumber party a few days before I shot French Vogue.


Here s me on the soccer team and in V Magazine.


And here s me today.


And I hope what you re seeing is that these pictures are not pictures of me. They are constructions, and they are constructions by a group of professionals, by hairstylists and makeup artists and photographers and stylists and all of their assistants and pre-production and post-production, and they build this. That s not me.


Okay, so the next question people always ask me is, "Do you get free stuff?"


I do have too many 8-inch heels which I never get to wear, except for earlier, but the free stuff that I get is the free stuff that I get in real life, and that s what we don t like to talk about.


I grew up in Cambridge, and one time I went into a store and I forgot my money and they gave me the dress for free. When I was a teenager, I was driving with my friend who was an awful driver and she ran a red and of course, we got pulled over, and all it took was a "Sorry, officer," and we were on our way. And I got these free things because of how I look, not who I am, and there are people paying a cost for how they look and not who they are.


I live in New York, and last year, of the 140,000 teenagers that were stopped and frisked, 86% of them were black and Latino, and most of them were young men. And there are only 177,000 young black and Latino men in New York, so for them, it s not a question of, "Will I get stopped?" but "How many times will I get stopped? When will I get stopped?" When I was researching this talk, I found out that of the 13-year-old girls in the United States, 53% don t like their bodies, and that number goes to 78% by the time that they re 17.


So, the last question people ask me is, "What is it like to be a model?" And I think the answer that they re looking for is, "If you are a little bit skinnier and you have shinier hair, you will be so happy and fabulous." And when we re backstage, we give an answer that maybe makes it seem like that. We say, "It s really amazing to travel, and it s amazing to get to work with creative, inspired, passionate people."

那么最后一个问题是“当模特是什么感觉?”我猜他们期待的答案是 “是不是只要再瘦一点儿,头发再有光泽一些,你就会很开心”。当在后台时,我们会给出一个像这样的答案:“能到处旅行,和有创造力的、热情的、灵感不断的人一起工作真的很棒。”

And those things are true, but they re only one half of the story, because the thing that we never say on camera, that I have never said on camera, is, "I am insecure." And I m insecure because I have to think about what I look like every day. And if you ever are wondering, "If I have thinner thighs and shinier hair, will I be happier?" you just need to meet a group of models, because they have the thinnest thighs, the shiniest hair and the coolest clothes, and they re the most physically insecure women probably on the planet.

这不假,但这只是事实的一半,因为我们永远不会在镜头前说,而且我也没说的是, “我没有安全感”。因为我必须每天都要担心自己看上去怎么样。如果你曾经也想过 “如果我的大腿更瘦,头发更好,我会更开心吗? ”你只要去看看模特就知道了,因为她们有最瘦的大腿,最漂亮的头发,最酷的衣服,而她们却可能是世界上最没有身体安全感的女人。

When I was writing this talk, I found it very difficult to strike an honest balance, because on the one hand, I felt very uncomfortable to come out here and say, "Look I ve received all these benefits from a deck stacked in my favor," and it also felt really uncomfortable to follow that up with, "and it doesn t always make me happy." But mostly it was difficult to unpack a legacy of gender and racial oppression when I am one of the biggest beneficiaries.

所以当我为这次演讲做准备时,发现很难为诚实找到一个平衡点。因为一方面如果我站在这儿,说“看,我凭着天生的优势得到了这么多东西”,心里会不舒服,但如果这句话接着 “可是这些都不能让我开心”,也很不自在。但最难的是,当我自己本身是最大的受益者时,去揭露性别和种族歧视的职业传统。

But I m also happy and honored to be up here and I think that it s great that I got to come before 10 or 20 or 30 years had passed and I d had more agency in my career, because maybe then I wouldn t tell the story of how I got my first job, or maybe I wouldn t tell the story of how I paid for college, which seems so important right now.


If there s a takeaway to this talk, I hope it s that we all feel more comfortable acknowledging the power of image in our perceived successes and our perceived failures.


Thank you.



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