开启辅助访问      

英语家园

 找回密码
 注册

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始

搜索

with,without引导的独立主格结构

发布者: 千缘 | 发布时间: 2020-4-4 01:30| 查看数: 843| 评论数: 0|



一、with ( without)+宾语(名词/代词)+宾语补足语,宾语通常由名词或代词充当,但代词一定要用宾格。请看例句:

The girl hid her box without anyone knowing where it was.

小女孩把盒子藏了起来,没有人知道它在哪里。(without +名词/代词+动词的-ing形式) Without a word more spoken, she left the meeting room.

她没再说什么话就离开了会议室。(without+名词/代词+动词的-ed形式)

The kid feels excited with so many places of interest to visit.

有这么多的名胜可参观,小孩很激动。(with+名词/代词+动词不定式)

The boy was walking, with his father ahead.

父亲在前,小孩在后走着。(with+名词/代词+副词)

He stood at the door, with a computer in his hand. 或He stood at the door, computer in hand. 他站在门口,手里拿着一部电脑。(with+名词/代词+介词短语)

With his son so disappointing, the old man felt unhappy.

由于儿子如此令人失望,老人感到很不快乐。(with+名词/代词+形容词)

二、 在with (without) 的复合结构中,with常常用在独立主格结构前,构成介词短语作状语。这种用法中的with不表达什么意义,因而常可省略,但without 不能省略。请看例句:

1)With a hoe in his right hand, Johnny hurled his muscular body against the door and smashed it down with a crash.

约翰尼右手拿着锄头,健壮的身体猛扑在门上,轰隆一声把门撞开了。

2)The traffic inched along,with horns honking.

汽车缓慢地向前挪着,喇叭声不断响着。

三、“with + 复合宾语”结构也可以用作定语。请看例句:

He lives in a village with a railway behind it.

他住在一个后面有铁路的小村庄。

Harry Potter is a boy with a scar on his forehead.

哈利波特是一个额头有疤的男孩。



最新评论

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表