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自贸试验区“扩群” 新增北京、湖南、安徽

发布者: x-kai | 发布时间: 2020-9-23 11:58| 查看数: 116| 评论数: 0|

日前,国务院印发《中国(北京)、(湖南)、(安徽)自由贸易试验区总体方案》和《中国(浙江)自由贸易试验区扩展区域方案》。

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湖南省岳阳市货运仓库(图片来源:新华网)

The plan outlines the priorities for each pilot free trade zone and pledges to give them greater reform space so as to carry out in-depth exploration and expand opening-up.

方案明确了每个自贸试验区各有侧重的改革试点任务,赋予更大改革自主权,深入开展差别化探索,加大开放力度。

【知识点】

有关自由贸易区的英文表述,我们通常会看到free trade zone(FTZ)和free trade area(FTA)。这两者的区别是:free trade zone(FTZ)是根据本国(地区)法律法规在本国(地区)境内设立的区域性经济特区,区内贸易政策由本国(地区)自行制定;而free trade area(FTA)则是根据多个国家(地区)之间协议设立的包括协议国(地区)在内的经济体,协议成员之间的贸易往来可享受一定的优惠政策,而这些优惠政策需各方共同协商制定。

北京、湖南、安徽自由贸易试验区各有侧重

北京

The Beijing pilot FTZ will focus on supporting the construction of an innovation center with global influence. It will accelerate the construction of a leading area for the expansion of trade in services and a pilot area for the digital economy.

北京自贸试验区围绕助力建设具有全球影响力的科技创新中心,加快打造服务业扩大开放先行区、数字经济试验区。

The Beijing zone will also strive to build a high-level opening-up platform for the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.

着力构建京津冀协同发展的高水平对外开放平台。

The plan also details measures for creating a first-class international environment for innovation and entrepreneurship, advancing innovation in services trade management, and exploring the construction of an international port for the information industry and digital trade in the Beijing zone.

提出了营造国际一流创新创业生态、创新服务贸易管理、探索建设国际信息产业和数字贸易港等方面的具体举措。

湖南

The new pilot FTZ in central China's Hunan province will focus on building a world-class advanced manufacturing cluster, an international investment and trade corridor linking the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and a leading area for in-depth economic and trade cooperation between China and Africa.

湖南自贸试验区围绕打造世界级先进制造业集群、联通长江经济带和粤港澳大湾区的国际投资贸易走廊、中非经贸深度合作先行区和内陆开放新高地。

The plan puts forward specific measures for the Hunan zone, such as the construction of a high-end equipment manufacturing base and the promotion of coordinated development of services industries in Hunan, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao.

提出了打造高端装备制造业基地、实现湘粤港澳服务业联动发展、建设中非经贸深度合作先行区等方面的具体举措。

安徽

Expected to set the standard for opening-up in the inland region, the pilot FTZ in east China's Anhui province will focus on promoting the in-depth integration of scientific and technological innovation and the development of the real economy. It will accelerate the pace of its pioneering role in scientific and technological innovation and the cluster development of advanced manufacturing and strategic emerging industries, and promote the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta.

安徽自贸试验区围绕推动科技创新和实体经济发展深度融合,加快推进科技创新策源地建设、先进制造业和战略性新兴产业集聚发展,推动长三角区域一体化发展,形成内陆开放新高地。

The plan introduces measures including promoting commercialization of technological research results to support the Anhui pilot FTZ.

提出了促进科技成果转移转化等方面的具体举措。

方案还提出扩展浙江自由贸易试验区区域。

The added section will focus on building a new type of international trade center, an international shipping and logistics hub, and the construction of a commodity resource allocation base centered on oil and gas. The section will also see the construction of a digital economy development demonstration zone and a cluster area for advanced manufacturing industries.

浙江自贸试验区扩展区域围绕打造以油气为核心的大宗商品资源配置基地、新型国际贸易中心、国际航运和物流枢纽、数字经济发展示范区和先进制造业集聚区。

自2013年建立上海自贸试验区以来,我国已陆续建立18个自贸试验区,加上此次的3个,自贸试验区达到21个。

【相关词汇

自由贸易试验区 pilot free trade zones

自由贸易协定 free trade agreement

营商环境 business environment

投资环境 investment environment

外资准入负面清单 negative lists for foreign investment market access

参考来源:新华网

(中国日报网英语点津 Helen)


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