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【同义词辨析】2019-12-25 分配distribute-dole

发布者: jason246 | 发布时间: 2020-1-20 09:36| 查看数: 70| 评论数: 0|帖子模式

distribute: implies an apportioning by separation of something into parts, units, or amounts and a spreading out of those parts equally, systematically, or at random: ~d the work to all employees.     这个词很常用,来自词根TRIB表示to give,pay给    apportion本身表示按照某种原则比例分配implies a dividing according to some principle of equal or proportionate distribution,如profits were apportioned according to a predetermined ratio根据预定比例分配利润)   


dispense: suggests the giving of a carefully weighed or measured portion to each of a group according to need or as a right or as due: ~d medicine during the epidemic.  


divide: stresses the separation of a whole into parts before giving out or delivering and implies that the parts are equal: three charitable groups ~d the proceeds.      proceeds 买卖等的收入收益


deal: emphasizes the allotment of something piece by piece in turn to each of the members of a group: ~ out equipment and supplies to each soldier.    如whose turn is it to deal该谁发牌


dole: implies a scantiness or niggardliness in the amount dispensed: ~d out the little food there was.    (niggardly小气吝啬的,花费最小implies giving or spending the very smallest amount possible,如gave his wife a niggardly Household allowance给他妻子的生活费少得可怜)


distribute分配: 指将某物分发(separate and spread out)平均系统地或随机地,dispense配给: 表示仔细衡量供给所需的有权的应得的,divide均分瓜分: 指每份相等,deal分发: 强调一件一件按顺序发给每人,如发牌,dole少量配给施舍: 表示给出的数量


记忆方法: 1)首字母5D想成5个枣Dates<==分配             <说文>中说: "配,酒色也",""的原义是"用不同的酒配制而成的颜色",所有有酒字旁,后引申为(按适当的标准或比例)调和安排补充,如配色配菜般配配件配偶,分配里的"配"表示安排,类似调配配送发配

               2)分配的意思是分给每个成员mean to give out, usually in shares, to each member of a group.


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