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巴黎圣母院塔尖将按原样重建

发布者: 千缘 | 发布时间: 2020-7-15 01:43| 查看数: 148| 评论数: 0|

The spire of Notre Dame cathedral, which wasdestroyed in a fire last April, will be restoredaccording to the original Gothic design.

去年四月在一场大火中被烧毁的巴黎圣母院的塔尖将按照原来的哥特式设计重建。

French President Emmanuel Macron announced thedecision, putting an end to speculation that thespire would be rebuilt in a modern style.

法国总统埃马纽埃尔·马克龙宣布了这一决定,从而结束了以现代风格重建塔尖的猜测。

Mr Macron had previously hinted he was in favourof a "contemporary gesture".

马克龙此前曾暗示,他支持“现代风格”。

However he has said he wants the restoration to be completed by 2024, when Paris is hostingthe Olympics.

然而他表示,希望重建工作能在2024年完成,届时巴黎将举办奥运会。

The Elysee said Mr Macron's main concern was "not delaying the reconstruction and making itcomplicated - things had to be cleared up quickly".

爱丽舍宫表示,马克龙的主要担忧是“不要拖延重建和使其复杂化——必须尽快解决”。

It added that the process of designing a modern spire, with an international competition forarchitects, could have caused unnecessary delays.

爱丽舍宫补充说,设计现代尖塔的过程,加上全球建筑师竞标,可能会造成不必要的延误。

"The president trusts the experts and approved the main outlines of the project presented bythe chief architect which plans to reconstruct the spire identically," the Elysee said.

爱丽舍宫表示:“总统信任专家,并批准了首席建筑师提出的重建项目概要,计划按原样对塔尖进行重建。”

The announcement followed a meeting of France's national heritage and architecturecommission (CNPA).

该声明是在法国国家遗产和建筑委员会召开会议后宣布的。



When the 13th century roof of the Paris cathedral caught fire during restoration works inApril 2019 it sparked a vast outpouring of emotion, as well as donations from across the world.

2019年4月,巴黎圣母院建于13世纪的屋顶在修复工作中起火,引发了众人的悲伤之情,世界各地的人们也为此进行了捐赠。

Within two days about 900m euros had been raised for the cathedral's restoration.

两天之内,巴黎圣母院的修复工作就筹集到大约9亿欧元(约合人民币71亿元)。

The cathedral's first spire was built in the 13th Century, but due to extensive damage it wasremoved in the late 18th Century. Its replacement, designed by architect Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, was built in the mid-19th Century.

巴黎圣母院的第一个塔尖建于13世纪,但由于严重损坏,在18世纪末被拆除。新的塔尖由建筑师尤金·维奥莱特-勒-德克设计,建于19世纪中期。

Since last year's fire, discussion over how to restore the spire has been tense.

自去年火灾以来,关于如何重建塔尖的讨论一直很激烈。

Jean-Louis Georgelin, the army general put in charge of the reconstruction effort, wanted amodern alternative. This idea appeared briefly to have President Macron's backing, when hesaid he would be in favour of a "contemporary gesture".

负责重建工作的陆军将军让-路易·乔治林想按照现代风格重建塔尖。这个想法似乎曾得到马克龙总统的支持,马克龙说他将支持“现代风格”。

This sparked a wave of unconventional proposals from architects around the world - includingone design with a rooftop pool, and another with a giant park and greenhouse on the roof.

于是全球建筑师纷纷提出非传统方案——包括屋顶有游泳池的设计,另外一个设计中,屋顶上有一个巨大的公园和温室。

But the cathedral's chief architect Philippe Villeneuve spoke out strongly in favour of afaithful restoration to the previous, 19th Century design.

但巴黎圣母院的首席建筑师菲利普·维伦纽夫表示强烈支持按照19世纪的原样设计重建。

In one particularly heated exchange last November, Gen Georgelin told Mr Villeneuve to "shuthis mouth" - causing audible gasps in a meeting of the National Assembly's cultural affairscommittee.

在去年11月一次特别激烈的讨论中,乔治林将军告诉维伦纳夫“闭上嘴”——这在国民议会文化事务委员会的一次会议上引起了争论。



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