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“emigrate” 和 “immigrate”都是“移民”,它们到底一不一样?

发布者: 千缘 | 发布时间: 2020-12-1 00:44| 查看数: 129| 评论数: 0|

What is the difference between emigrate and immigrate?


                               
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Emigrate /'emɪgreɪt/ 和 immigrate /'ɪmɪgreɪt/ 有什么区别?


                               
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✦ Emigrate means to leave one country and settle in another.

Emigrate的意思是从一个国家离开去往另一个国家定居。

(Emigrate focuses on the point of departure.)

强调了“离开”这个节点

✦ Immigrate means to enter a new country with the purpose of staying there.

Immigrate的意思是以呆在那儿为目的进入一个新的国家

(Immigrate focuses on the point of arrival.)

强调的是“到来”这个节点


                               
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To emigrate and to immigrate are similar in meaning, but there is a difference. To emigrate focuses on the point of departure, while to immigrate focuses on the point of arrival.

去emigrate 或者去immigrate意思上是很相近的,但是也有区别。emigrate强调了“离开”这个动作,而immigrate强调了“到达”这个动作。

For example:

I emigrated to England in the 1990s.

我在二十世纪九十年代移民去了英格兰。

(I left my homeland in the 1990s.)

我在二十世纪九十年代离开了我的故乡。

I immigrated to England in the 1990s.

我在二十世纪九十年代移民到了英格兰,

(I've been living in England since the 1990s.)

我从二十世纪九十年代就到英格兰生活了。


                               
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这里分享一个网友的小窍门


                               
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My memory trick is to note that immigrants come “in,” and both immigrant and in start with the letter I. Many readers also wrote in to note that people who emigrate exit a country, and both emigrate and exit start with the letter E.

我的记忆小诀窍就是,记住immigrants进来(in),“immigrant”和“in”这两个词都是以字母I为开头的。也有人说人们移民出(exit)一个国家,“emigrate”和“exit”都是以字母E为开头。


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