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美国官员称消灭艾滋病毒风险的进程处于停滞状态

发布者: 千缘 | 发布时间: 2019-12-10 03:24| 查看数: 156| 评论数: 0|



United States health officials are reporting problems in meeting the government's goal of ending the HIV epidemic by the year 2030.

美国卫生官员报告了在实现政府2030年前消灭艾滋病疫情的目标上遇到的一些问题。

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, reports there are about 38,000 new cases of HIV each year across the country.

美国疾病控制预防中心报告称,美国每年大约有3.8万例艾滋病毒新增病例。

HIV is the name for the human immunodeficiency virus. It can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, commonly known as AIDS.

艾滋病毒是指人类免疫缺陷病毒。它可以导致获得性免疫缺陷综合征,也就是通常所说的艾滋病。

The CDC says that white Americans at risk of getting HIV are seven times more likely than blacks or Hispanics to receive a drug shown to be effective at preventing infection. The drug is called PrEP. It has been shown to cut the risk of getting HIV through sex by as much as 99%.

美国疾病控制预防中心表示,有可能感染艾滋病毒的美国白人接种一种已被证实可以有效预防艾滋病毒感染的药物的可能性是黑人或西班牙裔美国人的7倍。这种药物被称为 PrEP药物。它已被证实可以将艾滋病性传播风险降低差不多99%。

The CDC says less than half of at-risk whites use the PrEP. It usually requires doctors' orders.

美国疾病控制预防中心表示,只有不到一半存在风险的白人服用了PrEP药物。这种药物通常需要医嘱。

The Trump administration recently announced a plan to provide PrEP free to Americans whose health insurance does not pay for prescription medicines.

川普政府最近宣布了一项计划,给那些自己的医保不报销处方药的美国人免费提供PrEP药物。

The medications, Truvada and Descovy, are made possible in part by a donation from the maker of the drugs, Gilead Sciences. The federal government is paying the manufacturer for several months to distribute the medications.

某种程度上是由于制药商吉利德科学公司的捐赠,使得提供特鲁瓦达和达可挥等药物成为了可能。联邦政府向这家制药商付几个月的费用来分发这类药物。

Without insurance, one month of the drugs costs between $1,600 and $2,000.

如果没有保险,服用这类药物一个月要花费1600到2000美元。

CDC officials note that 40% of HIV infections involve people who do not know they have the virus. They urge everyone to get tested and those who test positive to take daily medications to control the virus.

美国疾病控制预防中心指出,40%的艾滋病毒感染涉及到了那些不知道自身已经感染的人士。他们督促人人都做检查,检查呈阳性的人士则要每天服用药物来控制病毒。



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