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【同义词辨析】2019-10-28 转动curve-twist

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curve: implies following or producing a line suggesting the arc of a circle or ellipse: the road ~d sharply to the left.   ellipse椭圆


bend: suggests a yielding to force and implies a distortion from the anticipated, normal, or desired straightness: metal rods ~ under the immense weight.   yield指外力下变形to give way by force,如a mattress that yields to pressure垫子受力会变形)  (distort扭曲变形implies a wrenching from the natural, normal, or true shape, form, direction指受到拧或拉,导致形状外观方向等变得不自然正常真实,如the odd camera angle distorts his face in the photograph奇怪的照相角度导致他的脸在相片中变形


turn: implies change of direction essentially by rotation and not usually as a result of force or pressure: the comet will ~ toward the earth.     rotate旋转to move in a circle around a center,如the daily rotation of the earth on its axis地球每天自)   (我们知道阿甘正传里珍妮唱的<blowing in the wind随风飘荡>,是一首反越战歌曲: how many roads must a man walk down before they call him a man一个人要走多少路,别人才称他是个人,how many seas must a white dove sail before she sleeps in the sand白鸽要翱翔多少海洋,才能安息在沙滩......有how many times can a man turn his head, and pretend that he just doesn't see一个人能多少次头,假装自己看不见,这是讽刺战争发动者不顾他人牺牲生命,转头假装看不见。是反战运动圣歌Bob Dylan成名作,阿甘恰巧是在赴越南前听到珍妮弹唱)   (I'm turning my head up and down, I'm turning (5x) around, and all that I can see is just another lemon tree我上下左右转头看,只看到柠檬树,1996年问世清新欢快,什么事都不用想不用做just turn his head up and down and around)


twist: implies the influence of a force having a spiral effect throughout the object or course involved: the ~ed wreckage of a spacecraft.    (这个词意义丰富,还表示歪曲曲解to mispresent,如the newspaper was accused of twisting the facts这家报纸被指责歪曲事实,如you always twist everything I say你总是歪曲我说的每一句话;这个词表示to turn with hand,如she gave the lid another twist and it came off她又拧了一下,盖儿开了,还常表示意想不到的变化an unexpected change,如the story has taken another twist故事情节再一次变化,如the disappearance of a vital witness added a new twist to the case一名重要证人失踪,令诉讼出现了新的变数,如by a curious twist of fate we met again only a week or so later由于命运巧妙的安排,大约只过了一周我们又相逢了。本组最后两个词结合在一起twists and turns是个固定搭配: 一波三折,如the twists and turns of his political career他政治生涯一波三折)  (spiral螺旋,不停旋转to wind round and round,如a spiral staircase螺旋形楼梯,如production costs began to spiral生产成本开始螺旋式上升(升得越来越快),如the upward/downward spiral of sales螺旋式上升/下降的销售额(升或降越来越快),spiral螺旋式表示”越来越“)


curve曲线转弯: 指沿着圆弧线前进,bend变弯: 表示受到外力,离开正常直线,变得扭曲变形,turn转向: 指自身旋转改变方向,并非受外力,twist旋转扭转: 指物体受到螺旋式外力的作用


记忆方法: 1)首字母CBTT谈吐不错<==自如

               2)的意思是从直线转离mean to swerve or cause to swerve from a straight line or course.   swerve突然转向,把s想成sudden

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