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【词汇】不要只会用but!Although,​though和even though到底应该怎么用?

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千缘 发表于 2019-11-24 02:05:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Although

Although is a conjunction. It is used for introducing a statement that makes your main statement seem surprising.

Although是连词,用在当主要陈述显得出乎意料时。

● Although Jane was the most deserving candidate, she didn’t get the job.

虽然简是最佳的候选人,但她没有得到那份工作。

● Although she is rich and famous, she is not happy.

虽然她有钱又有名,但她并不快乐。



● The soldiers fought bravely, and although they were badly wounded, they refused to surrender.

士兵们英勇作战,虽然受了重伤,但他们拒绝投降。

Though and even though

Though and although are interchangeable. Though is more common.

Though和although是可互换的。Tough更常见一点。

● Though she was poor she would never ask for help.

虽然她很穷,但她从不寻求帮助。

● Though difficult, the journey was not dangerous.

虽然旅途艰难,但并不危险。



Even though is more emphatic than though and although.

Even though比though和although程度更深。

● The soldiers went on fighting even though they were badly injured.

尽管士兵们受了重伤,他们还是继续战斗。

Notes

Though, although and even though are subordinating conjunctions. They introduce a dependent clause that needs to be attached to an independent clause.

Though, although和even Though是从属连词。它们引入了一个需要附加到独立分句上的从属子句。

When clauses introduced by these subordinating conjunctions come at the beginning of a sentence, we usually separate them with a comma. Note that the commas can be left out if the clauses are very short.

当这些从属连词引导的从句出现在句首时,我们通常用逗号分隔它们。注意,如果分句很短,逗号可以省略。

The coordinating conjunction but can express the same idea.

并列连词but能表达相同的意思。

● The soldiers were badly injured but they went on fighting.

士兵们受了重伤,但他们还是继续战斗。

● She was poor but she would never ask for help.

她很穷,但她从不寻求帮助。



The same ideas can also be expressed using the transitional adverbshowever, nevertheless and nonetheless.

同样的意思也可以用过渡副词however, nevertheless和nonetheless来表达。

● They were badly injured; nevertheless, they went on fighting.

他们受了重伤;尽管如此,他们还是继续战斗。

● Jane was the most deserving candidate; however, she didn’t get the job.

简是最有资格的候选人;然而,她没有得到那份工作。

● It was a difficult race; nonetheless, over 1,000 runners participated.

这是一场艰难的比赛;尽管如此,还是有超过1000名跑步者参加了比赛。

Note the punctuation. Transitional adverbs do not connect two clauses; they merely facilitate the flow of ideas.

注意标点符号。过渡副词不连接两个从句;它们只是为了意思的连贯。

A transitional adverb should be preceded by a full stop or a semicolon. And it should be followed by a comma.

过渡副词前应加句号或分号。后面应该加逗号。

REF: www.englishgrammar.org/though-although-and-even-though



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