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10个常被误用的无复数形式的名词 | 不信你没被坑过

发布者: 千缘 | 发布时间: 2021-4-8 00:52| 查看数: 77| 评论数: 0|

1. Advices

N-UNCOUNT If you give someone advice, you tell them what you think they should do in a particular situation. 建议

Don't be afraid to ask for advice about ordering the meal.

别怕就点餐寻求建议。

Take my advice and stay away from him!

听我的忠告,离他远点!

Netizens offered advice and suggestions on how to curb environmental pollution and build a more beautiful China.

网民们为抑制环境污染并建设一个更加美丽的中国出谋划策。

总结:任何情况下无advices这种形式!!!

2. Aircrafts

any vehicle that can fly and carry goods or passengers 飞机;航空器• fighter/transport/military aircraft 战斗机;运输机;军用飞机复数形式:aircraft


                               
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总结:任何情况下无aircrafts的形式!!!

3. Assistances

1.

N-UNCOUNT

If you give someone assistance, you help them do a job or task by doing part of the work for them. (通过分担一部分任务而给予的) 帮助

•  Since 1976 he has been operating the shop with the assistance of volunteers.

自1976年以来他一直在志愿者的帮助下经营着这家商店。

2.

N-UNCOUNT

If you give someone assistance, you give them information or advice. (通过提供信息或建议而给予的) 协助

•  Any assistance you could give the police will be greatly appreciated.

您能给警方的任何帮助都将受到不胜感谢。

3.

N-UNCOUNT

If someone gives a person or country assistance, they help them by giving them money. (通过给予资金而提供的) 援助

•  ...a viable programme of economic assistance.

…一项切实可行的经济援助计划。

4.

N-UNCOUNT

If something is done with the assistance of a particular thing, that thing is helpful or necessary for doing it. (某物提供的) 帮助

•  The translations were carried out with the assistance of a medical dictionary.

这些翻译是在一本医学词典的帮助下完成的。


                               
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总结:任何情况下无assistances的形式!!!

4. Consensuses

N-SING

A consensus is general agreement among a group of people. 共识

•  The consensus among the world's scientists is that the world is likely to warm up over the next few decades.

全世界科学家的共识是地球可能在未来几十年中变暖。

他们在一系列问题上达成了共识。

They reached consensus on a number of issues.

总结:任何情况下无consensuses的形式!!!

5. Equipments

N-UNCOUNT Equipment consists of the things that are used for a particular purpose, such as a hobby or job. 设备; 装备

•  ...computers, electronic equipment and machine tools.

…电脑、电子设备和机床。

经常有同学使用equipments,你犯过同样的错误吗?集团拥有众多先进的建筑器材。The Group owns a huge range of advanced construction equipment.政府文献中也有类似错误哟!


                               
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总结:任何情况下无equipments的形式!!!

6. Evidences

1. N-UNCOUNT Evidence is anything that you see, experience, read, or are told that causes you to believe that something is true or has really happened. 证据; 依据

•  Ganley said he'd seen no evidence of widespread fraud.

甘利说他没有看见欺骗行为泛滥的证据。

2. N-UNCOUNT Evidence is the information that is used in a court of law to try to prove something. Evidence is obtained from documents, objects, or witnesses. (法律上的) 证据

•  The evidence against him was purely circumstantial.

不利于他的证据纯粹是间接证据。

3. PHRASE If you give evidence in a court of law or an official inquiry, you officially say what you know about people or events, or describe an occasion at which you were present. (在法庭上或官方调查中) 作证

•  The forensic scientists who carried out the original tests will be called to give evidence.

那些进行了原始化验的法医学家们将被叫去作证。

4. PHRASE If someone or something is in evidence, they are present and can be clearly seen. 显然可见

•  Few soldiers were in evidence.

几乎看不见有士兵。

审判时,数名目击者给出了证词。

Several witnesses gave evidence during the trial.

总结:任何情况下无evidences 的形式!!!

7. Trainings

1. N-UNCOUNT Training is the process of learning the skills that you need for a particular job or activity. 培训

•  He called for much higher spending on education and training.

他呼吁在教育和培训上投入更多的资金。

•  Kennedy had no formal training as a decorator.

肯尼迪没有接受过油漆工的正式培训。

2. N-UNCOUNT Training is physical exercise that you do regularly in order to keep fit or to prepare for an activity such as a race. (体育) 锻炼; (为参加赛跑等的) 训练

•  The emphasis is on developing fitness through exercises and training.

重点放在通过运动和锻炼来促进健康。

你一定用过trainings吧。上网查一查,会发现很多trainings的例子。但是trainings这个词是错误的。政府文献中也有类似错误哟。


                               
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总结:任何情况下无trainings 的形式!!!

8. Aids

1. N-UNCOUNT Aid is money, equipment, or services that are provided for people, countries, or organizations who need them but cannot provide them for themselves. 援助

•  ...regular flights carrying humanitarian aid to Cambodia.

…向柬埔寨运送人道主义援助的定期班机。

•  They have already pledged billions of dollars in aid.

他们已经承诺了数十亿美元的援助。

2. N-UNCOUNT If you perform a task with the aid of something, you need or use that thing to perform that task. 帮助

•  He succeeded with the aid of a completely new method he discovered.

借助于一个他所发现的全新方法,他取得了成功。

aid的意思是帮助,特别是指由政府向其他国家提供的帮助,在这种情况下,aid没有复数形式。AIDS是艾滋病。总结:aid作帮助讲时无复数形式。

9. Researches

N-UNCOUNT Research is work that involves studying something and trying to discover facts about it. 研究

•  Sixty-five percent of the 1987 budget went for nuclear weapons research and production.

1987年预算的65%用在了核武器的研制上。

小编之前也经常用错这个词。这个词有误导性,主要是因为它还能用于动词,单数第三人称是researches

V-T If you research something, you try to discover facts about it. 研究

He researches the properties of new materials.

他研究了新材料的性能。总结:research作名词时无researches形式!!!

10. Staffs

[ C ] [ usually sing.U ] all the workers employed in an organization considered as a group 全体职工(或雇员)

medical staff 全体医务人员

teaching staff 全体教师

We have 20 part-time members of staff . 我们有20名兼职员工。

staff members 职工

staff development/training 员工培养╱培训

a staff restaurant/meeting 职工食堂╱大会

Staff表示雇员时是抽象的集合名词,因为不是具体的名词,所以不能使用一般的单数形式,也没有复数形式。

他父亲是云南省昆明盐务管理局的一名工作人员。

His father was a staff working in the Salt Affairs Bureau in Kunming. (×)

His father was a member of staff working in the .... (√)

作为香港的重要雇主香港赛马会雇佣了超过24800名全职及兼职员工。

As a major employer in Hong Kong, the HKJC employs more than 24,800 full-time and part-time staffs. (×)

As a major employer in Hong Kong, the HKJC employs more than 24,800 full-time and part-time employees. (√)

能使用staff的语境有(注意:

可以说the staff,但是不能说a staff,除非有形容词修饰):

教职工们聚集在一起欢迎新来的教授。

The staff gathered to welcome the new professor. (√)

我们公司有一名出色的员工。

We have an outstanding staff in this company. (√)


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