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抗击镰状细胞病

发布者: 千缘 | 发布时间: 2020-10-30 00:42| 查看数: 71| 评论数: 0|



Next, an editorial reflecting the views of the United States government.

以下是一篇反映美国政府政策立场的社论。

Every year, around 300,000 children in sub-Saharan Africa are born with Sickle Cell Disease,

在撒哈拉以南的非洲地区,每年有大约30万儿童生来患有镰状细胞病,

caused by an ancient mutation in one of the genes governing the development of hemoglobin.

这种疾病是由控制人类血红蛋白发育的一个基因发生古老突变引起的。

The disease causes extreme pain, organ, and immune system damage.

这种疾病会导致极度疼痛、以及器官和免疫系统受损。

“That damage to the immune system happens very, very early.

“免疫系统遭受的损伤开始得非常、非常、非常早。

So children who don't get appropriate care can die of bacterial infections very rapidly,”

因此,得不到适当治疗的儿童可能很快就会死于细菌感染。”

explains Brett Giroir, a pediatric doctor and Admiral in the United States Public Health Service

美国公共卫生服务局的儿科医生兼上将布雷特·吉罗伊尔解释道,

who currently serves as the Assistant Secretary for Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

他目前担任美国卫生及公共服务部助理部长。

Indeed, in low- and middle-income countries, an estimated 80 percent of children with Sickle Cell Disease die before the age of 5.

事实上,在中低收入国家,估计有80%的镰状细胞病患病儿童不到五岁便不幸夭折。

Because Sickle Cell Disease is the most common -genetic disorder among African Americans,

由于镰状细胞病是非裔美国人最常患有的遗传性疾病,

“the United States …has really taken bold leadership in bringing sickle cell disease to the forefront,” said Admiral Giroir.

“美国真正勇敢地带头把镰状细胞病放在最优先处置的地位。”吉罗伊尔上将表示。

Internationally, the United States is working with countries like Uganda,

美国在国际层面正与乌干达等国家合作。

which has just published a national plan to deal with Sickle Cell Disease.

乌干达刚刚公布了一项应对镰状细胞病的国家计划,

“The Ugandan plan, I think, is really a landmark,”

“我认为,乌干达计划的确是个里程碑”。

said Admiral Giroir: “It's a specific plan.

吉罗伊尔上将表示:“这是个具体的计划。

It's fully costed.

费用全部包含。

It's done chronologically.

计划分阶段执行。

So, we know what needs to be done when.

所以我们知道什么时候需要做什么事情。

So, it's a really robust plan that can serve as an example for the rest of the continent.”

因此,这的确是个强有力的计划,能够成为非洲大陆其它地区的榜样。”

It’s important to note that this plan was made by the nation of Uganda for the people of Uganda,said Admiral Giroir.

吉罗伊尔上将指出,这项计划是乌干达国家为乌干达人民所制定的,这点很重要。

“What Uganda did is it did a survey to understand even within a country, there are many regions where sickle cell is much more common than other places.

“乌干达所做的,就是进行了一项调查,以了解即使在一个国家境内,也有很多地区的镰状细胞病要比其它地区更加常见。

And these are sort of the accidents of genetics with…with who lives in those areas and how it developed over a period of time.

这些是当地民众的遗传基因发生的某种事故,是在一段时间内形成的。

So, this is a targeted plan.

所以说,这是一个有针对性的计划。

So it starts where the places that have the worst effects of sickle cell are.

所以计划首先从那些镰状细胞病影响最严重的地区开始。

So, there are about 75 health districts that they're going to focus on first and then expand it.”

因此,他们将首先关注大约75个卫生区,然后再进行拓展。”

Uganda has agreed to allow its plan to be disseminated throughout Africa.

乌干达已同意允许向非洲各地传播这个计划。

It will need to be adapted to the people, to the culture and economic situation of each country, but that can easily happen, said Admiral Giroir.

吉罗伊尔上将表示,这项计划需要针对各国的民众,文化和经济情况来进行调整,但这很容易做到。

“The first step is to have a plan.

“第一步是制定计划。

The second step is to really execute that plan.

第二步是真正开始执行计划。

But we are in a really great position to make the plan and to execute it.”

但我们的确有很好的优势来制定计划并执行这个计划。”

That was an editorial reflecting the views of the United States government.

这是一篇反映美国政府政策立场的社论。


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