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“敲木头”祝好运

发布者: 千缘 | 发布时间: 2021-3-8 00:29| 查看数: 63| 评论数: 0|



Now, Words and Their Stories from VOA Learning English.

欢迎收听VOA慢速英语《词汇掌故》。

Each week on this program, we talk about common words and expressions in the English language.

在这个节目中,我们每周都会讨论英语中的常用词汇。

Today, we tell about the word "knock." To help explain expressions using "knock," you will hear scripted dialogues. We will also use songs. We really want to knock your socks off!

今天,我们来讲讲“knock”这个词。为了帮助解释使用“knock”这个词的表达方式,你将听到一些对话,我们还将使用歌曲。我们真的很想让你感到大吃一惊!

In other words, we want to have such an effect on you that your socks fly off your feet! So to speak.

换言之,我们希望会对你产生很大的影响,让你的袜子都飞离你的脚!可以这么说。

Another expression with a similar meaning is "Knock 'em dead!"

另一个有类似意思的表达是“Knock 'em dead!(让他们印象深刻!)”

Usually, we say this to close friends or family members when we want them to do a really great job at something. It is an easy-going, informal way to give someone motivation.

通常,当我们希望亲密的朋友或家人在某件事上做得非常出色时,我们会对他们说这句话。这是一种给人动力的随和、非正式的方式。

So, if a friend has a very important meeting, you can say to her, "Don't worry. You will knock 'em dead!" In other words, you are going to impress them so much that they will fall over dead! Not actually, of course.

所以,如果一个朋友有个非常重要的会议,你可以对她说,“别担心。你会给他们留下深刻印象!”换句话说,你会让他们印象深刻,以至于他们会倒地死去!当然不是真的这样。

The "e-m" in this expression is short for the word "them." But when saying this expression, we don't say "them." We say the informal, shortened form of the word -- pronounced 'em. And we say it quickly blending the words together: Knock 'em dead.

这个短语中的“e-m”是单词“them”的缩写。但是说这个短语时,我们不说“them”。我们说的是这个单词的非正式的缩写形式——发音为'em。我们说它时快速地把单词混合在一起了:Knock'em dead。

Now, as a verb, "knock" has many meanings. The most common is to simply knock on something, or hit it, with your fist. For example, you knock on a door when you want to enter someone's house. That you probably know. But did you know that when you want good luck, you should knock on wood?

现在,作为一个动词,“knock”有很多含义。最常见的是用你的拳头简单地敲打某物。例如,当你想进入某人的房子时,你敲门。你可能知道。但是你知道当你想要好运的时候,你应该敲木头吗?

Knock on wood is something we either do or say (or both) to bring good luck.

Knock on wood是我们做或说(或两者同时)以带来好运的东西。

This custom may come from ancient times when people believed that gods existed in nature. So, for example, knocking on a tree was thought to bring good luck. Even if they don't believe it to be true, many Americans say "Knock on wood!" to mean "Wish me good luck!"

这一习俗可能来自远古时代,那时人们相信上帝存在于自然界。因此,例如,敲一棵树被认为能带来好运。即使他们不相信这是真的,许多美国人说“Knock on wood!”意思是“祝我好运!”

Now, another way we use "knock" as a verb is to combine it with the word "around."

现在,我们用“knock”做动词的另一种方法是把它和“around”结合起来

To knock around is to walk around without a clear purpose. So, you can knock around your neighborhood, a ball field or city streets. One day on a visit to New York City, I knocked around Central Park for a good two hours! And it was not a waste of time. So, don't knock me for spending so much time knocking around!

knock around就是没有明确目的地到处走动。所以,你可以在社区、球场或城市街道上四处游逛。有一天我去纽约,在中央公园逛了整整两个小时!这不是浪费时间。所以,不要因为我花了这么多时间到处闲逛而责怪我!

And this brings us to yet another meaning of the word "knock."

这就引出了“knock”这个词的另一个含义

It also means to criticize. If you knock something you find fault with it. So, if someone criticizes your career choice, you can say, "Why are you knocking my job? It's my business what I do. Not yours."

它也意味着批评。如果你敲了什么东西,你是发现了它有毛病。所以,如果有人批评你的职业选择,你可以说,“Why are you knocking my job?(你为什么砸我饭碗?)做什么工作是我自己的事,与你无关。”

We use this meaning of "knock" in another informal expression: Don't knock it 'till you've tried it. This means you should not criticize something you have not tried.

我们在另一个非正式的表达中使用“knock”的意思:Don't knock it 'till you've tried it(还没试用之前先别乱批评)。它的意思是你不应该批评没有尝试过的东西。

Another common expression is to simply tell someone to "knock it off!" This is a forceful and somewhat childish way to say "Stop it!"

另一个常见的表达方式是简单地告诉某人“knock it off!(住口!)”这是一个强有力的,有点孩子气的方式说:“住手!”

There is another "knock" expression that we use only in special situations. So, let's say somebody wants to do something and you really don't care if they do it or if they don't. In that case, you could say, "Knock yourself out."

“knock”还有一种表达,我们只在特殊情况下使用。所以,假设有人想做某件事,而你真的不在乎他们是否会做。在这种情况下,你可以说,“Knock yourself out.(随便)”

Let's hear it used in these two short dialogues.

我们来听听这两个简短对话中的用法。

Wow, your sandwich looks good.

哇,你的三明治看起来不错。

It is good. But I'm full.

它很好吃,但我饱了。

Can I finish the rest?

我可以把剩下的吃完吗?

Knock yourself out.

你随意吧。

Hey, are you going to be home this weekend?

嘿,这个周末你要回家吗?

Yes. Why do you ask?

回家,你为什么要问我这个?

Well, I want to throw a party. Since you're my roommate, I'd thought I'd check with you first.

我想办个派对,既然你是我的室友,我想我应该先问问你。

I don't care.

我不在乎。

Are you sure? It might be loud.

你确定吗?可能声音会很大。

Knock yourself out!

你随便吧!

On the Formal/Informal Scale – if we were to have one -- this term would rate as very informal. So, only use it with your good friends and not your employer, your friend's grandparents or a university professor.

在正式/非正式的范围内——如果我们要说的话——这个术语会被认为是特别不正式。所以,只能对好朋友,而不是雇主、你朋友的祖父母或大学教授用它。

Speaking of university, some people go there to learn. While others learn from experience. And difficult experiences can be the best teacher. In a way, they are a lot like school. And we call that school the school of hard knocks.

说到大学,有些人去那里学习,而其他人则从经验中学习。困难的经历是最好的老师,在某种程度上,它们很像学校。我们把这种学校称为school the school of hard knocks(艰苦的磨练)。

In the school of hard knocks, you learn something as a result of difficult or unpleasant experiences. The term "hard knocks" means the situations in life that try to knock you down, but you won't give up.

经历艰苦的磨练时,你从困难或不愉快的经历中学到一些东西。“hard knocks(猛烈的打击)”这个词是指生活中那些试图击倒你的情境,但你不会放弃。

And that brings us to the end of this Words and Their Stories.

本期的节目就到这里了。

Until next time ... I'm Anna Matteo.

下次见,我是安娜·马特奥。


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