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【VOA】印度宣布2020年新登月计划

发布者: 千缘 | 发布时间: 2020-2-19 00:44| 查看数: 68| 评论数: 0|帖子模式



India Announces New Plans for Moon Landing in 2020

印度宣布2020年新登月计划

India has announced plans to land an unpiloted space vehicle on the moon in 2020. The plans mark a continuation of India's drive to expand its space program.

印度宣布了2020年无人航天器登陆月球的计划。这项计划标志着印度将继续努力扩大其太空项目。

The head of India's Space Research Organization, K. Sivan, made the announcement on January 1.

印度空间研究组织主席西万于1月1日宣布了这一消息。

The planned mission, called Chandrayaan-3,aims toland an exploration vehicle on the moon's surface. Chandrayaan is the Sanskrit word for "moon vehicle." Sivan recently told reporters that mission planning had progressed "smoothly"so far.

这项任务计划名为“月船三号”,旨在让探测器登陆月球表面。Chandrayaan是梵语中月球车的意思。西万最近对记者表示,这项任务计划目前进展顺利。

"We are targeting the launch for this year, but it may spill over to next year," Sivan said. Indian sources told the French news agency AFP that officials had set November as a target launch date.

西万表示,“我们的目标是今年发射,不过也有可能延续至明年。”印度消息人士对法国新闻机构法新社表示,官员已将11月定为目标发射日期。

India isseeking tobecome only the fourth nation to land on the moon's surface — after Russia, the United States and China. Israel made an unsuccessful attempt to land a spacecraft on the moon last April.

印度正在寻求成为继俄罗斯、美国和中国之后第四个登陆月球表面的国家。去年4月,以色列曾试图登陆月球,但未能成功。

India has worked to establish itself as a low-cost satellite launcher. It isseeking tobecome a world space power. However, the country's space program suffered a failed moon-landing attempt last September. That mission, Chandrayaan-2, ended with the lander spacecraft crashing on the moon's surface.

印度一直致力于将自已打造为低成本卫星发射国。该国正寻求成为世界太空强国。然而,印度的太空计划在去年9月尝试登月时经历失败。那项名为“月船二号”的任务以登陆器撞上月球表面而告终。

Chandrayaan-2 had aimed to land on the south pole of the moon, where no other lunar mission had gone before. The area is believed to contain water because it is largely unaffected by the high temperatures of the sun.

“月船二号”原计划在月球南极登陆,此前没有其他月球任务到达过那里。该区域被认为存在水,因为那里基本上没有受到太阳高温的影响。

Chandrayaan-3's explorer vehicle hopes to confirm the presence of water in the form of lunar ice, which it first discovered during a mission in 2008.

“月船三号”探测车希望确认有月球冰形态的水存在,月球冰在2008年进行的一次任务中首次被发现。

Sivan said the new unpiloted mission is expected to cost about $35 million, with additional launch costs.

西万表示,这项新无人探测任务预计花费约3500万美元,发射费用不包含在内。

Sivan also announced that India had chosen four candidate astronauts totake part inthe country's first planned piloted mission into orbit. That mission is set for late 2021 at the earliest. The four candidates are expected to start training in Russia later this month. Up to three astronauts are to take part in the flight.

西万还宣布印度挑选了四名候选宇航员参加该国首次载人进入轨道的任务。这项任务定于最早在2021年末进行。四名候选人将于本月晚些时候在俄罗斯开始训练。最多将有三名宇航员参加这一航天任务。

The piloted mission is one of India's main planned projects to mark the 75th anniversary of India's independence from British rule.

这个载人任务是印度纪念从英国独立75周年的主要任务计划之一。

I'm Bryan Lynn.

布莱恩·林恩报道。



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