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美国新冠肺炎疫情进入"新阶段"

发布者: 千缘 | 发布时间: 2020-8-6 02:30| 查看数: 146| 评论数: 0|

Dr. Deborah Birx, the White House coronavirus taskforce coordinator, said on Sunday that the US is "in anew phase" of battling against the coronaviruspandemic and urged Americans to wear masks andfollow social distancing guidelines.

白宫冠状病毒应对工作组协调员德博拉·伯克斯博士上周日(8月2日)说,美国抗击新冠肺炎疫情已经进入“新阶段”,并敦促美国人外出佩戴口罩,遵守社交距离指南。

"What we are seeing today is different from Marchand April. It is extraordinarily widespread ... it'smore widespread and it's both rural and urban,"Birx said during an interview on CNN.

伯克斯在接受美国有线电视新闻网采访时说:“我们现在的情况与3月和4月时不同。感染的情况非常普遍,比之前更甚,无论是在农村还是城市。”

"To everybody who lives in a rural area, you are not immune or protected from this virus,"Birx said. "And that is why we keep saying, no matter where you live in America, you need towear a mask and socially distance, do the personal hygiene pieces."

伯克斯说:“对于生活在农村地区的每个人来说,你都没有这种病毒的免疫力或保护能力。这就是为什么我们一直说,无论你住在美国的哪个地方,你都需要戴口罩,保持社交距离,做好个人卫生。”

The US has more than 4.6 million coronavirus cases and at least 154,449 deaths, the most ofany country, according to data from the Johns Hopkins University.

据约翰斯·霍普金斯大学统计的数据,美国新冠肺炎累计确诊病例超过460万例,死亡病例至少达到15万4449例,居世界之首。

Asked about former FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb's warning that the country couldexperience 300,000 deaths by the end of 2020, Birx responded, "Anything is possible" butdeclined to provide details on current projections.

美国食品药品管理局前局长斯科特·戈特利布曾警告说,美国到2020年底可能会有30万人因此死亡,伯克斯对此回应说,“一切皆有可能”,但拒绝提供当前预测的细节。

Birx said the US virus death toll will depend on how southern and western states with the worstoutbreaks respond to the virus over the coming weeks.

伯克斯说,美国新冠肺炎死亡人数将取决于疫情最严重的南部和西部各州在未来几周如何应对疫情。

The virus is rapidly spreading across much of the Midwest, as well in states like Florida andCalifornia that have experienced a significant surge in infections. The Northeast, once theepicenter of the virus, has seen a decline in cases since hitting a peak in April.

新冠病毒正在美国中西部的大部分地区迅速蔓延,在感染人数大幅增加的佛罗里达州和加利福尼亚州等州也一样。东北地区曾经是疫情中心,自4月份达到感染高峰以来,病例数量有所下降。



"It's not super spreading individuals, it's super spreading events and we need to stop those,"Birx said. "We definitely need to take more precautions."

伯克斯说:“这不是孤立的超级个体传播者,而是超级传播事件,我们需要阻止这些。我们必须采取更多的预防措施。”

Asked if schools should stay closed and have remote learning in areas where there is a 5%positivity rate, Birx deferred to the CDC's guidelines on school reopenings.

当被问及学校是否应该关闭,并在病毒检测阳性率达5%的地区进行远程教学时,伯克斯建议遵循美国疾控中心关于学校重新开放的指导方针。

"If you have high case load and active community spread, just like we are asking people notto go to bars, not to have household parties, not to create large spreading events, we are askingpeople to distance learn at this moment so we can get this epidemic under control," Birx said.

伯克斯说:“如果所在地区确诊病例很多,社区传播情况普遍,就像我们要求人们不要去酒吧,不要举办家庭聚会,不要制造大规模的传播事件那样,我们也会要求人们进行远程学习,这样我们就能控制疫情。”

"Our levels are still far too high," said Dr. Megan Ranney, an emergency physician at LifespanHealth System and associate professor at Brown University.

生命健康系统的急救医生、布朗大学的副教授梅根·兰尼博士说:“我们的感染率还是太高了。”

The relentless death toll is projected to reach 173,000 by August 22, according to a newcomposite forecast from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That's an averageof almost 1,000 US deaths every day for the next 30 days.

根据美国疾病控制和预防中心最新的综合预测,截至8月22日,美国新冠肺炎死亡人数预计将达到17.3万人。也就是说,在接下来的30天里,平均每天将有大约1000名美国人因此死亡。

Dr. Carlos del Rio, the executive associate dean at Emory University's School of Medicine,explained that in the spring the pandemic was largely felt in large urban communities. Now,more and more rural communities are seeing the spread of the virus.

埃默里大学医学院执行副院长卡洛斯·德尔·里奥博士解释说,在春季,人们主要是在各大城市的社区看到新冠病例的增长,而如今,越来越多的农村社区也出现了病毒的广泛传播。

"The epidemic is moving into every community in America," del Rio told CNN. "And that'swhy we all need to be wearing a mask."

德尔·里奥告诉美国有线电视新闻网说:“疫情正在蔓延到美国的每个社区。因此我们都需要戴上口罩。”

Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan said Wednesday that 44% of residents who had recently testedpositive had attended family gatherings. Another 23% had attended house parties, and 21%attended outdoor events.

马里兰州州长拉里·霍根上周三(7月29日)表示,近期新冠病毒检测呈阳性的居民中有44%参加了家庭聚会,23%的人参加了乡村别墅聚会,还有21%的人参加了户外活动。



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