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【同义词辨析】2020-07-01 混合mixture-amalgam

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2020-9-28 14:33| 查看数: 101| 评论数: 0|

mixture: the most general term, often implies miscellaneousness: planted a ~ of seeds to get a colorful bed of flowers.          mix泛指混合        mixture和miscellaneous互释,都表示杂乱无章,难以分类


admixture: suggests that one or more elements has an alien character: an ~ of coffee and roasted nuts.    烘烤坚果            an admixture of fact and fantasy虚实结合


blend: implies the thorough mingling of similar elements or ingredients: an attitude that was a ~ of disdain and pity.     blended several teas to create a balanced brew混合几种茶叶,调配出均衡的味道


compound: suggests the union of two or more distinguishable or analyzable parts, elements, or ingredients: a ~ of elegance and frivolity.        compound复合暗示可以区分组成成分,如筑有围墙的小区、院子, 围起来的场地,如the compound was subdivided into four living areas那个小区被划分成四块居住区域,如embassy compound大使馆大院,compound还表示化合物,复利compound interest,复合数学表达式compound mathematical expression等


composite: implies that the constituent elements have been artificially or fortuitously combined: a population that is the ~ of many races.        如a composite picture图(= one made from several pictures) ,如Spain is a composite of diverse traditions and people西班牙是一个汇集了多种传统和民族的国家,两个例子都不暗示成分可区分,composite的字面意思是to put together放在一起,和compound相同


amalgam: suggests a complex mixture or the final form into which it hardens: a beneficent attitude that was an ~ of generosity and disdain.        又如the film script is an amalgam of all three books这个电影脚本由三本书合成   


mixture混合: 最通用,常指混杂(即难以分类),admixture混合: 指混入异物,blend混合: 指彻底混合相似的成分,compound合成复合: 表示各成分可以区分,composite组成: 表示组成一体,但不暗示成分可区分,amalgam合成: 表示多种成分混合定形


记忆方法: 1)首字母MABCCA重新排序成MACCAB是一个单词,公元前1世纪犹太祭祀家族<==混合

              2)混合的意思是多事物结合的产物mean a product formed by the combination of two or more things.


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